恋爱中人人都是诗人

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Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
Marriage Across Nations
New Horizon College English
Book 2
Unit 3
I.
Pre-activities 
II. Watch and Discuss
III. Cultural differences 
IV. Fun Time 
V.
Text
VI. Compound Dictation 
New Horizon College English
Book 2
Unit 3
I. Proverbs 
II. Lead-in Questions 
III. Listen and Answer 
IV. Meaning Guess
New Horizon College English
Book 2
Unit 3
Proverbs Related to Love
Every man is a poet when he is in love.
恋爱中人人都是诗人。
Love is the joint experience between two persons.
爱情是两个人之间的一种共享体验。
Love me, love my dog.
爱屋及乌。
New Horizon College English
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Unit 3
All shall be well and Jack shall have Jill.
有情人终成眷属。
Beauty is in the eye of the beholder.
情人眼里出西施。
Love makes the world go around.
爱使世界运转
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Unit 3
1. Look at these photos of some celebrities.
Can you recognize them?
2.Do you know something about their families?
3.What do you call such marriages?
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Unit 3
Wei Wei’s (韦唯) former husband is a
famous Swedish composer. Echo’s(三毛)
husband is a Spanish professional diver.
Jiang Wen’s (姜文) former wife is a
French lady. And Shi Ke’s (史可) husband
is a Swiss banker. Their marriages can be
called marriages across nations.
New Horizon College English
Book 2
Unit 3
First Listening
Please listen to a short passage carefully and prepare to
answer some questions.
Second Listening
Listen to the tape again. Then answer the following
questions with your own experiences.
1. For what two reasons did Gail and Mark live
together?
They had learned to understand and respect
each other and wanted to marry for the right
reasons..
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2. How did Gail’s father and mother react to
the news about the wedding plans?
Gail’s mother supported her. But her father
thought Mark might be using this marriage to
obtain United States citizenship.
3. In what ways are Gail’s and her father’s
views different?
His strong-willed daughter thought doubt meant
no action; she would rather act now and worry
later. Her father reminded her it was never too
late to change her mind.
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Unit 3
Gail and Mark lived together for two years to get to know
each other before they decided to marry. They wanted to marry
for the right reasons. Hearing news of wedding plans, Gail’s
mother, who was supportive of her daughter’s marrying a
black man, told her to be very certain Mark was the right lifelong partner. Gail’s father thought Mark might be using this
marriage to obtain United States citizenship. Gail’s father used
statistics about mixed marriages, his counseling experience and
children’s problems to warn his daughter she was rushing into
marriage without thinking enough about it. His strong-willed
daughter thought doubt meant no action; she would rather act
now and worry later. Her father reminded her it was never too
late to change her mind.
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Unit 3
Watch and Discuss
Watch the video and then discuss
the topics as follows:
1. What may constitute barriers for
one to marry his or her true love?
2. What are your criteria for choosing
your Mr. Right or Miss. Right?
key
tip
s
Book 2
Unit 3
New Horizon College English
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
What may constitute barriers for one to marry
his or her true love?
There are many factors for the failure to
marry one’s true love. Apart from cultural
differences, some other factors exert great
influence on one’s marriage. To start with,
the racial difference is one of the biggest
obstacles to one’s marriage.
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Unit 3
Many lovers, driven by the true love for each
other, go through diverse difficulties and
hardships, only to part with each other in
the end, just like the young couple shown in
the video. Besides, the different family
backgrounds sometimes prevent the lovers
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New Horizon College English
Unit 3
from getting married because they meet
with resistance from their families. As
confirmed in the video, the man’s father
said “I’d rather see you dead than know you
were with that white girl.”
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Unit 3
What are your criteria for choosing
your Mr. Right or Miss. Right?
Look at Mary’s 20 criteria for choosing her Mr. Right:
⑴ good to talk to,
⑵ not wimpy (懦弱的,无用的,哭哭啼啼的; ),
⑶
⑷
⑸
⑹
⑺
⑻
⑼
gentle—not a “hard man”,
no temper,
responsible,
not passive,
willing to take more risk,
able,
share things,
⑽ confident,
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⑾
⑿
⒀
⒁
⒂
⒃
⒄
⒅
⒆
smile,
want to talk to you,
use money wisely,
not stingy—generous,
trust,
decisive,
cope with crying,
mature,
a man (男子汉)
⒇ sense of humor
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Unit 3
Cultural differences 
Chinese and Western
Weddings
a. Divide the whole class into
two groups.
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Unit 3
b. Students in one of the groups
do a research and collect
information about the structure
of the western wedding, while
students in the other group do a
research and collect information
of the Chinese wedding.
