UploadFiles/2013-10/初中课件/人教版新目标初二英语

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• Unit5: Do you want to watch a game
show?
sitcom (n)
情景喜剧
discussion (n)
讨论
news (n)information (n)
新闻—消息
都不可数
stand (v)
站立,忍受
a piece of news- a
news story
一条新闻—一
则新闻报道
can’t stand doing–
stand up
不能忍受做---站
立
偶然发生,出现
soap (n)
肥皂剧
happen (vi)
教育的,
发生什么了?
educational (a)
what happened to
you?
educate– train
教育—培训
may (modal)-might
可以,可能
plan (n, v)
计划
expect (v)
期待,期盼
plan to do– a plan
of/for sth
计划做---一
个关于..计划
expect to do– look
forward to doing
期待
hope (n, v)
希望
joke (n)
玩笑
play a joke on sbmake fun of sb
开玩笑-取笑
comedy (n)
喜剧
meaningless (a)
毫无意义的
meaning (n)-What is
your meaning?
意思
hope to do…-- hope 希望做—希望
for…-- have hope of.. 某事—有..希望
hope to do—wish sb
to do
希望做某事—
希望某人做…
find out- find- look
for
查找,调查-找
到-寻找
action (n)
动作
main (a)- important
主要的—重要的
action movie
动作电影
reason (n)
原因
cartoon (n)
动画片
a reason for…
…的原因
culture (n)
文化,文明
common (n)
普通的,常见的
culture and history
文化和历史
in common
通常来讲
famous (a)= wellknown
著名的
film (n)
电影
unlucky (a)
不幸的
be famous for– be
famous as
因为..而出名—
作为..而出名
lose (v)– lost
丢的
出现(系动词)
丢失的,迷路的
appear (vi)
lost (a)
好像
女朋友
appear to
girlfriend (n)
变得
准备好的
become (v)
ready (a)
富有的
对…做好准备
rich (a)
be ready for –be
ready to do…
the rich- the poor
富人-穷人
character (n)
角色,人物
successful (a)
成功的
simple (a)=easy
简单的,朴素的
success- succeed (v)
成功(n)—(v)
army – navy- air
force
陆军-海军-空军
dress up
装扮,化妆
take sb’s place
代替
do a good job
干得好
一.plan
n.计划;方法;v.打算;安排;计划;设计
Where do you plan to spend your holiday?
你打算去哪里度假?
They plan to get married in the summer.
他们打算夏天结婚
每人都作了离开巴黎的打算。
误 Everyone made plans on leaving Paris.
正 Everyone made plans for leaving Paris.
正 Everyone made plans of leaving Paris.
析 对一些名词进一步的说明或解释(如plan, idea, suggestion)时多用for或of,而
不能用on。
错句举例与错句分析
错句:the plan of the day should be made in the morning.
纠正:the plan for the day should be made in the morning.
翻译:一天的计划应该在早上拟好。
分析:名词plan后跟介词for指“……样的计划”,也可接动词不定式作定语,
但不能用of
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二、hope
v.希望;期望;盼望 n.希望
我希望你成功。
误 I hope your success.
正 I hope for your success.
析 hope不可直接接名词作宾语,须用短语动词hope for。
我希望马上能见到他。
误 I hope seeing him at once.
正 I hope to see him at once.
析 hope不可直接接动名词作宾语,只能接动词不定式。
n.(名词)
他们几乎没有成功的希望。
误 They have little hope to success.
正 They have little hope of success〔succeeding〕.
析 在hope之后一般都接介词of,表示“…的希望”,而不
用介词to
三、find,find out和look for区别
1、 find意为“找到、发现”,通常指找到或发现具体的东西,也可指偶然发现
某物或某种情况,强调的是找的结果。
Will you find me a pen? 你替我找支钢笔好吗?
He didn’t find his bike. 他没找到他的自行车。
2、look for意为“寻找”,是有目的地找,强调“寻找”这一动作。
I don’t find my pen,I’m looking for it everywhere.
