ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS

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ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
WELCOME
TO
ADVANCED READING
AND
COMPREHENSION SKILLS
1
ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
OBJECTIVES OF THE
COURSE:
• Identify and Break Old Habits
• Introduce New Techniques to:
– Improve Comprehension
– Increase Speed
– Develop Flexible Strategy
2
ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
BENEFITS TO PARTICIPANTS:
• Process More Information
• In Less Time
• With Greater Understanding
3
ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
ERR = EFFECTIVE READING RATE
wpm
x comp %
ERR
Example:
200 wpm
x .60 % comp
120.00 (Round Off)
ERR = 120
4
ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
LEARNING TO READ PROCESS
• Crawl Stage = Letter Identification
• Walk Stage = Word Identification
• Running Stage = Meaning Identification
5
ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
SLOWING HABITS
• Single Word Eye Fixations
• Subvocalization
• Regression
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ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
SINGLE WORD EYE
FIXATIONS
IN
THE
EAST
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ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
SUBVOCALIZATION
• Physically Saying Words
See Spot Run
• Mentally Hearing Words
See Spot Run
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ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
REGRESSION
• Involuntary - Unconscious Regressive
Eye Movements
Let Us Talk About
Us Talk About Involuntary Regression
Involuntary Regression First.
Regression First.
9
ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
REGRESSION
• Voluntary - Conscious Decision
to Re-Read Due to Lack of
Concentration
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ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
CHUNKING
• Focus on Meaningful Groups of Words
• 2 Types
– Slow Chunking for Difficult or New
Material (300 - 400 wpm)
– Fast Chunking for Easy or Familiar
Material (400 - 600 wpm)
11
ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
Efficient readers are able to read
in groups of words.
Efficient readers are
able to read
in groups of words.
12
ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
THREE BENEFITS
• Improves
– Idea Input, not Word Input
• Increases
– Fewer Eye Stops
• Helps You Fill
“He did it immed_ _ _ _ _”
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ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
READ LIKE YOU THINK
• Your Eyes See:
“The bear was chasing the man.”
• Your Brain Visualizes:
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ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
THE
ARE:
• Increased Comprehension
• Better Retention
• Reduced Need to Regress
15
SKILL SUMMARY
Eliminate Slowing Habits of:
• Single Word Eye Fixations
• Subvocalization
• Regression
– Involuntary
– Voluntary
by
Chunking
for
Meaning
Slow Chunking
300 - 400 wpm
Fast Chunking
400 - 600 wpm
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ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
SKILL BUILDING CURVE
4.0
Improvement Factor
3.5
3.0
2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0
.50
0
I
II
III
IV
Sessions
17
ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
PERIPHERAL VISION
More Words = Increased Meaning
The maple tree turned orange.
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ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
PUNCTUATION
Divides Words into Meaningful
Groups
In the east, the sun began to rise.
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ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
In the east, the sun began to rise.
location
event
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ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
the voter said the politician is a fool
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ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
The voter said, “The politician is a fool.”
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ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
“The voter,”said the politician,
“is a fool.”
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ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
COMPREHENSION LAG
Speed
Speed
Comprehension
Comprehension
Present Reading Skills
Reading Skills After Training
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ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
CONCENTRATION
Focusing Your Attention . . .
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ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
COMPREHENSION WITHOUT
HEARING
NO SMOKING
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ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
RECOGNIZE 49 COMMON
WORDS
As You Would Other Symbols or Signs
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ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
CONCENTRATION IMPROVES
WITH:
• Chunking for Meaning
• Using Peripheral Vision
• Noticing Punctuation Marks
• Hearing Only Key Words
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ADVANCED READING & COMPREHENSION SKILLS
CHUNKING
• Focus on Meaningful Groups of Words
• 2 Types
– Slow Chunking for Difficult or New
Material (300 - 400 wpm)
– Fast Chunking for Easy or Familiar
Material (400 - 600 wpm)
29
SKILL SUMMARY
Eliminate Slowing Habits of:
• Single Word Eye Fixations
• Subvocalization
• Regression
– Involuntary
– Voluntary
by
Slow Chunking
300 - 400 wpm
Peripheral
Vision
Chunking
for
Meaning
Gain Further
Speed By
Comprehension without
Hearing
Fast Chunking
400 - 600 wpm
Punctuation
30
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