Unit Four: Perfect & Passive Verbs Table of Contents Unit 1: Parts of Speech Unit 2: Phrases, Clauses, and Sentence Structure Unit 3: Simple & Progressive Verbs Unit 4: Perfect & Passive Verbs Unit 5: Complex Sentences Unit 6: Overview of City ESOL Program Present Perfect Present Perfect have/has + past participle Verb Game Present Perfect: Why is it used? Expresses a connection between the past and present. Now I ate dinner, so I am not hungry. I have eaten dinner, so I am not hungry. Present Perfect: When do we use it? Completed at an indefinite time in the past Now I have read The Little Prince. It is a great book! I have read The Little Prince last year. I read The Little Prince last year I have read The Little Prince twenty times, and I still love it! Present Perfect: When do we use it? Started in the past; continues to the present. (often times used with for or since) Now I have wanted to move to Veracruz since I visited there in 2000. I have wanted to move to Veracruz for many years. since = date/specific time for = length of time Why & when do we use the present perfect? Connection between the past and present Completed at an indefinite time in the past PRESENT PERFECT Started in the past; continues to the present Correct or Incorrect? have made 1. Since I have been a college student, I made many new friends. do 2. Human beings make mistakes. Sometimes we did regret things we regretted. have been 3. I was interested in physics since high school. gave 4. The professor has given an introduction to the course yesterday, the first day of class. is 5. In my opinion, voting in elections was very important. have been 6. Since I moved to my new house 15 days ago, I was very busy.