MORPHOLOGY AFFIXES - Misbakhudin Munir

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MORPHOLOGY
AFFIXES
PRESENTED BY:
1.
2.
3.
ARYANI DWI SAFITRI
MISBAKHUDIN
KHOIRUL ANWAR
INFIX


Infix is an affix that occur within a
base or root.
Infix is an affix that joins within a root
or stem.
Example:
Guruh (thunder)
‫( فعل‬did)
-١-
-mu-
gemuruh (thundering)
‫( فاعل‬someone who does)
CONFIX

Confix/ circumfix/ ambifix is an affix
that is attached to the front and the
end of a base or root
Example:
Count (V)
Abai (beglect)
a- -ing
te- -kan
accounting (N)
terabaikan (ignored)
INTERFIX


Interfix is an affix which is placed between two
different morphemes and it does not have a
semantic meaning
An interfix is attached to two different morphemes
and it differents with infix which is inserted in the
middle of one morpheme.
Example:
Interfix -o- in speed and meter
Speed -o- meter
speedometer
Obscen -o- meter
obscenometer
SIMULFIX



Simulfix is an affix that change one or more existing phoneme
in order to modify the meaning of a morpheme.
Simulfix is change of a vowel or consonant in a stem or root
which is changing the meaning of the word
It is generally considered irreguralities and pluralization.
Example:
Man (sing.)
Woman (sing.)
Mouse (sing.)
Drive
Foot (sing.)
Bring
men (plural)
women (plural)
mice (plural)
drove
feet (plural)
brought
TRANSFIX

Transfix is a discontinous affix which occurs at more
than one position in word.
Example:
In Arabic triliteral root k - t - b
ya - - u - u
yaktubu (he is writing)
-a-a-a
kataba (he wrote)
-i-akitab (book)
-u-u-u-n
kutubun (books)
SUPERFIX
Superfix is a type of affix where a suprasegmental
change (such as tone or stress) modifies an existing
morpheme's meaning.
 It can be detected in spoken language.
 It is a morpheme consisting of a pattern of stress
or intonation features that are associated with the
syllables of a word or phrase (as the distinctive
stress pattern of the noun subject and the verb
subject)

Example of Superfix
Root
Example
1
2
Real
/ri:l/ (adj.)
/reI΄α:l/ (N)
Injure
/΄idjзə(r)/ (V)
/΄idjзəri/ (N)
Foot and food
/fυt/ (N) = kaki
/fu:d/ (N) =
makanan
Contest
/’kαntєst/ (N)
/kən’tєst/
LIST OF PREFFIXES
AND
SUFFIXES
List of Preffixes
Prefix
Example
Word class
prefix
Semi-
Mini-
Root/stem
Meaning/
word class
Semicircle
Close w.c. Open w.c./n Half/ adj.
Semifinal
Close w.c. Open w.c./n Half/ adj.
Mini-theory Close w.c. Open w.c./n Small/ adj.
MiniClose w.c. Open w.c./n Small/ adj.
publication
Kilo-
Kilobyte
Kilometer
Close w.c. Open w.c./n Thousand/ n
Close w.c. Open w.c./n Thousand/ n
List of Preffixes 2
Prefix
Example
Word class
prefix
Mis-
Mono-
Sub-
Root/stem
Meaning/
word class
misconduct
Close w.c Open w.c./n
Wrong/ adj.
Misdeed
Close w.c Open w.c./n
Wrong/ adj.
monosyllable Close w.c Open w.c./n
One/ adj.
Monograph
Subset
Subdivision
Close w.c Open w.c./n
One/ adj.
Close w.c Open w.c./n
Bellow/ n
Close w.c Opne w.c./n
Bellow/ n
List of Preffixes 3
Prefix
Example
Word class
prefix
Inter-
Neo-
Interaction
Close w.c
Open w.c./n Between/ n
Inter-change
Close w.c
Open w.c./n Between/ n
Neo-
Close w.c
Open w.c./
adj.
New/ adj.
Neo-
Close w.c
Open w.c./
adj.
New/ adj.
Megabyte
Megawatt
Close w.c
Open w.c./n Million/ n
Close w.c
Open w.c./n Million/ n
colonialism
impressionism
Mega-
Root/stem
Meaning/
word class
List of Preffixes 4
Prefix
Example
Word class
prefix
Root/stem
Meaning/
word class
Superset
Close w.c Open w.c./n
Morethan/ adj
Superpower
Close w.c Open w.c./n
Morethan/ adj
Poly-
Polysillable
Close w.c Open w.c./n
Many/ adj.
Close w.c Open w.c./n
Many/ adj.
Mal-
Polyclinic
Malfunction
Malnutrition
Close w.c Open w.c./n
Bad/ adj.
Close w.c Open w.c./n
bad/ adj
Super-
List of Preffixes 5
Prefix
Example
Word class
Meaning/
word class
prefix
Root/stem
Ultrasound
Close w.c
Open w.c./ n
Beyond/ adj.
Ultrasonic
Close w.c
Open w.c./
adj.
Beyond/ adj.
Under- Underpayment
Close w.c
Open w.c./ n
Below, too
little/ adj.
Undergraduate
Close w.c
Open w.c./
adj.
Below/ adj.
Vice-precident
Vice-director
Close w.c
Open w.c./ n
Deputy/ n
Close w.c
Open w.c./ n
Deputy/ n
Ultra-
Vice-
List of Suffixes
Suffix
Example
Word class
Suffix
-age
-ant
-ism
Root/stem
Meaning/
word class
Baggage
Close w.c Open w.c./ n Collection/ n
Plumage
Close w.c Open w.c./ n Collection/ n
Assistant
Close w.c Open w.c./ v Person/ n
Consultant
Close w.c Open w.c./ v Person/ n
Maoism
Close w.c Open w.c./ n Doctrine/ n
Marxism
Close w.c Open w.c./ n Doctrine/ n
List of Suffixes 2
Suffix
Example
Word class
Suffix
-ship
-cy
-ous
Root/stem
Meaning/
word class
Friendship
Close w.c
Open w.c./n
State of being
something/ n
Leadership
Close w.c
Open w.c./n
State of being
something/ n
Urgency
Close w.c
Open w.c./
adj.
State or quality/
n
Efficiency
Close w.c
Open w.c./
adj.
State or quality/
n
Dangerious
Close w.c
Open w.c./n
State of being
a/ adj.
Famous
Close w.c
Open w.c./n
State of being
a/adj.
List of Suffixes 3
Suffix
-less
-ness
-ance
Example
Word class
Meaning/
word class
Suffix
Root/stem
Endless
Close w.c
Open w.c./ n
State of being
adj./ adj.
Careless
Close w.c
Open w.c./ n
State of being
adj./ adj.
Darkness
Close w.c
Open w.c./
adj.
Quality of being
n/ n
Lightness
Close w.c
Open w.c./
adj.
Quality of being
n/ n
Attendance
Close w.c
Open w.c./ v
Action/ n
acceptance
Close w.c
Open w.c./ v
Action/ n
List of Suffixes 4
Suffix
Example
Word class
Suffix
-ment
-al
-ry
Root/stem
Meaning/
word class
Development Close w.c Open w.c./ v Action/ n
Punishment
Close w.c Open w.c./ v Action/ n
Refusal
Close w.c Open w.c./ v Action/ n
denial
Close w.c Open w.c./ v Action/ n
Refinery
Close w.c Open w.c./ v Action/ n
Bakery
Close w.c Open w.c./ v Action/ n
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