我没有找到我的钢笔,我正到处找。
He is looking for his shoes. 他在找他的鞋子。
3、find out意为“找出、发现、查明”,多指通过调查、寻问、打听、研究之
后“搞清楚、弄明白”,通常含有“经过困难曲折”的含义,指找出较难找到
的、无形的、抽象的东西。
Please find out when the train leaves. 请查一下火车什么时候离站。
Read this passage,and find out the answer to this question.
读这篇短文,找出这个问题的答案。
四、happen
vi.发生
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
The accident happened at six o'clock.
事故发生在六点钟。
It is impossible to anticipate when it will happen.
不可能预料这事何时发生。
易错:
不能说某人发生…事,只能说事发生到某人身上
即:sth happen to sb
基本句型:what happened to you?
乐意
肯定回答一般是:Yes, please./Certainly./ Sure等,
否定回答一般是:Please don't./No,you can't/mustn't.
可能
can多用于疑问句和否定句,表示怀疑或不相信等态度;
而may则多用于陈述句(肯定),表示一种揣测。
He may be right他可能对
He can’t be right他不可能对
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六、appear
vi.出现;登场
A ship appeared on the horizon.
船出现在水平线上。
His book appears on the market.
他的书出版了。
他今天看上去很生气。
误 He appeared very angrily today.
正 He appeared very angry today.
析 appear用作系动词时,只能与形容词连用,不能与副词
连用。
他显得很伤心。
误 He is appearing very sad.
正 He appears very sad.
析 appear不能用于进行体,可用一般现在时表示目前的
状况。
• What did you do in the class today, Sarah?
• We had a discussion about TV shows. My
classmate like game shows and sports shows.
• Oh, I can’t stand them. I love soap operas. I like
to follow the story and see what happens next.
• I don’t mind soap operas. But my favorite shows
are news and talk shows.
• They are boring.
• Well, they may not be very exciting, but you can
expect to learn a lot from them. I hope to be a
TV reporter one day.
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When people say “culture”, we think of art and history. But
one very famous symbol in American culture is a cartoon. We
all know and love the black mouse with two large round ears—
Mickey Mouse. Over 80 years ago, he first appeared in the
cartoon Steamboat Willie. When this cartoon came out in New
York on November 18, 1928, it was the first cartoon with sound
and music. The man behind Mickey was Walt Disney. He
became very rich and successful. In the 1930s, he made 87
cartoons with Mickey.
• Some people might ask how this cartoon animal became so
popular. One of the main reasons is that Mickey was like a
common man, but he always tried to face any danger. In his
early films, Mickey was unlucky and had many problems such
as losing his mouse or girl friend, Minnie. However, he was
always ready to try his best. People went to the cinema to see
the “little man ”win. Most of them wanted to be like Mickey.
• On November 18, 1978, Mickey became the first cartoon
character to have a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
Today’s cartoons are usually not so simple as little Mickey
Mouse, but everyone still knows and loves him. Who has a
pair of ears more famous than Mickey’s?
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Do you know what a resolution is? It’s a kind of promise. Most of the time,
we make promises to other people. (“Mom, I promise I’m going to tidy my
room when I get back from school.”) However, promise you make to
yourself are resolutions, and the most common kind is New Year’s
resolutions. ___________________ When we make resolutions at the
beginning of the year, we hope that we are going to improve our lives.
Some people write down their resolutions and plans for the coming year.
This helps them to remember their resolutions. Others tell their family and
friends about their wishes and plans.
There are different kinds of resolutions. Some are about physical health.
For example, some people promise themselves they are going to start an
exercise program or eat less fast food. Many resolutions have to do with
self-improvement. _________________ Some people might say they are
going to take up a hobby like painting or taking photos, or learn to play
the guitar. Some resolutions have to do with better planning, like making
a weekly plan for schoolwork. ____________________
Although there are differences, most resolutions have one thing in
common. People hardly ever keep them! ____________________
Sometimes the resolutions may be too difficult to keep. Sometimes
people just forget about them. For this reason, some people say the best
solution is to have no resolutions! How about you—will you make any
next year?
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