五. 形容词、副词 1. 形容词作用 n. adj. 2. 形容词构成与变化 v. adj. 3. 形容词级 opposites prefixes前缀 suffixes后缀 形容词的作用： medical examination today? I 1.Can I have a ________ don’t feel well. (medicine) 放在名词之前，作定语。 修饰不定代词后置 （ something important ） 2.The song sounds __________.(wonderfully) wonderful 放在系动词之后，作表语 (be, feel, look, smell, taste, sound, get,become,keep, turn,seem,stay等) pen when you are away. 3.Do not leave the door o_____ 放在宾语之后，作宾语补足语 常与make,leave,keep,find等连用 形容词的构成： 一、n. adj. 1）.名词+ ful/less变为形容词 useful useless careful helpful careless helpless harmful cheerful meaningful harmless cheerless meaningless colourful delightful wonderful colourless / / / / endless noiseless 形容词的构成： 2).名词+ y变为形容词 rainy, sunny foggy stormy, windy, snowy, frosty, cloudy, lucky, healthy, sleepy, noisy, guilty… 3）.名词+ al变为形容词 musical, national, natural, 4).名词+ ly变为形容词 lovely, friendly, lonely, lively weekly, daily… 形容词的构成： 二、v. adj. 二、 worried /interested/surprised/excited /amazed… 多指人对事物的感受，主语一般是人， “感到……” worrying/ interesting/surprising/exciting /amazing… 多指事物对人的影响，一般修饰事物, “使/令人……” worried She can’t find her cat. 1. Miss Zhang looks very ________. (worry) interested in such an __________ interesting 2. Daniel is really _________ detective story. (interest) 形容词的构成： un im 反义词 unimportant, unnecessary, uninteresting, uncommon, unhappy, unfriendly, uncomfortable, unable, unwelcome impossible, impolite, impatient in incorrect, inactive, inexpensive dis ir dishonest, disabled irregular local businesses. 1.We raised much money from _______ (当地的) blind (失明的) people? 2.How can we help _______ excellent 3.It is an ________(极好的) chance for us to learn team spirit. idy 4.Students should keep their class room clean and t_______. atural disasters. 5.Bad weather sometimes cause n_______ negetic 6.Millie has lots of energy and she is really e_______. 中考链接 1. The weather today is ______ sunny (sun) but it’ll be cloudy ______tomorrow. (cloud) sleepy asleep inin fell_______ _______ class 2. He went to bed late last night. He He felt class in the morning. (sleep) in the morning. 3. I think your suggestions will be valuable ________ (value) to me. +able (comfortable) useless 4. He tells us it is ________ to learn without thinking. (use) helpful 5. I love China. People here are very kind and ________. (help) 中考链接 D 1. The meat smells ____.Throw it away.(2012 宿迁） A. well B. good C. badly D. bad 2. ---Why did you vote for Maggie ? ---Because she is very ______. She always shares things C with others.(2012 连云港） A. practical B. active C. generous D. energetic 3. ---Mr Smith, I don’t think we can get there on time by bike. A ---You mean it’s ______for us to take a taxi ? (2011 南京） A. necessary B. important C. possible D. difficult 形容词的级 1. 形容词原级比较 1).as…as… 2). not so/as…as… 例1.They got a Christmas tree and it was as as ____ D _ as ours. A. much taller B. taller C. tallest D. tall 2. 形容词的比较级 Amy collects ________ NBA stickers than Daniel. 1). more than 2). .... .... 3. 形容词的最高级 1). of…/in…/among… 2) ... 形容词的比较级(Comparative)和最高级(Superlative) 构成方法 原级 单音节词和少数双音节 词在词尾加-er或-est tall 比较级 taller 最高级 tallest 以字母e结尾的形容词， 加-r或-st nice 重读闭音节,词尾只有一 个辅音字母时，应先双 写辅音字母，再加-er或est big bigger biggest hot hotter hottest 以辅音字母+y结尾的双 音节词，先改“y”为 “i”,再加-er或-est healthy nicer healthier nicest healthiest 形容词的比较级和最高级 不规则变化 原级 比较级 最高级 good/well better best bad/badly worse worst old many/much little far older/elder oldest/eldest more most less least farther/further farthest/ furthest 原级、比较级、最高级之间的转换 1. He is the tallest student in his class. than any =He is taller ____ ____ other ______student in his class. =He is taller than _____the ______ other students in his class. taller ______him. than else in his class is ______ = Nobody _____ ______ 《中考指导书》P14第三大题第9题 最高级形式 --- 比较级 than any other + n(单数) ----比较级 than the +other +n (复数） ---Nobody else …than… --- Nobody else ….as…as… 中考链接 1.Which one is ______, this one one or that one one? (12镇江) B this A. well B. better C. more D. most B 2. I had to call a taxi because the box was ______than I expected. (12 苏州） A. heavy B. heavier C. the heavier D. the heaviest B （12南通） 3. Of the two pairs of jeans, the black one is _____. A. the expensive C. the less expensive B. more expensive D. the most expensive 4. He is __________(tall) of the two.（12无锡） the taller 中考链接 C 1.Which singer is _______, Jay chou, Cai Yilin or Pan Weibo ? A. famous B. more famous C. the most famous 2. This schoolbag is not expensive. And the price of it is the ____ A of the three.（12 盐城） A. lowest B. biggest C. highest D. smallest C 3. Shu-How Lin is one of _____basketball players in the NBA. (12 福州） A. popular B. more popular C. the most popular 形容词的特殊用法 1. 只能用作表语的形容词 ill ； alone；alive； afraid 2. 形容词修饰不定代词，后置, (something important) else 修饰不定代词和疑问词（who else; sth else） 3. 形容词原形+ enough +to do… 可以和so/such... that..; too... to... 4. 有表示程度的副词（短语）a little,a bit, a lot, much, even, far…等; 可以修饰形容词比较级 补充：需要掌握的句型转换 1. He is taller than any other boy in his class. = He is taller than the other boys in his class. = He is the tallest (boy) in his class. 2. He is too young to look after himself. = He is not old enough to look after himself. = He is so young that he can’t look after himself. = He is such a young boy that he can’t look after himself.