Ayah 102
And they followed [instead] what the devils had recited during
the reign of Solomon. It was not Solomon who disbelieved,
but the devils disbelieved, teaching people magic and that
which was revealed to the two angels at Babylon, Harut and
Marut. But the two angels do not teach anyone unless they
say, "We are a trial, so do not disbelieve [by practicing
magic]." And [yet] they learn from them that by which they
cause separation between a man and his wife. But they do
not harm anyone through it except by permission of Allah .
And the people learn what harms them and does not benefit
them. But the Children of Israel certainly knew that whoever
purchased the magic would not have in the Hereafter any
share. And wretched is that for which they sold themselves, if
they only knew.
• Suleiman A.S. was the son of Dawud A.S. 
both were kings of Bani Israel
• He had birds, jinns and the wind under his
control (with the permission of Allah)
• The shaitaan put in the hearts of people that
Suleiman A.S. had all these things because of
magic to get the Bani Israel interested in this
• However, practicing magic is forbidden, and
Suleiman A.S. was not an unbeliever (got
everything from the fadl of Allah SWT)
• They thought he was a magician, but he was a
• Haarut and Maarut: 2 angels who knew magic,
were sent to the Bani Israel as a test
• Before teaching magic to anyone, they would
say “we are a test” but the people still
wouldn’t listen
• They learned magic that would create fights
between a husband and wife
and Recited
Ayah 102 - Roots
• Taa Laam Waaw – 1. what the devils recited;
2. what the devils followed (over here shaitan
refers to the evil jinns)
• Faa Taa Noon – to heat gold in fire; a situation
that is very difficult; a temptation
• Faa Raaw Qaaf – to divide
• Daawd Raaw Raaw – even if they practised
magic it would not take any effect until Allah
allows it
Ayah 102 – Roots
• Khaaw Laam Qaaf – a share of goodness; they
knew that by practicing magic, they would
have not good in the hereafter
• Selling your soul to the devil; If only they knew
the consequences of practicing magic
• The people purchased magic with their imaan
An effect whose cause is
unknown is Magic
Real Magic = Black Magic
There is no such thing as
innocent magic
• The Bani Israel were impressed with magic (what is
OUR state)?
• They continued to practice magic even after the time of
Suleiman A.S. (Labid bin Asam performed magic on the
Prophet SAW)
• Magic can destroy families
• An action may be forbidden but if Allah commands it,
then going against it is forbidden (ex. Sajdah to Adam
• If you are affected by magic, turn to Allah because
magicians can’t cure you
Allah is absolving Sulaiman(a.s) of shirk
Teaching & Practising Magic is Forbidden
& is Disbelief
Magic doesn’t harm a person without
Allah’s Permission
Magic used to separate a husband and
wife is a worst form of magic
• Instead of going to some scholar of deen, they
went to a magician
• Loosing deen, dunya and akhira by magic
• Benefit is very less in comparison with loss
• The price they paid was their iman
• If only they were they equally interested in the
Book of Allah
Ayah 103
And if they had believed and feared Allah,
then the reward from Allah would have
been [far] better, if they only knew.
Ayah 103 - Roots
• Thaa Waaw Baa – reward; something that is
returned; if only they knew about the better
gain in the hereafter
• Mathooba – return for their taqwa and iman
(if only they knew – reward of Hereafter is
much better)
• You have to have taqwa yourself; can’t blame
society for the wrong
• They had the knowledge but didn’t act upon
it; so this is not true knowledge
• Actions show what kind of ilm we have
The reward that is
with Allah is better
than everything
Ayahs 104 – 112
Ayah 104
O you who have believed, say not [to
Allah 's Messenger], "Ra'ina" but say,
"Unthurna" and listen. And for the
disbelievers is a painful punishment.
• Allah is addressing the believers right now; to
alert the listener
• Whatever that will be stated is important
• They’re being called by their attribute; shows
love and care
Ayah 104 - Roots
• Raaw Aain Yaa – supervision; looking after a
living creature; 1. feeding 2. protection
– Sahabah used to say Raa’ina to the Prophet; Allah
said don’t say this because: 1. you only say it to
someone who is equal to you; Prophet is greater
2. this word with a slight twist means something
else; the Bani Israel would use it to mean
something abusive (shepherd, donkey, stupid,
• Noon Dhaaw Raaw – to look; to wait
Ayah 104 - Roots
• Seen Meem Aain – listen attentively; listening
v.s. accepting
– Listen from the beginning to you don’t have to ask
the Prophet SAW to repeat himself
– Obey and follow what is said
Qur’an Teaches us How to speak
Be very careful of the choice of words when you
Don’t address a person in such a manner that
could be insulting for him/her.
