Vocabulary Week 3 Day 1 •Caliph •Quran Answer Day 1 • Caliph - ca·liph = nounhistorical • The chief Muslim civil and religious ruler, regarded as the successor of Muhammad. The caliph ruled in Baghdad until 1258 and then in Egypt until the Ottoman conquest of 1517; the title was then held by the Ottoman sultans until it was abolished in 1924 by Atatürk. Answers Day 1 • Quran - Ko·ran = noun • The Islamic sacred book, believed to be the word of God as dictated to Muhammad by the archangel Gabriel and written down in Arabic. The Koran consists of 114 units of varying lengths, known as suras ; the first sura is said as part of the ritual prayer. These touch upon all aspects of human existence, including matters of doctrine, social organization, and legislation. Day 2 •Pilgrimage •Alms Answers Day 2 • Pilgrimage - pil·grim·age = noun • 1. A religious journey • a pilgrim's journey Answers Day 2 • Alms – alms = noun • 1. The giving of money or food given to poor people. Day 3 •Pillar •Faith Answers Day 3 • Pillar - pil·lar = noun • 1. A tall vertical structure of stone, wood, or metal, used as a support for a building, or as an ornament or monument. Answers Day 3 • Faith – faith = noun • 1. Strong belief in God or in the doctrines of a religion, based on spiritual apprehension rather than proof. Day 4 •Fasting •Sacrifice Answers Day 4 • Fast – fast = verb • present participle: fasting • 1. Abstain from all or some kinds of food or drink, especially as a religious observance Answers Day 4 • Sacrifice - sac·ri·fice = noun • 1. An act of slaughtering an animal or person or surrendering a possession as an offering to God or to a divine or supernatural figure.