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Unit 3
c. Each group works out an
outline of the procedures
and arrangements of the
western and Chinese
wedding.
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Unit 3
d. Assign each member of
your group a role. The roles
are, for example, bride, groom,
pastor/minister/host/spokesp
erson, groomsman/best man,
bridesmaid, parents, relatives,
friends, etc.
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Unit 3
Traditional Western Wedding Ceremony
Entrance of the bride and groom and
wedding party.
(The bride is accompanied by her
father and the father gives the bride
to her future husband.)
Music, literature and poetry or wedding
reading from the Bible.
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Attendants or witnesses to sign
the wedding certificate or
marriage license.
Exchange of Wedding Vows.
Exchange of wedding rings or
gifts.
Pastor prays for the couple and
declares them husband and wife.
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A first kiss as a married couple.
The bride throws her bouquet to the
unmarried female guests.
A reception (cutting wedding
cake and toasting each other).
(adapted from
http://weddings.about.com/od/yourweddingceremony/a/Sa
mpleCeremony.htm)
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Unit 3
Traditional Chinese Wedding Ceremony
The groom's family send out a
procession of servants, musicians and
a carriage which is carried by four
servants to the bride's family to
bring the bride back to the groom’s
house to perform the marriage ceremony
witnessed by all the relatives and
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The bride and groom worship the
heavens and the earth, the groom's
ancestors.
The bride and groom serve tea to all of
their superiors in the family.
The superiors give the couple red
packages with monetary gifts and wish
them
well. family throws a huge feast
The groom's
for the friends and relatives to
celebrate the wedding.
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The wedding host oversees the whole
process and keeps toasting the couple.
After the meal, the newly wed couple
returns to the bridal room and some
naughty friends may tag along and play
tricks on the groom.
The couple drinks and toasts and the
host offers sweets and fruits to the
couple to wish them long life and
lots of kids.
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The couple is finally left with
themselves and the groom can take
off the red cloth that covers the
bride's face.
(adapted from Chinese Wedding Customs:
http://www.chinese-poems.com/wedcus.html)
New Horizon College English
Book 2
Unit 3
Culture Knowledge
Wedding Vows
The mere mention of the word marriage
makes you imagine a couple standing at
church door exchanging their wedding vows.
But are these vows really life long or no, one
really doesn't know. The vow which they
exchange is "till death do us part" but it is
only after a short period of marriage that
their vow show its true colors.
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Unit 1
Now let’s take a look at some samples
of wedding vows:
I, (Bride/Groom), take you (Groom/Bride),
to be my (wife/husband), to have and to
hold from this day forward, for better or for
worse, for richer, for poorer, in sickness and
in health, to love and to cherish; from this
day forward until death do us part.
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In the presence of God, our family and
friends, I offer you my solemn vow to be
your faithful partner in sickness and in
health, in good
times and in bad,
and in joy as
well as in sorrow.
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I promise to love you unconditionally, to
support you in your goals, to honor and
respect you, to laugh with you and cry
with you, and to cherish you for as long
as we both shall live.
(adapted from
http://weddings.about.com/cs/bridesandgroom
s/a/vowwording.htm)
New Horizon College English
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Unit 3
Fun Time 
A Song—My Love
Do you know
who they are?
Tell something
about them.
(Lyrics)
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New Horizon College English
New Horizon College English
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Unit 3
My Love
An empty street
_____
An empty ______
house
heart
A hole inside my ______
I’m all ______and
the rooms are getting smaller
alone
why
I wonder how, I wonder ____
I wonder where they are
together
The days we had, the songs we sang ____
And oh my love
forever
I’m holding on _______
Reaching for a love that seems so far
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prayer
So I say a little ____
And hope my dreams will take me ____
there
Where the skies are blue
To see you once again, my love
Over seas from coast to ____
coast
To find the place I love the most
green
Where the fields are _____
To see you once again, my love
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I try to ____
read
I go to _____
work
I am laughing with my ______
friends
But I can’t stop to keep myself from thinking
_____
I wonder how, I wonder why
I wonder where they are
The days we had, the songs we sang together
And oh my love
I am holding on forever
Reaching for a love that ______so
seems far
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So I say a little prayer
And hope my _______will
take me there
dreams
Where the skies are blue
To see you once again, my love
Over seas from coast to coast
To find the place I love the most
Where the _______are
green
fields
To see you once again, my love
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(Repeat chorus)
To hold you in my arms
To ________
promise you my love
To tell you from the heart
______
You’re all I am thinking of
I am reaching
_______ for a love that seems so far
New Horizon College English
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Unit 3
Meaning Guess
Guess the Real
Meaning of
Husband , Wife
and
Family
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Book 2
Unit 3
For example
w-washing
i- …
f- …
e- …
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Unit 3
WIFE
W ——
washing
I ——
ironing
F ——
E ——
food
entertaining
OR
W —— witch 美女
I —— intelligent 聪明伶俐的
F —— faithful 忠实的
E —— everyday 每一天
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HUSBAND
H ——
U ——
S ——
B ——
A ——
N ——
D ——
housing 有房子
understanding 有心灵相通
sharing 有分享的喜悦
buying 有钱买想要的东西
and 还有
never 绝对不
demanding 要求太高的
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FAMILY
F ——
father
A ——
and
M —— mother
I
I ——
L ——
love
Y ——
you
New Horizon College English
Book 2
Unit 3
New Words
Text Learning
Paragraph Writing
English Equivalents of Chinese
Text Understanding
New Horizon College English
Book 2
Unit 3
1. character
2. compromise
3. involved
4. subtle
5. hatred
6. illusion
7. married
8. mutual
9. compatible
incompatible
n.
