Stressors
Exposure to media = risk factor, not a direct cause
Becker and Colleagues (2002)
Fijian traditional culture on eating, western TV.
Sanders and Bazzalgate (1993)
Barbie Dolls
Pike and Roden (1991)
Mothers of girls with AN, diet
Neuromaturational Factors
Neurotransmitter (Serotonin)
Craving for carbohydrates = low levels
Eating large quantities= higher levels
that sets up a mood that reinforces
eating.
Carraso (2000)
Smith et al (1990)
Mazzeo and Bulik
GXE correlations, environment / genetic pre-disposition
INTERACTION
1. Passive, Active, Evocative
GXE
Pamela Keel (2005)
5HTT receptor genes,
estrogen receptor genes and
2 dopamine receptor genes
Mazzeo and Bulik
GXE correlations,
environment / genetic predisposition
Personality traits
Southgate and colleagues (2008)
OCD like personalities
Slade and Brodie (1994)
Overestimation of body size
Cognitive styles (negative thinking pattern)
Polivy and Herman (19850
The role of cognitive disinhibition, cognitive thoughts inhibits eating.
Bruch (1962)
Body- image distortion hypothesis
WALKER-TESSNER MODEL
ANOREXIA
Genetic Pre-Disposition
Cognitive Vulnerability
Keel (2005)
1. Attentional biases towards food and body
2. Cognitive styles distort reality
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Walker-Tessner Model for AN and DP