File

advertisement
Improving Your Spelling
Why is good spelling important?
Good spelling habits
ie and ei
–cede, –ceed, and –sede
Prefixes
Suffixes
Plurals of nouns
Review A
Review B
Why is good spelling important?
Misspelled words will distract your reader and keep
you from communicating clearly. Poor spelling
also sends the wrong message—about you.
This is so
hard to read!
She must be
pretty sloppy.
Good spelling habits
Most of us are not “natural” spellers. But we can
all improve if we
• pronounce words carefully
• use a dictionary
• spell words by syllables
• proofread for careless errors
• keep a spelling notebook
Good spelling habits
Pronounce words carefully
How do you pronounce athlete?
If you say athelete instead of
athlete, you might spell the word
incorrectly.
• Practice saying a word.
• Study it.
• Write it from memory.
Good spelling habits
Use a dictionary
Don’t guess.
Even good spellers have to
look up words.
Spell words by syllables
A syllable is a word part
ear/ly
early
that is pronounced as one
prob/a/bly
probably
uninterrupted sound.
When you’re learning to pronounce and spell a
new word, it’s easier to break it up into syllables.
Good spelling habits
Proofread for careless errors
Read your work. Dot your i’s. Cross your t’s. Is
that a g or a q? Should that word be its or it’s?
REMEMBER: Spellcheckers can
help, but they cannot point out
words that sound alike but are
spelled differently (such as its
and it’s).
Good spelling habits
Keep a spelling notebook
Correct
Spelling
Syllables
Trouble
and Accents Spots
Comments
answer
′
answer
answer
Silent w
casually
′
casually
casually
casual + ly
Never enter a
misspelled
word.
Use a
dictionary!
Which letters
give you
problems?
Anything that
will help you
remember
[End of Section]
ie and ei
Write ie when the sound is a long e.
achieve
chief
niece
believe
yield
relief
When the long e comes after c, write ei.
ceiling
receive
perceive
ie and ei
Write ei when the sound is not a long e.
height
weigh
heir
foreign
veil
counterfeit
kerchief
friend
leisure
mischief
seize
either
Exceptions
[End of Section]
–cede, –ceed, and –sede
Only one English word ends in –sede.
 supersede
Only three words end in –ceed.

exceed

proceed

succeed
Most other words with this sound end with –cede.
precede
intercede
concede
secede
recede
accede
ie and ei
–cede, –ceed, and –sede
On Your Own
Correct any misspelled word in these sentences. If all
the words are spelled correctly, write C.
1. Be careful whenever you lift wieghts.
2. My cousin Clyde plans to become a priest.
3. The color guard preceeded the marching band in
the parade.
4. The new fire cheif will be Holly Whitehead.
5. Niether of the boys could acheive his goals.
[End of Section]
Prefixes
A prefix is a word part that is added before a base
word or root.
When you add a prefix to a word, don’t change
the spelling of the original word.
dis
+
honest
=
dishonest
un
+
selfish
=
unselfish
pre
+
view
=
preview
[End of Section]
Suffixes
A suffix is a word part that is added after a base
word or root.
dark
+
ness
=
darkness
pay
+
ment
=
payment
hope
+
ful
=
hopeful
sleep
+
ing
=
sleeping
Suffixes
When you add the suffix –ly or –ness, do not
change the spelling of the original word.
suddenly
Exception
suddenness
For most words ending in y, change
y to i before adding –ly or –ness.
lazy
lazily
laziness
heavy
heavily
heaviness
Suffixes
Drop a final silent e when you add a suffix that
begins with a vowel.
adore
adoring
adorable
write
written
writing
Keep a final silent e when you add a suffix that
begins with a consonant.
placement
careful
lovely
Suffixes
When you add a suffix to a word that ends in y:
• Change the y to i if there’s a consonant right
before the y, unless the suffix begins with i.
lonely
loneliest
carry
carrying
• If there’s a vowel right before the y, just add
the suffix.
enjoy
enjoyment
Suffixes
Double the final consonant before adding –ing,
–ed, –er, or –est if the word
• has only one syllable and
• ends with a single consonant preceded by
a single vowel
beg
+
ing
=
begging
clap
+
ed
=
clapped
Suffixes
Do NOT double the final consonant before
adding –ing, –ed, –er, or –est if the final
consonant does not have a single vowel right
before it.
reap
+
ed
=
reaped
cold
+
er
=
colder
Prefixes and suffixes
On Your Own
Provide the correct spelling of the word and the prefix
or suffix in parentheses.
1. The judge will ______________ the lawyer’s
objection. (over + rule)
2. Juno was the ___________ dog on the searchand-rescue team. (brave + est)
3. The children were ___________ their new swing
set. (enjoy + ing)
4. Marta ________ for the movie tickets. (pay + ed)
[End of Section]
Plurals of nouns
The plurals of most nouns are formed by adding
either s or es.
For most nouns,
simply add s.
Add es if the noun
ends in s, x, z, ch,
or sh.
Singular
Plural
girl
girls
banana
bananas
moss
mosses
itch
itches
bush
bushes
Plurals of nouns
Nouns ending in y
If a noun ends in y
preceded by a
consonant, change y
to i and add es.
Don’t change the y
to i in proper nouns.
Singular
Plural
story
stories
lady
ladies
hobby
hobbies
Curry
Currys
Kelly
Kellys
Plurals of nouns
Nouns ending in y
If a noun ends in y
preceded by a vowel,
just add s.
Singular
Plural
key
keys
turkey
turkeys
highway
highways
Plurals of nouns
Nouns ending in f
or fe
For some nouns that
end in f or fe, add s.
For others, change
the f to v before
adding s or es.
Singular
Plural
sheriff
sheriffs
gulf
gulfs
knife
knives
thief
thieves
loaf
loaves
Plurals of nouns
Nouns ending in o
For nouns that end in
o preceded by a
vowel, add s.
If the final o is
preceded by a
consonant, add es.
Singular
Plural
rodeo
rodeos
igloo
igloos
veto
vetoes
hero
heroes
potato
potatoes
Plurals of nouns
Nouns that have
irregular plurals
Some nouns form
their plurals in
irregular ways.
Some nouns don’t
change form at all.
Singular
Plural
woman
women
goose
geese
ox
oxen
child
children
deer
deer
aircraft
aircraft
Plurals of nouns
On Your Own
Provide the correct plural of the noun in parentheses.
1. We passed several _________ on the way.
(church)
2. Are all of the _________ healthy? (puppy)
3. Fireplaces and __________ must be cleaned
regularly. (chimney)
4. Most of the rooms have _________. (patio)
5. The farmworkers had difficult _________. (life)
6. Jackie has five pet __________. (mouse)
[End of Section]
Review A
For each sentence, choose the correctly spelled word in
parentheses.
1. Their wedding was a (joious, joyous) event.
2. All the (babies, babys) are asleep.
3. The little boy would never try to (deceive, decieve)
his parents.
4. Tom was bothered by my (messyness, messiness).
5. The cast will hold your leg (immobile, imobile) until
it heals.
[End of Section]
Review B
Correct each spelling error in the following sentences.
1. The frieght train ran off the tracks and crashed.
2. That argument sounds ilogical to me.
3. Max was sincerly sorry that he hurt my feellings.
4. I would happyly go to the play with you.
5. The horse faceing the fence is the one I like.
6. Do not excede the speed limit on these roades.
[End of Section]
The End
Download
Related flashcards
Create Flashcards