n./v.
a.
a.
n.
n.
a.
a.
a.
a.
性格,个性; 特点, 特征
妥协;折中
卷入的; 受牵连的, 受影响的
微妙的,细微的
痛恨,憎恨
幻觉;错觉
已婚的
相互的; 共同的
合得来的;兼容的;配套的
合不来的;不兼容的
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10. overlook
11. expectation
12. painful
13. divorce
14. bud
budding
15. resistance
16. supportive
17. grand
vt.
n.
a.
n./v.
忽略;俯视;眺望
[C, U] 期待;预料
痛苦的
[C, U] 离婚
vi./n. 发芽,萌芽;芽, 花蕾
a. 刚开始的
n.
a.
a.
抵制;反对;抵抗;对抗
支持的;支援的
表示“隔一代的” ;壮丽的
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grandchild
18. congratulation
19. counsel
20. date
21. subsequent
subsequently
22. harbor
23. reservation
24. prejudice
n.
n.
vt.
vt.
a.
ad.
vt./n.
n.
n.
(外)孙;(外)孙女
(~s) 祝贺;道喜
劝告;忠告
与······约会
后来的;随后的
后来;接着
(BrE harbour) 心怀;港口
存疑;保留; 预订
偏见;成见
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25. charm
charming
26. son-in-law
vt./n. 使陶醉;[U]魅力;吸引力
a. 迷人的;有魅力的
n. [C]女婿
27. caring
28. indication
29. confirm
30. citizenship
31. suspect
32. harsh
a.
n.
vt./v.
n.
vt./n.
a.
关心的, 善解人意的
[C, U]迹象
证实;证明;确定;确认
[U]公民身份;公民权利
怀疑;[C]嫌疑犯
严厉的;苛刻的;刺耳的
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33. hesitate
34. cancel
35. proceed
36. quote
37. hardship
38. racist
39. realistic
40. devotion
41. idealistic
vi.
vt.
vi.
v./n.
n.
n.
a.
n.
a.
犹豫;踌躇;迟疑
取消
继续进行
引用, 引述;引语, 引文
[C, U]艰难;困苦
[C]种族主义者
实际的;现实的
[U]挚爱;热爱;忠诚
理想主义的;理想化的
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42. resolve
vt.
ups and downs
work out
for a time
meet with
all along
have nothing to do with
on the surface
at one’s worst
解决; 解除; 决定; 决心
盛衰; 沉浮
以某种方式发展
暂时; 一度
遭遇; 遇到
始终
与······无关
表面上; 外表上
最差的时候; 最糟糕的时候
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learn of
take care of
proceed to do sth.
Gail
Deborah
获悉;听说
负责;处理
接着做某事
盖尔 (女子名)
德博拉 (女子名)
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Unit 3
Marriage Across Nations
Para. 1 Gail and I imagined a
quiet wedding. During our two
years together we had experienced the
usual ups and downs of a couple learning
to know, understand, and respect each
other. But through it all we had honestly
confronted the weaknesses and strengths
of each other’s characters.
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Para. 2 Our racial and cultural differences
enhanced our relationship and taught us a
great deal about tolerance, compromise, and
being open with each other. Gail sometimes
wondered why I and other blacks were so
involved with the racial issue, and I was
surprised that she seemed to forget the
subtler forms of racial hatred in American
society.
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Para. 3 Gail and I had no illusions about
what the future held for us as a married,
mixed couple in America. The continual
source of our strength was our mutual
trust and respect.
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Para. 4a We wanted to avoid the mistake
made by many couples of marrying for the
wrong reasons, and only finding out ten,
twenty, or thirty years later that they were
incompatible, that they hardly took the time
to know each other, that they overlooked
serious personality conflicts in the expectation
that marriage was an automatic way to make
everything work out right. 句型 句型
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Para. 4b That point was
emphasized by the fact that Gail’s
parents, after thirty-five years of
marriage, were going through a
bitter and painful divorce, which
had destroyed Gail and for a time
had a negative effect on our
budding relationship.
