Giving an Effective Lecture: Making Your Next Teaching

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Giving an Effective Lecture:
Making Your Next Teaching
Presentation Better
Andy Fine, MD, FACP
[email protected]
303-388-4500 cell
Goals/ objectives
• The goals of this presentation will be to
convince you that you need effective
presentation skills, teach you some
effective public speaking skills, and
motivate you to work on these skills.
• We will review tips and model behaviors
that will enable you to make your next
presentation go better
Objectives
• Organize a teaching presentation with
special emphasis on an effective opening
and strong closing
• Demonstrate/model helpful presentation
techniques
• Create and deliver presentations more
effectively
• Constructively criticize the future
presentations of others when you listen to
them
Session Overview
• Didactic Presentation interweaved with
small group breakouts
• Presenting yourself
• Multimedia tricks
• Top 10 tips for successful presentations
• The secret of life
Improving Your Presentations
• Why do physicians need skills in
public speaking?
• Can we improve our skills in public
speaking?
Presenting Yourself and
Your Credentials
• Opening slide
• e-mail address
• Written introduction for host
PowerPoint Survey
Most Annoying
• Speaker reading slides 60%
• Text too small 51%
• Having the slides typed out in
completely full sentences. 48%
• Hard to see colors 37%
• Overly complex charts 22%
• Moving /flying text 24%
Don’t let the slides take away from y
• Major Criteria
• Patient
– F ≥ 39 for ≥ 7d
– Quotidien fever (evenings)
– Arthralgias or arthritis ≥ 2 weeks – Arthralgias for several
weeks
– Characteristic rash
– Transient pink rash on
– Leukocytosis (≥ 10000, ≥ 80% granulocytes)
torso associated with fever
• Minor Criteria
– Leukocytosis (WBCs
– Sore throat
54000, predominant
– Recent lymphadenopathy
neutrophils)
– Hepato- or splenomegaly
– Abnl LFTs (esp. transaminases and –LDH)
Sore throat
– Neg. (or low titer)ANA and RF
– Cervical LAD
• Exclusion: Malignancy, Infection, other
– CTD
Mild SM on CT scan
– Mild transaminitis
– Neg ANA and RF
– Ferritin 762
PowerPoint Basics
Headings 36-40 Point Type
• Use preferably 32 (this!) text point type
….smallest recommended: 24 (this!)
• this is 28
• Use Arial
• Times New Roman harder to read from the
back of room
UPPERCASE vs. Mixed Case
• IT WILL TAKE THE AUDIENCE
LONGER TO READ SLIDES THAT
ARE ALL UPPER CASE
• Instead use only uppercase to
EMPHASIZE specific text
• Better still use bold or color instead
AV Issues
Insider Tips
• Don’t have pagers/phones on (even in
silent mode) with a lavaliere mike
• Mike Position: 2 fists below chin
• Keep mike close to center
• Watch interference from scarf or hair
Top Ten Tips
Number 10
• 10. Meet the needs of the audience
• So what?
• Who cares?
• What’s in it for me?
9. Have a clear purpose
• what goals do you wish to accomplish
• difference between subject, title,
and purpose
8. Organize the presentation
• opening statement
• limited number of points
• strong closing
• graceful exit
• let me summarize the key points
• a question I am often asked….
7. Eliminate unnecessary
information
• 6. Don’t go overtime
• 5. Concentrate on delivery:
• face the audience
• change your voice inflection
• slow down
• use pauses
• no lazers!
4. Make it a performance
• smile
• enthusiasm
• hand gestures
● tell a story
• Use videos/ pictures
It’s not what you say but how you
say it
What gets communicated
7% words
38% voice
55% Body Language
What you remember
• Listen 5%
• Read 10%
• Lecture and slides
20%
• Discussion 50%
• Practice 75%
The Secret of Life
• Do the things you really want to do
• Be with the people you care about
3.Take the edge off of nervousness
• most anxiety doesn’t show
• comfortable posture
• voice
• eye contact
• be prepared
Top Two Tips
• 2. Be funny
Joke about yourself not others
• 1. Practice, Practice, Practice
After Each Presentation
Create a Chart
What Went Well:
1) Opening hook
2) Enthusiastic
3) Hand gestures
Areas to improve:
1) Slow down
2) Smile
3) Repeat questions
Presentation Goals
• Get your buy-in
• Teach tips to improve your future
presentations
• Motivate you to work on improving
these skills
• Demonstrate these skills
• Improve your constructive critiques of
colleagues
If You Remember
Only 3 things….
• Organize the presentation
• Make it a performance
• Your presentation skills, are as
important as your message
Practice
• Out loud, in front of mirror, or to a
friend
• The more you practice the better
you’ll be
If You Remember
Only 3 things….
• Organize the presentation
• Make it a performance
• Your presentation skills, are as
important as your message
You best teacher
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To finish, here is a quick exercise: think of the best teacher you have ever known. Perhaps
someone from your professional education, or perhaps a high school or primary school teacher, a
music teacher, or sports coach! What was it that made this teacher outstanding?
Most health professionals cite from the following list of characteristics:
◆ patience;
◆ respect;
◆ humor;
◆ compassion;
◆ feedback;
◆ interaction;
◆ authority and engagement;
◆ enthusiasm and encouragement;
◆ awareness of teaching moments;
◆ emphasis on learning from mistakes;
◆ balance between discipline and enjoyment;
◆ concern with process and perspective, not just content;
◆ commitment to, and confidence in, the learner’s experience
Gratitude To The Unknown
Instructors
What they undertook to do
They brought to pass;
All things hang like a drop of dew
Upon a blade of grass.
William Butler Yeats
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