Ethical Trading

U.s. Dodd-frank act:
Practical Implications for Lloyd’s
Joe Gunset, General Counsel, Lloyd’s America
John P. Mulhern, Partner, Dewey & LeBoeuf
Steve Yates, Manager, International Regulatory Affairs, Lloyd’s
3.30pm,Tuesday 8th March 2011, Lloyd’s Old Library.
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 Introduction
Sean McGovern
 Reinsurance Business
Joe Gunset
 Surplus Lines Business
John Mulhern
 Next Steps/Communications
Steve Yates
 Questions
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History – A LONG JOURNEY.......
• In the 1990’s post Lloyd’s R&R:
 U.S. Trust Funds established.
 3 years lobbying to secure competitive terms for Surplus Lines
Trust Funds
 Focus on initiating and subsequently progressing international
lobbying effort on funding issues
• Focus during last decade on:
 NAIC and model law reform
 Key states business case rationale for reform
 Need for harmonised implementation of reform at Federal level.
 International dimension, instigated U.S./E.U. dialogue
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• Post financial crisis:
 U.S. changing regulatory dynamic.
 Has triggered a raft of legislation.
 Lloyd’s well positioned to leverage opportunities for change
• Dodd-Frank includes key reforms:
 Created Federal Insurance Office.
 Prospect of International Agreements.
 Nonadmitted and Reinsurance Reform Act (“NRRA”)
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Overview of dodd-frank act insurance provisions
• Created Federal Insurance Office (“FIO”)
 FIO has no direct regulatory authority, but is tasked with
monitoring the insurance industry and assisting in the negotiation
of international agreements
• International Agreements
 Secretary of Treasury and U.S. Trade Representative authorized
to enter into international agreements on prudential regulation
• Nonadmitted and Reinsurance Reform Act (“NRRA”)
 Creates federal mandates regarding how states may regulate
reinsurance and surplus lines transactions
 Effective 21 July 2011
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reinsurance business
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Potential for Federal Level Solution
• Process for Federal Level Collateral Rule
 Treasury and US Trade Representative have authority to negotiate
international agreements on prudential matters
 Once an agreement is in place, FIO Director has authority to
examine and, if appropriate, pre-empt state laws that are
inconsistent with such agreement
• Lloyd’s Position
 Lloyd’s is liaising with Treasury and US Trade Representative and
plans to lobby for an agreement on reinsurance collateral
 We see a federal solution as the best option for nationwide
collateral reduction
 However, we do not expect this process to happen quickly - It will
likely be several months before any significant progress is seen
 There are a number of obstacles - FIO Director has not yet been
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NAIC and State Based Initiatives
 NAIC Reinsurance Task Force has exposed for comment draft
revisions to the model Credit for Reinsurance law and regulation
that would allow for reduced collateral
 The comment period ends 23 March and this issue will be
discussed at the NAIC annual meeting at end of March
• Florida and New York
 Currently have reduced collateral rules in place
• Other states are working to put in place rules similar to
those enacted by Florida and New York
 New Jersey bill recently passed legislature and will become law
if signed by Governor
 Indiana legislation likely to pass this year
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Florida and New York
• Since a nationwide collateral reduction rule is not yet in
place in the US, Lloyd’s is taking advantage of the state
based rules that are in place
 Lloyd’s has filed applications with Florida and New York to be
recognized as an eligible reinsurer under these rules
This will allow underwriters to take advantage of reduced
collateral on a single cedant basis by providing a letter of credit
for a particular cedant in lieu of posting collateral in the CRTF
Cedants receiving LOCs under the reduced collateral rules will
not be covered by the CRTFs or JATFs, to avoid duplication of
Lloyd’s does not intend to set up a separate MBRT for reduced
collateral cedants at this time
It is important to note that Florida has advised that approval for
reduced collateral is currently being limited to property
catastrophe business
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Summary: Impact on Lloyd’s Reinsurance Business
• Pushing for International Agreement
 Lloyd’s is lobbying for an international agreement that would
create nationwide reduced collateral
• Getting Approved Under Current State Rules
 Lloyd’s has applied to be recognized under Florida and New
York’s rules and expects to be approved soon
• Monitoring NAIC and Other State Initiatives
 Lloyd’s will continue to engage with NAIC Reinsurance Task
Force and state regulators to encourage additional collateral
reduction rules
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Surplus Lines business
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Surplus lines: eligibility
• Filings responsibility of both managing agents & Lloyd’s:
 Syndicates make individual state eligibility returns in May each
 Lloyd’s produces in excess of 180 U.S. returns including:
– Eligibility returns state by state
– Supported by transactional data at state level
– Annual filing with the NAIC IID
– Quarterly and annual Trust Fund solvency filings
 Returns include a mixture of financial, statistical & global financial
 Trend towards increased data demands and more intrusive review
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Surplus lines: eligibility
• Under NRRA states cannot prevent brokers from placing
surplus lines business with insurers listed on IID White
• Role of the IID office will therefore be more significant for
alien surplus lines insurers that are listed on the White
 Lloyd’s is liaising with IID concerning potential changes to the
normal 15 May Lloyd’s syndicate filings
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State eligibility requirements
• Important to note that individual states may continue to
request data.
 State regulators ultimately determine IID policy and may want
separate data which may be deemed relevant to in-state activity
 There is a wide variety of state NRRA legislation currently
pending – no two bills are precisely alike –
 State legislation needs to be changed to reflect NRRA but there
is a lack of consistency and many statutes appear to conflict
with NRRA.
 Examples include:
– Creation of a two-tiered system whereby insurers that
continue making state eligibility filing would be “preferred”
– Repealing MAT exemptions
– States are also proposing increases in fees and penalties
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Premium Taxes and Compliance for Placements
• Only the home state can tax and regulate a multistate
surplus lines transaction.