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Para. 5 When Gail spread the news of our
wedding plans to her family she met with some
resistance. Her mother, Deborah, all along had
been supportive of our relationship, and even
joked about when we were going to get
married so she could have grandchildren.
Instead of congratulations upon hearing our
news, Deborah counseled Gail to be really sure
she was doing the right thing. 句型
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Para. 6 “So it was all
right for me to date him,
but it’s wrong for me to
marry him. Is his color the
problem, Mom? ” Gail subsequently
told me she had asked her mother.
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Unit 3
Para. 7a “To start with I must admit that at
first I harbored reservations about a mixed
marriage, prejudices you might even call
them. But when I met Mark I found him a
charming and intelligent young guy. Any
mother would be proud to have him for a
son-in-law. So, color has nothing to do with
it.
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Para. 7b Yes, my friends talk. Some even
express shock at what you are doing. But
they live in a different world. So you see,
Mark’s color is not the problem. My biggest
worry is that you may be marrying Mark for
the same wrong reasons that I married your
father. 句型
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Para. 7c When we met I saw him as my
beloved, intelligent, charming, and caring. It
was all so new, all so exciting, and we both
thought, on the surface at least, that ours was
an ideal marriage with every indication that it
would last forever. I realized only later that I
didn’t know my beloved, your father, very
well when we married.”
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Para. 8 “But Mark and I have been together
more than two years,” Gail railed. “We’ve been
through so much together. We’ve seen each
other at our worst many times. I’m sure that
time will only confirm what we feel deeply
about each other.”
Para. 9 “You may be right. But I still think that
waiting won’t hurt. You’re only twenty-five.”
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Para. 10a Gail’s father, David,
whom I had not yet met
personally, approached our
decision with a father-knows-best attitude.
He basically asked the same questions as
Gail’s mother: “Why the haste? Who is this
Mark? What’s his citizenship status? ”
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Para. 10b And when he learned of my
problems with the citizenship department, he
immediately suspected that I was marrying
his daughter in order to remain in the United
States.
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Para. 11 “But Dad, that’s harsh,” Gail said.
Para. 12 “Then why the rush?” he asked
repeatedly.
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Para. 13 “Mark has had problems with
citizenship before and has always taken care
of them himself,” Gail defended. “In fact, he
made it very clear when we were discussing
marriage that if I had any doubts about
anything, I should not hesitate to cancel our
plans. 句型 ”
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Para. 14 Her father proceeded to quote
statistics showing that mixed couples had
higher divorce rates than couples of the same
race and gave examples of mixed couples he
had counseled who were having marital
difficulties.
Para. 15 “Have you thought about the
hardships your children could go through?”
he asked.
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Para. 16 “Dad, are you a racist? ”
Para. 17 “No, of course not. But you have to
be realistic.”
Para. 18 “Maybe our children will have some
problems, but whose children don’t? But one
thing they’ll always have: our love and
devotion.”
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Para. 19 “That’s idealistic. People can be very
cruel toward children from mixed marriages.”
Para. 20 “Dad, we’ll worry about that when
the time comes. If we had to resolve all doubt
before we acted, very little would ever get
done. 句型”
Para. 21 “Remember, it’s never too late to
change your mind.”
