QuickTime™ and a H.264 decompressor are needed to see this picture. Resiliency Historically, the focus has been on medical and psychological pathologies and deficiencies rather than strengths. At-Risk - new term to describe the decrease in quality education and increase of students in jeopardy. (A Nation at Risk, 1983) We were looking at what’s wrong . . . Rather than what’s right Resiliency The shift has moved from identifying the To identifying the Resiliency So what does resiliency mean? Resiliency So what does resiliency mean? •Capacity for successful adaptation despite challenging or threatening situations •An inherent characteristic that exists in some degree in all of us •Resilience is itself normative Resiliency So what does resiliency mean? •Person’s ability to remain steady or to bounce back in spite of adversity. •Resilient person draws on strengths, internally and environmental, to overcome challenges. Resiliency External Factors: Risk or Protective Family Environment Harm or Nurture? Community The Child School Other people Resiliency What are the risk factors? Chronic Poverty Suicide Neglect Depression Abuse Parental Psychopathologies Non-English Speaking Disruptive Behaviors others Resiliency RISK FACTORS Cumulative effect - more adversities lead to more dysfunction and vulnerabilities. Predispose a child to negative developmental outcomes Labels children AT-RISK - what words come to mind? Resiliency What minimizes risk factors? Protective factors - supports and opportunities that buffer the effects of risk factors. Resiliency “Buffers [protective factors] make a more profound impact on the life course of children who grow up under adverse conditions than do specific risk factors or stressful life events. They appear to transcend ethnic, social class, geographical, and historical boundaries.” Werner & Smith, 1992 Resiliency External Factors Communit y Family The Child Other people Schoo l Internal Personality Traits Resiliency Internal Factors: Personal Strengths Social Competence Problem Solving Responsiveness Planning Communication Flexibility Empathy Caring Resourcefulness Compassion Altruism Forgiveness Fostering Resiliency in Kids Benard (1991) Autonomy Positive Identity Internal Locus of control Self-efficacy Mastery Critical Thinking Adaptive Distancing Insight Resistance Self-Awareness Humor Sense of purpose Goal Directed Achievement Motivation Educational Aspirations Creativity Special Interests Optimism Hope Faith Spirituality Sense of Meaning Resiliency SEL - Social and Emotional Learning Works to develop core competences: Self-awareness Social awareness Self-management Relationship skills Responsible decision-making Resiliency Other traits of a “resilient person” •Easy temperament or disposition •Likable, friendly, sociable •True to self, resist pressure to do negative things •Competence - being good at something •Other characteristics describe a resilient person? Resiliency Search Institute 40 Developmental Assets: building blocks of healthy development. External Assets: Positive, structured growth environments (e.g,, support, empowerment, boundaries, expectations, constructive use of time) Internal Assets: commitment to learning, positive values, social competencies, positive identity http://www.search-institute.org Resiliency So how do we build these internal protective assets in students? We begin by applying the resiliency approach to both individual students and to the school environment as a whole. Resiliency Resiliency Keys for building resiliency in the environment Caring and Support High Expectations Opportunities for Meaningful Participation What is the home, school and community attitude? Resiliency Keys to reducing risk factors in the environment: Teach “Life Skills” Set clear, consistent boundaries Increased prosocial bonding Resiliency •Change our mindset - focus on the child’s strengths •Focus on what the child is doing right • What went right for you today? • You had difficulty getting to school, but you made it! That shows determination! •Acknowledge and name the effective behavior. Verbally saying it can add to a child’s self-image and increase self-efficacy. Resiliency The core of resiliency is relationship. Get to know your students, be persistent, laugh with them. Let them get to know you. A caring adult can make a huge difference in a child’s life. The resiliency approach benefits all.