When someone is speaking, listen to him/her
If you forbid someone from doing something, then
also give them an alternative.
• Allah knows what words we utter and the
intention behind it
• Some like you, some don’t when you do
• Sometimes it is expressed through hostility
and sometime through words – vulgar and
obscene in his speech
• Don’t get down to their level
• Be careful in choice of words (examples)
Lessons Continued…
• When someone is speaking to you, listen
• When we stop others from doing something,
give them the alternate
• Importance of reciting Qu’ran properly
• While fixing faults, we should be careful
• A believer doesn’t use abusive words
Ayah 105
Neither those who disbelieve from the
People of the Scripture nor the polytheists
wish that any good should be sent down
to you from your Lord. But Allah selects
for His mercy whom He wills, and Allah is
the possessor of great bounty.
Ayah 105 - Roots
• Waaw Daal Daal – intense and pure love
• Ahl – family; those who have; Kitaab refers to
the Jews and Christians (People of the Book)
• Mushrik – one who does shirk; to include
someone else in Allah’s exclusive rights
• Khair – anything that is beneficial or good; in
particular also used for wealth
Ayah 105 - Roots
• Raaw Baa Baa – Allah’s being; Rabb is of 2
types: 1. Rabb of entire creation and 2.
Specific: special nourishment which is faith,
knowledge  referring to this in this context
• Khaaw Saawd Saawd – singles out/chooses;
Allah chooses who He wants to bestow His
mercy on
– Mercy over here refers to prophet hood (not the
choice of people)
• Over here Khair refers to
revelation/knowledge from Allah SWT;
• They were jealous so Allah SWT is warning the
Prophet SAW that they are not your wellwishers
• But know that they can’t take the good from
you because its from Allah
• No one can harm a believer until Allah intends
• A person should accept the division of Allah
• Humans have friends and enemies
• If you want khair for others, Allah will want
khair for you
• A person’s jealousy can not steal anything from
us; if you have something or lose something, its
from Allah
Ayah 106
We do not abrogate a verse or cause it to
be forgotten except that We bring forth
[one] better than it or similar to it. Do
you not know that Allah is over all things
• The jealousy of Bani Israel sometimes took
form by creating doubts in people’s hearts
• Concept of abrogation is discussed in this ayah
• Running out of ideas so they came up with
apparent “contradictions” in the Qu’ran
If Qur’an is from Allah, how come
some commands are entirely
Sometimes you follow one command
and sometimes other
Already have Torah, why do we need
another book
Ayah 106 - Roots
• Noon Seen Khaaw – to erase; to make
another copy; to replace; Technically, in the
sharia, it’s the abrogation of a ruling by a
ruling that came after it
• Qaaf Daal Raaw – Allah is able to execute His
decision; so if He wants to change a
command, He can do so
– e.x. facing the Kaabah; alcohol
Abrogation of the
Verse Without
the Ruling
Naskh at-Tilawah
doona al-Hukm
Abrogation of the
Ruling Without
the Verse
Naskh al-Hukm
doona atTilaawah
Abrogation of
Ruling and the
Naskh al-Hukm
wa at-Tilaawah
Gradual Implementation of the Qur’an
(ex. of alcohol command)
Test for the Believers
Allah can do whatever He pleases
Beneficial & Easier for People
Increase in the Reward for Believer
Reminder of Mercy of Allah
• Naskh is present in the Qu’ran and we can’t
deny it
• The abrogating ruling is better
• Immense wisdom in abrogation: changes with
time for different circumstances
• The final shariah (final commands) are the
• Can’t abrogate any commands now
Ayah 107
Do you not know that to Allah belongs
the dominion of the heavens and the
earth and [that] you have not besides
Allah any protector or any helper?
Ayah 107
• Waaw Laam Yaa – to be close to another; a
close friend; closest male relative of a woman;
a protector
• Noon Saawd Raaw – helps out at the time of
oppression; if you don’t obey Allah, you have
no wali or naseer
If everything is in the Hands of
Allah, then He has the right to
give us any command that He
What should we do?
Obey Him!