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跨国婚姻
Para. 1. 我和盖尔计划举行一个不事张扬的婚礼。
在相处的两年中,我们的关系经历了起伏,这是
一对情侣在学着相互了解、理解和尊重时常常出
现的。但在这整整两年间,我们坦诚地面对彼此
性格中的弱点和优点。
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Para. 2 我们之间的种族及文化差异不但增
强了我们的关系,还教会了我们要彼此宽容、
谅解和开诚布公。盖尔有时不明白为何我和
其他黑人如此关注种族问题,而我感到吃惊
的是,她好像忘记了美国社会中种族仇恨种
种微妙的表现形式。
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Para. 3 对于成为居住在美国、异族通
婚的夫妻,我和盖尔对未来没有不切实
际的幻想。相互信任和尊重才是我们俩
永不枯竭的力量源泉。
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Para. 4a 许多夫妻因为错误的理由结了婚,
结果在10年、20年或30年后才发觉他们原
来是合不来的。他们在婚前几乎没有花时
间去互相了解,他们忽视了严重的性格差
异,指望婚姻会自然而然地解决各种问题。
我们希望避免重蹈覆辙。
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Para. 4b 事实更说明了这一点:已经结
婚35年的盖尔的父母正经历着一场充满
怨恨、令人痛苦的婚变,这件事给盖尔
带来了很大打击, 并一度给我们正处于
萌芽状态的关系造成了负面影响。
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Para. 5 当盖尔把我们计划举办婚礼的消息
告诉家人时,她遇到了一些阻力。她的母
亲德博拉过去一直赞成我们的关系,甚至
还开过玩笑,问我们打算何时结婚,这样
她就可以抱外孙了。但这次听到我们要结
婚的消息时,她没有向我们表示祝贺,反
而劝盖尔想清楚自己的决定是否正确。
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Para. 6
“这么说我跟他约会没错,
但是如果我跟他结婚,就错了。妈
妈,是不是因为他的肤色?”盖尔后
来告诉我她曾这样问她母亲。
New Horizon College English
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Para. 7a “首先我必须承认,刚开始时我
对异族通婚是有保留意见的,也许你甚至
可以把这称为偏见。但是当我见到马克时,
我发现他是一个既讨人喜欢又聪明的年轻
人。任何一个母亲都会因为有这样一个女
婿而感到脸上有光的。所以,这事跟肤色
没有关系。
New Horizon College English
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Unit 3
Para. 7b 是的,我的朋友们会说闲话。
有些朋友甚至对你所做的事表示震惊。但
他们的生活与我们的不同。因此你要明白,
马克的肤色不是问题。我最大的担心是你
也许跟我当初嫁给你爸爸一样,为了错误
的原因而嫁给马克。
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
Para. 7c 当年我和你爸爸相遇时,在我眼中,
他可爱、 聪明、富有魅力又善解人意。一切
都是那么新鲜、那么令人兴奋。而且我们两人
都认为,我们的婚姻是理想婚姻,至少表面上
看是如此,而且一切迹象都表明我们的婚姻会
天长地久。直到后来我才明白,在我们结婚时,
我并不十分理解我所爱的人——你的爸爸。”
New Horizon College English
Book 2
Unit 3
Para. 8 “但是我和马克呆在一起已有两年多
了,”盖尔抱怨道。“我们俩一起经历了许许
多多的事情。我们彼此多次看到对方最糟糕的
一面。我可以肯定时间只能证明我们是彼此深
情相爱的。”
Para. 9 “你也许是对的。但我还是认为再等一
等没坏处。你才25岁。”
New Horizon College English
Book 2
Unit 3
Para. 10a 盖尔的父亲戴维 —— 我
还未见过他的面 —— 以知事莫若父
的态度对待我们的决定。他问的问题
基本上和盖尔母亲的问题相同:“干
吗这么匆忙? 这个马克是什么人? 他
是什么公民身份?”
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
Para.10b 当他得知我办公民身份遇
到了问题时,就怀疑我是因为想留
在美国而娶他女儿的。
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
Para. 11 “不过爸爸,你这话讲得太难
听了,”盖尔说。
Para. 12 “那么干吗要这样着急?”他重
复地问。
New Horizon College English
Book 2
Unit 3
Para. 13 “马克是有公民身份方面的问题,
但他总是在自己处理这些问题,”盖尔辩
解道。“事实上,当我们在讨论结婚的时
候,他清楚地表明了一点:如果我对任何
事情有怀疑, 我完全可以取消我们的计
划。”
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
Para. 14 她父亲开始引用统计数据说明
异族通婚的离婚率比同族结婚的要高,
而且还列举了接受过他咨询的、在婚姻
上有麻烦的异族通婚夫妇的例子。
Para. 15 他问道:“你考虑过你将来的
孩子可能会遭受的苦难吗?”
New Horizon College English
Book 2
Unit 3
Para. 16 “爸爸,你是种族主义者吗? ”
Para. 17 “不,当然不是。但你必须得现
实一点。”
Para. 18 “也许我们的孩子会遇到一些问
题。但谁的孩子不会呢? 可是有一样东西
他们将会永远拥有,那就是我们的爱。”
New Horizon College English
Book 2
Unit 3
Para. 19 “那是理想主义的想法。人们对异族
通婚生下的孩子是会很残酷的。”
Para. 20 “爸爸,到时候我们自己会操心的。
但是假如我们在做什么事之前,就必须把所有
的疑难问题全部解决的话,那么我们几乎什么
都干不成了。”
Para. 21 “记住,你什么时候改变主意都不
晚。”
New Horizon College English
Book 2
Unit 3
盛衰;浮沉
ups and downs
回首往事,夫妇二人庆幸彼此互相扶助、共同
经历了人生的起起落落。
Looking back on the past, the couple felt
lucky that they could stick up for each other
through the ups and downs in life.