• Home State
 Principal Place of Business or Individual’s Residence; or
 If 100% of risk located outside state described above, state
where greatest percentage of premium is allocable.
• But the NRRA provides that the states can create an
agreement to allocate tax collected on multistate surplus
lines risks.
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Tax Allocation Proposals
• Competing proposals
– NAIC drafted NIMA which addresses only tax allocation – This is
opposed by industry but several states appear to be leaning
towards adoption
– More comprehensive than NIMA – Supported by NAPSLO but
fewer states seem to be following this approach
 Other
– Some states have introduced legislation that simply changes state
law to bring it into compliance with NRRA, however, many of these
state bills appear to have inconsistencies
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How Tax Allocation Affects Lloyd’s
• Not just a SL intermediary/coverholder/broker/XIS
 Data Collection
– Currently, brokers required to report premium tax allocation by state.
Brokers will also be required to begin reporting home state
– Depending on which allocation system, if any, is adopted by the
states Lloyd’s may need to change data collection procedures
– At this point, Lloyd’s does not intend to change or reduce data
collection requirements since it seems likely that some allocation will
be required for multistate surplus lines risks
– NAPSLO published their intent to provide regulators / carriers with
home state only, allocating premium where the home state requires.
– Deciding next steps will require careful consideration taking into
account many factors.
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How Tax Allocation Affects Lloyd’s
• Premium Statistical Reports
 Lloyd’s currently files premium statistical information annually with
U.S. states
 Not clear whether these requirements will change after NRRA
becomes effective
 Since states use this information to reconcile broker filings and
ensure they get the full amount of premium tax, it’s likely these will
continue to be required in some form
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Effect on Lloyd’s Licensed Business
• Lloyd’s is an admitted (licensed) insurer in Kentucky and
• Multistate Risks
 Multistate risk surplus lines placements sometimes include risks
located in Kentucky or Illinois
 For these risks the portion of the premium allocated to Kentucky
or Illinois may be carved out and premium tax paid on an
admitted basis for that portion of the premium
• Admitted Business Will Continue to be Carved Out
 Brokers will need to continue reporting Kentucky and Illinois
admitted business and allocating premium so that Lloyd’s can
pay the appropriate licensed tax
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Potential Implications for master policies/Group Insurance
• Treatment of Group Insurance Under NRRA
 Our view is that the home state for a group insurance policy
under the NRRA definition is the state where the master policy is
issued, though as under current rules, not all states may agree
with this view
• This issue will be addressed in detail as part of a
separate presentation
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Regulatory & political Backdrop
• State Legislation
 States are rushing to change their laws and incorporate the
mandates of NRRA, but much of this legislation is problematic
• Political Pressures
 Extreme budgetary pressures mean states need as much tax
premium as they can get
– Competing models for tax allocation
– Some states may simply keep 100% of the tax
 Changes in Insurance Commissioners and Staff
– New regulators may not have the background on Lloyd’s issues
– Lloyd’s is working to educate regulators and explain the market's
business model
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Summary: Impact on Lloyd’s Surplus Lines Business
• Maintain Eligibility
 For now, Lloyd’s is continuing to make annual eligibility filings with
the IID and, through 2011, individual states
 Going forward, Lloyd’s hopes to be able to reduce required filings
since we are listed on the IID white list
• Continue Data Collection on Allocation of Premium Tax
 Lloyd’s will continue to collect data on allocation of premium taxes
for multistate risks and will make premium statistical filings
 Lloyd’s will continue to allocate premium for admitted business in
Illinois and Kentucky, as may be required, and pay the admitted
premium tax
© Lloyd’s
Summary: Impact on Lloyd’s Surplus Lines Business
• Engage with NAIC and State Regulators
 Lloyd’s is liaising with the IID and state regulators to ensure that
any changes in filing requirements take into account Lloyd’s
unique structure
• Requires that Lloyd’s gives greater emphasis to its
relationship with the NAIC IID office and supervising
• Lloyd’s will continue to monitor and review position
regarding Master/Group policy business & consult with
market where necessary
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Next steps
• Lloyd’s will:
 Continue to engage with U.S. regulators at state and federal level
to ensure Surplus Lines eligibility and compliance burden on
Lloyd’s market is kept to a minimum.
 Drive forward relief at state level on reinsurance collateral reform
 Seek Federal solution for nationwide collateral reduction
 Continue to monitor and review position regarding Master/Group
policy business
 Review impact upon Kentucky & Illinois admitted business and
consult with market where necessary.
© Lloyd’s
Regulatory Communications
Continued engagement with key sector groups in London & U.S.
Targeted communications advising progress
Repository of useful information accessed via dedicated page under
“Key Projects” on “ Regulatory communications” page. This
 Title V of the Dodd-Frank Act and summary of key provisions
 Regulatory updates addressing Dodd-Frank
 Letter to managing agents, dated 14 February, 2011 detailing Lloyd’s
 Detailed timeline of key events and planned communications
Next planned communications:
Market communication – Update on Lloyd’s state level
collateral applications
Market bulletin – detailed guidance on practical
implementation of state level collateral arrangements
Market bulletin – setting out approach to data collection
after 21 July 2011, NRRA effective date
© Lloyd’s
© Lloyd’s
This document is intended for general information purposes only.
Whilst all care has been taken to ensure the accuracy of the information, Lloyd’s does not accept any
responsibility for any errors and omissions. Lloyd’s does not accept any responsibility or liability for
any loss to any person acting or refraining from action as the result of, but not limited to, any
© Lloyd’s
statement, fact, figure, expression of opinion or belief in this document.
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