Chapter 2- Food Science

Why Study Food Science?
 1.
 2.
 3.
 4.
 5.
entry-level jobs
integrated pest management (IPM)
sustainable farming
6. How can studying food science help you
manage your physical health?
7. Describe what the career of a food
scientist is like.
8. What global issues might find solutions in
food science?
9. How do advancements in food science
promote environmental protection?
10. Give 3 examples of how food science
promotes environmental protection.
Personal benefits- It will be helpful to you.
 Protecting your health- you will have the
knowledge to make better decisions about food
 Understanding food safety- People who study
food science learn what it takes to keep the food
supply safe for themselves & others.
 Gaining practical skills- you can increase your
cooking skills in the kitchen.
 Exploring careers- the field of food science is so
varied, many different careers are possible.
 As
a personal benefit, studying food science
can help you______.
a. Choose a healthful way to prepare food
b. Evaluate nutritional claims made for a food
c. Discover an exciting career
d. All of the above
 Entry-level
jobs- those that don’t require
experience or training. Ex. Salad maker
 Most careers in food science require a
degree. People who do scientific research
often get an advanced degree like a master’s
or Ph.D. Ex. A scientist who finds food
products & packaging that can go into space.
 Entrepreneurs- they run businesses of their
own. Ex. Freelance writing or operating a
food processing business.
 Someone
with a degree in food science might
be found working in a _______.
a. Corn field
b. Magazine office
c. Health clinic
d. All the above.
Food science can influence & improve the
survival of a healthy world population. It is also
a kind of “current event.”
 Food for the world’s people- Food Scientists can
try to understand some global situations,
problems, and possible solutions. Cure for world
hunger. Ex. Better preservation & distribution of
food to where it is needed to avoid being
 Biodiversity- Cultivating a variety of plants &
animals. Ex. Scientists modify a plant so that it
grows more quickly, yet still grows in poor soil.
 Public
Health & Safety- Food scientists aim
to make the food supply the best it can be
nutritionally and ensure the safety of the
food supply.
 Effects on Families- Food science benefits
families since scientists continue to learn
more about nutrients and as a result, there
are many healthful products that are safe to
eat. Also, food science plays a role in
processing and preserving foods to have
quick meals.
Environmental protection goes hand in hand with
agricultural improvement. Ex. Breeding hardier
plants reduces the need for chemical fertilizers
and pesticides. Research continues into energyand cost-saving technologies for processing,
storing, and transporting foods.
 Sustainable farming- producing food by natural
methods that fit local needs and conditions. Ex.
A farmer might graze dairy cows on land that
does not support crops.
 Integrated
pest management (IPM)- controls
pests with nonchemical deterrents. It is a
system-wide approach of natural controls to
help manage the land. Ex. Composting plant
 An
advantage of integrated pest management
is that it often_______.
a. Cost less than using chemicals
b. Upsets the environment less than chemical
c. Finds uses for previously unwanted plants
or insects
d. All of the above
practice that might be used in sustainable
farming is _______.
a. Enriching the soil with compost
b. Adding vitamins to chicken feed
c. Improving a fruit’s appearance with a safe
wax coating.
d. All of the above
 You
will learn what makes one food different
from another.
 Why people form food preferences.
 You will see science at work in everyday life.
 You will carry out lab experiments.
 The information you gain will serve you well
throughout life.
grandparent looks for help in choosing
healthful foods for her changing nutrition
 Advances in feeding & breeding produce
cattle that have leaner beef.
 Scientists discover how to use a native weed
in a nutritious feed for cows.
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