New Horizon College English
Book 2
Unit 3
开诚布公
to be open with each other
作为朋友,我们要开诚布公,而不是相互猜疑。
As friends, we should be open with each
other rather than feel doubtful about one
another.
New Horizon College English
Book 2
Unit 3
热衷于某事
to be involved with sth.
她过分热衷于打探他人的隐私,因而
与人处不好关系。
She is too involved with others’ privacy to be
on good terms with people.
New Horizon College English
Book 2
Unit 3
对······(不)抱幻想
to have/harbor
(no) illusions
about …
男孩尽管意识到女孩不喜欢他, 但仍
对他们的爱情前景抱有幻想。
The boy, though aware of the girl’s dislike for
him, harbored illusions about the prospects
of their love.
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
对某人/事意味着······
to hold … for sb./sth.
一个人的未来如何将与其今天所做的努力
息息相关。
What the future holds for one will rest most
with what effort one makes today.
New Horizon College English
Book 2
Unit 3
以某种方式发展
to work out
我们要做最坏的打算,因为事情不可
能像预料的那样发展。
We need to prepare for the worst, for things
may not work out as expected.
New Horizon College English
Book 2
Unit 3
支持,赞成
to be supportive of
她虽然赞同儿子的志向,但对其做法看不惯。
Supportive of her son’s ambition, she
frowned upon his way of doing things.
New Horizon College English
Book 2
Unit 3
对······持保留意见
to harbor
reservations
about…
他服从多数人的意见,但对此决定仍持保留意见。
He submitted to the majority, but still
harbored reservations about the decision.
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
有某人/物作······
to have sb./sth. for…
总的说来,那些喜欢拿父母当靠山的人往
往表现出强烈的优越感。
In general, those who love having their
parents for backers tend to show a strong
sense of superiority.
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
最差的时候;最糟糕的时候
at one’s worst
任何人一旦被卷入爱河,总希望心上人看到自
己最好的一面,而不是最糟的一面。
Anyone, once involved in the river of love,
always wishes his sweetheart to see him at his
best rather than at his worst.
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
许多夫妻因为错误的理由结了婚, 结果在10年、
20年或30年后才发觉他们原来是合不来的。他
们······。我们希望避免重蹈覆辙。
We wanted to avoid the mistake made by
many couples of marrying for the wrong
reasons, and only finding out ten, twenty, or
thirty years later that they were
incompatible, that ...
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
One avoids the mistake made by the other of
doing sth. for the wrong reasons, and only
finding out some time later that … 他人因为
错误原因做了某事,结果过段时间后才发
觉······ 某人避免了重蹈覆辙。
用于表述“某人不重蹈他人的覆辙 ”。
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
发达国家由于错误原因追
求经济增长,结果多年后
才发觉他们得不偿失。中
国应设法避免重蹈覆辙。
China should manage to avoid the mistake made
seek
economic
growthof/ one’s
gain
/ one’s
by
developed
countries
seeking
economic
growth
the wrong
andtoonly finding
loss / befor
smaller
thanreasons,
/ manage
out many years later that their gain was smaller
than their loss.
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
······ 他们忽视了严重的性格差异,指望婚姻会自
然而然地解决各种问题。
… they overlooked serious personality
conflicts in the expectation that marriage
was an automatic way to make everything
work out right.
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
Sb. does sth. in the expectation that … 某人
做某事,期望/指望着······
用于表述“某人做某事时的期望或目的” 。
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
许多学生从大学毕业时, 指
望很快能找到称心的工作。
Many students graduate from college in the
expectation that they can soon land jobs in
accordance with their wishes.
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
听到我们要结婚的消息时,她没有向我们表示祝
贺,反而劝盖尔想清楚自己的决定是否正确。
Instead of congratulations upon hearing
our news, Deborah counseled Gail to be
really sure she was doing the right thing.
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
Instead of (doing) sth. upon doing…, sb. do
sth. else. 一 ······,某人并不做······,而是······
用于表述“某人的反常规做法 ”。
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
听到别人说闲话, 他并没有
大发雷霆, 而是一笑置之。
Instead of blowing his top at others’ gossip,
he shrugged it off with a laugh.
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
我最大的担心是你也许跟我当初嫁给你爸爸一样,
为了错误的原因而嫁给马克。
My biggest worry is that you may be
marrying Mark for the same wrong
reasons that I married your father.
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
One’s biggest worry is that the other may do
sth. (else) for the same wrong reason that one
did sth. 某人最大的担心,是另一人也许跟自己
当初做某事一样,为了错误的原因而做某事(另
一事)。
用于表述“担心某人犯同样的错误 ”。
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
我最大的担心, 是我弟弟也会像我当初
干蠢事一样,为了错误的原因而做傻事。
My biggest worry is that my brother may do
a dumb thing for the same wrong reasons
that I ever did something stupid.