Review Translation of Ayahs
Reflect and Analyze
Ayah 108
Or do you intend to ask your Messenger
as Moses was asked before? And
whoever exchanges faith for disbelief has
certainly strayed from the soundness of
the way.
• Seen Hamza Laam – 1. questioning about
unnecessary details 2. demanding miracles
• Daawd Laam Laam – a person who leaves
iman and adopts kufr
• Seen Waaw Yaa – 1. Going away from the
correct path; 2. the middle way (path of
Allah); 3. used for aim/goal
– When a person adopts kufr, its hard to get to
Jannah (which is our goal)
• Ibn Abbas – two men asked the Prophet SAW:
bring us a book from the heaven that we can
read and make the rivers flow
• Also the mushrikeen used to put doubts in the
hearts of the believers by asking the Prophet
SAW a lot of questions (i.e. people at the time
of Musa A.S. used to see Allah so why can’t
Ask Related & Relevant Questions
Too many questions can lead one to
disbelief (losing your imaan)
Prohibition of asking too many questions
Prohibition of Making unnecessary
Ayah 109
Many of the People of the Scripture wish they
could turn you back to disbelief after you have
believed, out of envy from themselves [even]
after the truth has become clear to them. So
pardon and overlook until Allah delivers His
command. Indeed, Allah is over all things
Didn’t Like
Progress of Islam
Spread false
Created Doubts
Ayah 109 - Roots
• Raaw Daal Daal – to send something back; to
reject it
• Haa Seen Daal – to wish for a decline in
blessing that another person has been given;
also “I should have it for myself”
• Baa Yaa Noon – to make clear; they knew that
you’re following the truth but still want to
turn you back
Ayah 109 - Roots
• Aain Faa Waaw – forgives and does not take
• Saawd Faa Haa – palm of the hand; when
something is smooth and straight; its to
forgive and forget; to not even talk about it;
turn the page
– Turn away from the wrong things that they do
• The People of the Book wanted to turn the
Muslims back to disbelief (not Christians or
• They couldn’t bear the unity of Muslims
• Became jealous of the Book and Prophet that
Muslims had
• This happens in every era, that people who
are excelling in their religion come under
scrutiny of others
O Allah, allow us to see the truth as truth,
and grant us the strength to follow and
abide by it, and allow us to see falsehood as
falsehood and grant us the strength to
remain away from it.
• When you become serious about your deen,
people want to turn you back
• Your attitude should remain soft against these
people no matter how harsh they are with you
• Keep turning the page; until a new policy is
revealed, keep forgiving them
Ayah 110
And establish prayer and give zakah,
and whatever good you put forward
for yourselves - you will find it with
Allah. Indeed, Allah of what you do,
is Seeing.
How to Deal with
your Opponent
your faith
Ayah 110 - Roots
• Qaaf Daal Meem – what a person spends in
the way of Allah and salah; all the various
good deeds
• Waaw Jeem Daal – you will find the deeds
that you did in this world, with Allah SWT in
the Hereafter, as rewards 
• Baa Saawd Raaw – Allah is watching
everything; 1. to see/vision 2. to know about
Don’t Object Like Bani Israel Did
Don’t Focus on Opponent
Strengthen your Faith
Make your connection strong with
Be Prepared for the Opposition
Don’t react negatively in response to
Remain focused
Salah and Zakah are steps towards
Ayah 111
And they say, "None will enter Paradise
except one who is a Jew or a Christian."
That is [merely] their wishful thinking,
Say, "Produce your proof, if you should be
• Another claim of the People of the Book is
being refuted here
• They thought that they were the only ones
going to Jannah
Ayah 111 - Roots
• Baa Raaw Haa – very shiny/bright; when
something becomes very clear; used for a final
argument that remains undefeated (negates
the proof of the opponent)
Ayah 112
Yes [on the contrary], whoever submits
his face in Islam to Allah while being a
doer of good will have his reward with
his Lord. And no fear will there be
concerning them, nor will they grieve.
َ‫َو ْج َه‬
Purely for the
Sake of Allah
Manner of
Rasool Allah
Qualities of People of Jannah
Ayah 112 - Roots
• A’inda Rabbi’hi - Near His Lord
• 1. The reward will be great because its coming
from someone who is great
• 2. The reward is secure
• The people of Jannah are the ones who have
submitted to Allah and follow the sunnah
• Having ikhlaas (sincerity) in the manner of the
Prophet SAW
• We should face Allah SWT but submitting all
of our senses to Him
• Includes goals, desires etc.
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