Unlocking the Secret to Reading: The Keys to the Six Basic Syllable Spelling Patterns Opening the Door to Reading! • The English alphabet has 26 letters. • All English words use some of these 26 letters. In the alphabet: - 21 letters are consonants that have only one sound b,c,d,f,g,h,j,k,l,m,n,p,q,r,s,t,v,w,x,y,z In the alphabet, 5 letters are special: - 5 letters are vowels that have two sounds (long and short) a e i o u The key to reading and spelling all words: •All words have at least one vowel. happy the remember tip key book a school • All words have syllables. • Syllables are word parts. • Reading is easy if you can break words up into small parts (syllables). re – mem – ber remember Use the Keys to Unlock and Read New Words! All you need to know are the six syllable rules! The Six Basic Syllable Types: 1. Closed Syllables 2. Open Syllables 3. Vowel-Silent e Syllables 4. Vowel Team Syllables 5. r-Controlled Syllables 6. Consonant + le Syllables Closed Syllables • A closed syllable has one vowel in the syllable and ends with a consonant. • The vowel sound is usually a short sound. bed mat happy (Your lips are mostly closed when you say the final consonant sound.) Open Syllables • An open syllable ends with a vowel sound. • The vowel sound is usually a long sound. ti- ger hu-man ba-con do-nut (Your mouth is open when you say the long vowel sound.) Vowel-Silent e (Vce) Syllable •Each syllable has only one vowel sound. • When a syllable has two vowels, the first vowel usually makes a long sound, and the second vowel is silent. bake bike pile cube rope Vowel Team Syllables • Two vowels are side-by-side. • The first vowel says its name. • The second vowel is silent. • Sometimes the two vowels e a make a whole new sound. team mail play shout r-Controlled Syllables •When a vowel is followed by the letter r, the sound of the two letters changes. park store her girl hurt remember Bossy r Silent vowel Consonant + le Syllables • A consonant + le, al, or el is usually the last syllable in a word. ta-ble pic-kle s c r a m - ble den-tal nic-kel ren-tal lit-tle Congratulations! You now know the six major syllable types of the English language. Happy Reading!!!!