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
事实上,当我们在讨论结婚的时候,他清楚地表
明了一点:如果我对任何事情有怀疑, 我完全可
以取消我们的计划。
In fact, he made it very clear when we
were discussing marriage that if I had any
doubts about anything, I should not
hesitate to cancel our plans.
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
Sb. makes it clear when … that … 在······时,
某人清楚地表明一点:······
用于表述“某人在某事上的态度 ”。
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
谈到大学生活时,他清楚地明确一点:学习上
没有目标如同开车没有方向盘。
He made it clear when it came to college life
that having no compass in study is like
driving with no steering wheel.
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
假如我们在做任何事情之前,必须把所有的疑难问
题全部解决的话,那么我们几乎就什么都干不成了。
If we had to resolve all doubt before we acted,
very little would ever get done.
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
If sb. have to do sth. before sb. do sth,
else, … (否定意义的主句) 在······之前,假如必
须做······,那么······
用于表述“某人不赞同某种做法 ”。
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
假如在启动一个项目前必须解决所有问
题, 那么实施此计划将没有多大意义。
If all the problems have to be tackled before
a project is launched, there would be little
point in implementing it.
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
1. 面对某人的弱点和长
处
confront the weaknesses
and strengths of sb.
enhance our relationship
2. 增强我们的关系
3. 仇恨微妙的表现形式 subtle forms of hatred
4. 永不枯竭的力量源泉 the continual source of strength
take the time to do sth.
5. 花时间去做······
6. 经历一场痛苦的婚变 go through a painful divorce
for a time
7. 一度
8. 造成负面影响
have a negative effect on
9. 处于萌芽状态的关系 a budding relationship
spread the news to one’s family
10. 把消息告知家人
Book 2
Unit 3
11. 建议某人做某事
12. 跟某事无关
13. 表面上
14. 以诚恳的态度对待
某事
15. 获悉;听说
New Horizon College English
counsel sb. to do sth.
have nothing to do with sth.
on the surface
approach sth. with an
honest attitude
learn of …
16. 在······方面有问题 have problems with
take care of …
17. 负责;处理
make it very clear that …
18. 清楚地表明
proceed to do sth.
19. 接着做某事
20. 解决全部疑难问题 resolve all doubt
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
21. 对······(不)抱幻
想
22. 热衷于某事
to have (no) illusions about …
23. 以某种方式发展
to work out
24. 支持,赞成
to be involved with sth.
to be supportive of
25. 对······持保留意 to harbor reservations
见
about…
New Horizon College English
Book 2
Unit 3
Paragraph Writing
Writing
写作模式
写作实践
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
Stating One Idea
Correcting or Rejecting the Idea
Presenting a New Idea
Giving an Example
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
Stating One Idea: The paragraph begins with
the statement of one viewpoint.
Correcting or Rejecting the Idea: Then the
writer corrects or rejects the aforementioned
idea.
Presenting a New Idea: What follows is a new
idea presented by the writer.
Giving an Example: Finally, the writer supplies
an example to support his or her new idea.
New Horizon College English
Book 2
Unit 3
Example:
Example:
“To start with I must admit that at first I
harbored reservations about a mixed
marriage, prejudices you might even call
them. (Stating one idea) But when I met
Mark I found him a charming and
intelligent young guy. Any mother would be
proud to have him for a son-in-law. So, color
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
has nothing to do with it. (Correcting the idea)
Yes, my friends talk. Some even express shock
at what you are doing. (Stating another idea)
But they live in a different world. So you see,
Mark’s color is not the problem. (Rejecting
the idea) My biggest worry is that you may be
marrying Mark for the same wrong reasons
that I married your father. (Presenting a new
idea)
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
When we met I saw him as my beloved,
intelligent, charming, and caring. It was all
so new, all so exciting, and we both thought,
on the surface at least, that ours was an
ideal marriage with every indication that it
would last forever. I realized only later that
I didn’t know my beloved, your father, very
well when we married.” (Giving an example
to support the idea)
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
写作实践
Directions: Have a look at the outline and
the sample paragraph below which starts
with a correction of one idea and goes on to
present another idea.
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
Topic: Online learning
Correction of one idea:
● some people’s idea: online learning, easy
● online learning not as easy as these
people think
Another idea:
● only a convenient way of education, not
an easy way
● facts to support my idea
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
not an easier way. (Presenting a new idea)
In fact, many students say it requires much
more time and effort. Requirements for
online courses are not less than those of
any quality program. (Giving the facts to
support the idea)
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
[Sample Composition]
Some people think that online learning
would make learning easier for everyone as
we can learn at any time and at any place.
