Review: Masculine vs. Feminine El vs. La Los vs. Las

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Review: Masculine vs.
Feminine
El vs. La
Los vs. Las
¿Masculine or Feminine?
• ALL nouns in Spanish are either masculine or feminine.
• You can usually tell if a noun is masculine or feminine
by the last letter of that noun.
• If the last letter is “a” it is feminine.
• Puerta: feminine noun that means “door”
• If the last letter is “o” it is masculine.
• Libro: masculine noun that means “book”
¡Weirdos!
•If a noun does not end in “o” or “a” it is
important to look it up in the dictionary.
The dictionary WILL tell you if that noun
is masculine or feminine if you do not
know.
•You will also run into a few nouns who
do not follow the rule at all! Examples: el
agua, el día
PRACTICE: Masculine or
Feminine
______ bolígrafo : the pen
______ chica : the girl
______ mesa : the table
______ día : the day
______ pared: the wall (fem. sing.)
¿ “El” or “La” ?
• When you decide if a noun is masculine or
feminine you will also be deciding it’s definite
article.
• All singular masculine nouns use “el” to say
“the” before the noun.
• The book : El libro
• All singular feminine nouns use “la” to say “the”
before the noun.
• The door: La puerta
¿ “Los” or “Las” ?
• When you decide if a noun is masculine or
feminine you will also be deciding it’s definite
article.
• All PLURAL masculine nouns use “los” to say
“the” before the noun.
• The books : Los libros
• All PLURAL feminine nouns use “las” to say
“the” before the noun.
• The doors: Las puertas
Making Nouns Plural
• When your definite article is plural (los/las) your noun
must be plural too! To make your nouns plural, follow
the steps!
1.) If your noun ends in a vowel (a,e,I,o,u), just add “s” to the
end.
El Libro  Los Libros
El Estudiante  Los estudiantes
2.) If your noun ends in a consonant, add “es” to the end.
El Tenedor  Los Tenedores
La Mujer  Las Mujeres
PRACTICE: Make these
nouns plural!
Libro: _________________
Árbol: __________________
Pupitre:_________________
Animal: _________________
Now put it all together!
•Turn the following nouns and definite
articles into their plural forms!
•El amigo  ________________
•El pared  ________________
•El día 
________________
•La muchacha  ______________
•El vaso  ____________
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