Multiple Document Interface (MDI)

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Tutorial 3
IT323 - Software Engineering 2
1

Suggest ways in which the user interface to
an e-commerce system such as an online
stores might be adapted for users who have
a visual impairment.
2
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Make allowances for enlarged text.
Contrast is key: consider offering a second version of your site with more
contrast between elements. Make use of bold text for added readability on
low-contrast items and avoid very thin fonts.
Be mindful of colors for action items: when creating buttons or notices that
call the user’s attention and require their direct interaction, try to avoid
using color combos that are easily confused by colorblind users (red and
green, blue and yellow) and make sure these elements contain clear,
visible text or iconography that makes their purpose clear.

Don't use only color to indicate something specific on your page.

Use keyboard shortcuts to aid navigation.
3

What factors have to be taken into account
in the design of a menu-based interface for
‘walk-up’ systems such as bank ATMs?
4
Factors to be taken into account when designing 'walk up and use' systems are:

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System users may be infirm, or disabled so will not be able to respond quickly
to requests.
Users may not be able to speak the native language of the country where the
machine is installed.
System users may be completely unfamiliar with technology and may make
almost any kind of error in using the machine. The interface must minimize the
number of possible errors and must be resilient to any possible error.
Some system users are likely to be intimidated by many options. On the other
hand, as users gain familiarity with the system, they may expect to use it for a
wider range of banking services.
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Different people may understand the meaning of icons in different ways.
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If the system has navigation options, users are almost certain to become lost.
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Most users will want to use the system for very simple functions (e.g. withdraw
cash from an ATM) and will want to do this as quickly as possible.
5

Suggest situations where it is unwise or
impossible to provide a consistent user
interface.
6
A consistent user interface may be impossible to produce for complex systems with a
large number of interface options. In such systems, there is a wide imbalance
between the extent of usage of different commands so for frequently used commands, it
is desirable to have short cuts. Unless all commands have short cuts, then consistency
is impossible. It may also be the case in complex systems that the entities manipulated
are of quite different types and it is inappropriate to have consistent operations on each
of these types.
An example of such a system is an operating system interface. Even MacOS which has
attempted to be as consistent as possible has inconsistent operations that are liked by
users. For example, to delete a file it is dragged to the trash but dragging a disk image
to the trash does not delete it but unmounts that disk.
7

Consider the following error messages produced by MS-Windows,
and Mac operating systems. Discuss the problems of this errors
messages and suggest how these might be improved.
8
The problem are:
1. Describes the context in system-specific terms.
2. Negative not positive.
3. Don’t provide user guidance on how the error might be rectified.
Suggestions:
1. It should be more positive.
2. It should be user oriented and use concept derived from user environment.
3. It should provides guidance and how to recover from error.
9

What are the problems of the following website interface? What
are the guidelines that should be followed when using color in
a user interface?
10
The over use of colors and the wrong colors
combination.
Guideline of using colors:
1. Limit the number of colours used and be
conservative in their use.
2. Use colour change to show a change in
system status.
3. Use colour coding to support the task that
users are trying to perform.
4. Use colour coding in a thoughtful and
consistent way.
5. Be careful about colour pairings
11

Discuss the advantages of graphical information
display and suggest four applications where it would
be more appropriate to use graphical rather than
digital displaying of numeric.
12
Advantages are ‘at a glance’ magnitude indication, relative magnitude
indication and exceptional data values indication. Any applications
where these are important might be mentioned:
 Temperature control
 Speed indicators
 Weather statistics
 Relative comparisons of cars, etc.
13

The images below are example of what User
Interface Design Principles?
1)
Recoverability
14

The images below are example of what User
Interface Design Principles?
2)
Recoverability
15

The images below are example of what User
Interface Design Principles?
3)
Auto Save = Recoverability
16

The images below are example of what User
Interface Design Principles?
4)
User Guidance
17

The images below are example of what User
Interface Design Principles?
5)
User familiarity
It can be consistency among other application as well
18

The images below are example of what User
Interface Design Principles?
6)
Recoverability
19

The images below are example of what User
Interface Design Principles?
7)
Adaptability
20

The images below are example of what User
Interface Design Principles?
8)
Adaptability, Learnability
21

The images below are example of what User
Interface Design Principles?
9)
User Diversity
22
Thank you 
23
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