Introducing Human Resource Management
Chapter No: 1st
By: Margaret Foot & Caroline Hook
Third Edition
Prepared By: Omid Sabah
Master (Economics)
Master (Management)
Introducing Human Resource
By the end of this chapter you
will be able to:
 What is HRM?
 Why we are concerned with
 What is meant by the terms
personnel management?
 Shifting from personnel
management to HRM
 Concept of People working
as individual, Group, and
What is Human Resource Management?
Managerial function that tries to match an
organizations needs to the skills and abilities of its
Managing the people in organization is called HRM
Concerned with attracting, maintaining and
developing people in organization
Human Resource Management
Why We are Concerned with HRM?
Today if you are running a project what
source do we need more to be
Arrangement of Technology?
Arrangement of Budget?
Arrangement of Land?
Arrangement of People?
Human resource arrangement is a big deal
for any type of business success
What is Meant by Personnel
Is the study of how employers obtain,
develop, utilize, maintain, the right
number of persons for the right work or
Primary Activities of Personnel
Planning company picnics or to arrange some
parties of fun programs for the department
 Scheduling Vacation
Example: Who should leave for holiday this
 Enrolling workers for health-care coverage
 Planning retirement parties
Shifting from Personnel
management to HRM (History)
Personnel management has been a recognized
function in the USA since 1890s
Management thinking was developed until 1950s
Human Relations can effect productivity
In 1970, the job of HR manager was to keep their
companies out of court
From the 1970s onwards, change was the primary
Because all of the mentioned changes in
personnel management the concept of HRM was
emerged in 1990 and 20th s
Organizations changed with Time
What was the primary concern of organizations at that time (Century
 Before 1900, there main concern was producing more and more, to
bring more people in production place
 1900-10, Employee Welfare: At this time organization was a little
thinking that employee need something to eat and give some
1930-40, Unionization and productivity: with union there was great
1940-50, Economic Security: The more economic resources you
have the more you were secured
 1950-60, Human Relations can direct effect the production
 1960-70, Employment Law: Rule and regulation about employment
should be strong
 1970-80, Quality of Work Life (QWL): Working in safe environment
where stress is less
Example: If you have good computer with air-conditioned and good
furniture off course you will be more energetic and motivated
Organizations changed with Time
1980-1990, Employee Displacement: New technologies
were introduced, people were differentiating that this
worker is good and this is not, ten persons work can be
done by five persons
1990-2000, The main concern was productivity,
efficiency, and quality
2000, how to survive from competitive pressures
Shifting from personnel management
to HRM
Mechanistic Period
Legalistic Period
Organistic Period
Strategic Period
Catalytic Period
Mechanistic Period (1940-50): Manufacturing
was the driver of industry and the HR was
performed in mechanical way
Shifting from personnel
management to HRM (Continued)
Legalistic Period (1960-70): Rules and regulations
were made to control the employee through this
Organistic Period (1980): To bring change in work
environment because to make organization profit
Strategic Period (1990): HR becomes a truly
strategic function
Catalytic Period (2000): To speed up the reaction
Example: Today new trends are entering the organizations
but HR is playing a key role in that
Concept of people working as
Individuals, Groups and Teams
Individual: Those who wish to work
individually in organization want pride
and need recognition
Group: A group is just a collection of
people with something in common
Why do People Join Group?
Because of the following reasons:
 Security: In organization and society getting more
people get together with each other means secure
 Status: Every person is feeling pride that other
people should give him/her respect
 Social Need: Every person inside society wants to
communicate and participate
 Power: Alone if you are talking no one will lesson
but as a group every one can pay attention
 Goal Achievement: Achieving something alone
can not be productive than achieving in group
Types of Groups
Formal Groups: Gathering of people
and assign them work from organization
Informal Groups: People from different
minds, attitudes close together and they
form a group
The word team stands for?
 T=?
 E= ?
 A= ?
 M= ?
“Its easy to get players, Getting them to play
together, that the hard part”
A team is internally organized, with specific goals
and usually with specific roles for different
members of the team
Types of Teams
Following are some essential types of team:
 Problem Solving Team: This team is form
because to solve specific problem
 Self-Managed Team: Team which is able to
manage their self various types of condition
 Cross-Functional Team: Different members of
departments are getting together to solve the
 Virtual Team: Communication between a team in
various different locations
Example: one member of team is in Kabul another
in USA, all they should communicate with each
How to bring Individuals into Teams?
Following are the effective ways:
 Selection: Here selection means picking
the right person for the job
 Training: By picking the person only is
not enough but to train and develop
 Rewards: When he or she shows
excellent efforts a reward should be
given to him or her
Key Differences between Teams and
Team: team building can take years
Group: group building can take a few minutes
Team: team is more difficult to form because
members of team may be selected from there
skill, experience
Group: group is much easy to form
Example: If you had a room filled with
professional accountants, for example, they
can be grouped according to gender, age, and
other common factors
Key Differences between Teams
and Groups (Continued)
In a group, members think they are
grouped together for administrative
purposes only.
In a team, members recognized their
dependence and understand both
personal and team goals are best
accomplished with mutual support.
Key Differences between Teams
and Groups (Continued)
In a group, members tend to focus on
themselves because they are not
sufficiently involved in planning the unit's
In a team, members feel a sense of
ownership for their jobs and unit,
because they are committed to values
based common goals which they helped
NO: 1