(Stating one idea) But when I started online
learning I found it not as easy as others
think. (Correcting the idea) I would say
that online learning is just a convenient
way to receive education —
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
Why did we decide to get married?
Gail and I had experienced ups
___ and downs
_____
know
in two years, now we come to _____,
understand
_________ and respect
_________ each other.
We confronted weaknesses
__________ and ________
strengths
of each other’s character. We have learnt to
compromising and open
be tolerant
______, ____________
_____. The
source of our strength was our mutual ____
trust
and respect
_______.
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
What did her mother think?
When Gail’s mother heard the news, instead
congratulations she _________
of ____________
counseled Gail to
reconsider our marriage. Though she
regarded me as ________
charming and _________,
intelligent
she was afraid that Gail may be marrying me
for ______
wrong reasons.
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
What was her father’s response?
When Gail’s father heard the news, he
approached our decision with _______
a fatherknows-best attitude. He doubted that I
__________
was marrying in order to ______
remain in
the USA , for I had problems with the
Citizenship Department. So, they all
___________
that Gail be sure that
suggested
she was doing the wrong thing
___________________________and
she may _______________.
change her mind
Book 2
Unit 3
New Horizon College English
Summary
Gail and Mark had been together for two years and
understand and respect each other.
had learned to ____________________
Recently they decided to get married and they told
the news to Gail’s parents. To their surprise, they
resistance Gail’s mother was
met with some _________.
worried that they might be marrying for the wrong
wait Gail’s
reasons and advised her daughter to ____.
opposed the marriage because he
father also ________
thought that Mark was marrying her daughter so
that he could remain in the United States. Such
concerns
_______ are understandable. After all, marriage
problems of one kind
across nations may have its ________
or another.
New Horizon College English
Book 2
Unit 3
Reproduction
Work in a group of 3 to have a talk show.
One works as a host, the other two are
Gail and Mark. Gail and Mark are being
interviewed by the host on the topic
Marriage Across the Nations. The rest of
the class may act as audience and ask
some questions.
A sample beginning
Book 2
New Horizon College English
Unit 3
Host: Welcome to People Around You. Join us
today are a mixed would-be-couple from
the United States and Africa. So …
Mark: Hello, everyone. I am Mark from Africa.
Gail: Hay, there. …
Book 2
Unit 3
New Horizon College English
Compound Dictation
Directions: You will hear a
passage three times. When
the passage is read for the
second time, you are required
to fill in the blanks numbered
from S1 to S8 with the exact
words you have just heard. For
blanks numbered S9 to S11 you
are required to fill in missing
information. For these blanks,
you can either use the exact
words you have just heard or
write down the main points in
your own words. Now listen to
the passage.
Book 2
Unit 3
New Horizon College English
Compound Dictation
The period of engagement is the time
between the marriage [S01] ________
proposal and the
wedding ceremony. Two people agree to marry
when they decided to spend their lives together.
The man usually gives the woman a diamond
engagement ring. That tradition is said to
[S02] _________________
have started when an Austrian man gave a
diamond ring to the woman he wanted to marry.
represented
The diamond [S03] _________________
beauty. He
placed it on the third finger of her left hand.
Book 2
Unit 3
New Horizon College English
Compound Dictation
He chose that finger because it was thought
that the blood vessel in that finger went directly to
the heart. Today we know that this is not true, yet
the [S04] ________
tradition continues.
generally are engaged for a
Americans [S05] _____________
period of about one year, if they are planning a
wedding ceremony and a party. During this time,
friends of the bride may hold a party at which
women friends and family members give the bride
gifts that she will need as a wife. These could
[S06] ____
include cooking [S07] equipment
_________ or new clothing.
Book 2
Unit 3
New Horizon College English
Compound Dictation
Friends of the man who is getting married may
have a bachelor party for him. This usually takes
place the night before the [S08] wedding
_______. Only
men are invited to the bachelor party.
During the marriage ceremony, [S09]________
the bride
_________________________________________
and
her would-be husband usually exchange gold
_________________________________________
rings
that represent the idea that their union will
______________.
continue
forever The wife often wears both the
wedding ring and the engagement ring on the
same finger.
Book 2
Unit 3
New Horizon College English
Compound Dictation
The husband wears his ring on the third
finger of his left hand. Many people say [S10]
______________________________________
the purpose of the engagement period is to
___________________________________.
permit enough time to plan the wedding But
the main purpose is to let enough time pass so
the two people are sure that they want to
Either person may
marry each other. [S11] ___________________
decide to break the engagement, if this happens,
________________________________________
the woman usually returns the ring to the man
________________________________________.
They also return any wedding gifts they have
received.
Book 2
Unit 3
New Horizon College English
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