Hollywood film studios • • • • • • • Columbia Pictures Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Paramount Pictures Universal Studios Warner Bros. 20th Century Fox DreamWorks Columbia Pictures is a US film production and distribution company. It was founded in 1924. It grew out of a smaller company founded in 1920 by Harry Cohn. Columbia became a major studio by the 1940. • Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) is a US filmproduction company. It was established in 1924. It was one of the most powerful Hollywood studios of the 1930s-1950s. It produced such prestige films David Copperfield (1935) and The Wizard of OZ (1939).Among its stars were Greta Garbo, James Stewart and Elizabeth Taylor. • The words "Ars Gratia Artis" above the Lion, is Latin, and translated, it means "Art for art's sake." • Paramount Pictures Corporation is a major American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. • Founded in 1912, it is the oldest running movie studio in Hollywood, beating Universal Studios by a month. Paramount is owned by media conglomerate Viacom. • Universal Studios (sometimes called Universal Pictures or Universal City Studios is one of the major American film studios. Its production studios are located at 100 Universal City Plaza Drive in Universal City, California. Universal is the second longest-lived studio in Hollywood. • Founded on June 8, 1912 • In the 1970s and 1980s Universal became one of the industry’s leaders with box-office hits from the producer and director Steven Spilberg. • Warner Bros. Entertainment, or Warner Bros. (pronounced Warner Brothers), is one of the world's largest producers of film and television entertainment. • It was founded by Harry, Albert, Sam and Jack Warner . Warner Bros. is the third-oldest American movie studio in continuous operation, after Paramount Pictures, founded in 1912 as Famous Players, and Universal Studios, also founded in 1912. • Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation (known from 1935 to 1985 as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation), also known as 20th Century Fox, is one of the six major American film studios. • The company was founded in 1935. • The company made high-quality films. Recent successes include The Star Wars trilogy (197719830). • DreamWorks also known as DreamWorks Pictures, DreamWorks SKG, or DreamWorks Studios is a major American film studio which develops, produces, and distributes films, video games, and television programming. • The Walt Disney Company was established in Hollywood in 1923. And its first Mickey Mouse cartoons appeared in 1928. • The company was founded from The Walt Disney Company in 1994.