An Introduction to the EDGE Method A Method for Training Future Leaders! EDGE is an effective process for Training, Teaching or Leading, that describes two way communication between the trainer and the learner. Exploring EDGE Explain Demonstrate Guide Enable Where did EDGE come from? Wood Badge for the 21st Century – about 10 years ago National Youth Leadership Training (NYLT) – about 7 years ago January 2011 Tenderfoot Requirement 4.c. Using the EDGE method, teach another person how to tie the square knot. Life Requirement 6. While a Star Scout, use the EDGE method to teach a younger Scout the skills from ONE of the following seven choices, so that he is prepared to pass those requirements to his unit leader's satisfaction. a. Second Class - 7a and 7c (first aid) b. Second Class - 1a (outdoor skills) c. Second Class - 3c, 3d, 3e, and 3 d. First Class - 8a, 8b, 8c, and 8d (first aid) e. First Class - 1, 7a, and 7b (outdoor skills) f. First Class - 4a, 4b, and 4d (cooking/camping) g. Three requirements from one of the Eagle-required merit badges, as approved by your unit leader. Where did EDGE come from? Cont. Further… EDGE is a tool for modeling the Four Stages of Teaching or Leading And The Four stages of Team Development Stages of Team Development Forming Storming Norming Performing EDGE Centers on the concept that Learners and Teams all go through Four Distinct Stages of Development Example Using EDGE – the Bowline Example Using EDGE – the Bowline Explain is Associated with: High enthusiasm, Low skills Example Using EDGE – the Bowline Demonstrating is Associated with: Low enthusiasm, Low skills Example Using EDGE – the Bowline Guiding is Associated with: Rising enthusiasm, Growing skills Example Using EDGE – the Bowline Enabling is Associated with: High enthusiasm, High skills “What is EDGE™?” The key to making EDGE™ work is to use it for all teaching opportunities. Make it a habit. 1. Explain—The Trainer/Leader explains how something is done. An effective leader will do lots of careful explaining to learners understand exactly what to do and how to do it. 1. Demonstrate—After the Trainer/Leader explains, the trainer demonstrates while explaining again. 2. Guide—The learner tries the skill while the trainer guides him through it. 3. Enable—The trainee works on his own under the watchful eye of the trainer. The trainer’s role in this step is to remove any obstacles to success, which enables the learner to succeed. Why Is Explaining An Important Part Of Teaching? It clarifies the subject What Is The Importance Of Demonstrating A Skill? It allows the learner to see as well as hear What Is The Purpose Of Guiding? It allows learning by doing and shows depth of understanding Why Is Enabling Important? It allows learner to use and repeat skills Stages of Team Development Forming Low skill but high enthusiasm Excited about learning the skill Doesn't yet know how to perform the skill Storming The learner starts to be discouraged Skill level is still low Because the learner now knows how much work is involved, enthusiasm is low Norming The learner makes advances in skill through hard work As skill level rises so does enthusiasm Performing The learner has mastered the skill Enthusiasm is high The learner is now able to teach another the skill Stages of Team Development Team Stage Forming Development Phase High enthusiasm, Low skills Storming Low enthusiasm, Leadership Behavior That Is Best for That Stage Explaining Demonstrating Low skills Norming Rising enthusiasm, Guiding Growing skills Performing High enthusiasm, high skills Enabling When a team starts to learn a new skill or work toward a new goal, it will go back to the Forming stage. 1. It starts with Explain, which is typically a trainer led activity. 2. Next, the trainer Demonstrates the concept or skill correctly so the learner has a clear image in his or her mind of what success looks like. 3. Then, the learner gets fully engaged by giving it a go under the watchful eye of the trainer, who provides instant feedback to Guide him or her toward success. 4. Lastly, the trainer Enables the learner— giving over control and supporting the learner by giving him or her a chance to fly solo. This means that the learner can successfully use the new knowledge and skills. That’s an overview of the EDGE model, a training model developed originally to standardize the way youth leaders transfer (teach) a skill in Scouting. Most of the syllabi we are currently using are not written in the EDGE model. NYLT is the exception. EDGE has considerable reapplication in training, Developing Communication Skills is Fundamental to the EDGE Method Explaining Communication Skills Communication Teaching is communicating information from one person or group to another What communication skills have I been using? Neutral Position Neutral Position (cont.) Stand straight and tall, but not so much that it gets uncomfortable. Let arms hang freely by your side letting them know that participation is welcome. “Neutral Position is a ‘ready’ position that is comfortable for the speaker and does not draw undo attention” Feet (cont.) Do not pace or rock. Each movement should have a purpose. If you notice that your listeners are not fully engaged, you can move toward them to regain their attention. Hands(cont.) * Move your entire arm. Not just the elbow * Large gestures rather than small tight ones * Do not Jam hands in pockets, keep them out where they can be used * Open handed gestures invite * Constant arm movement can be distracting. Mouth/Voice, cont. • Learners should be able to hear without straining. Tip: Speak so someone standing behind the last learner in the room can hear. • Adjust to accommodate the room’s acoustics. Tip: Move the tables closer to you or use a microphone. • Tone should be confident, enthusiastic, and pleasant, but never sarcastic. Remember: A Scout is friendly, courteous, and kind. • Speed is important. Too fast reduces effectiveness, too slow is boring. Tip: Ask a co-trainer to signal you to go faster or slower. • Be clear, and avoid slang, acronyms, and filler words. Tip: Ask a co-trainer to give you feedback Eyes, cont. •Be aware of all events in the room. Make a conscious choice to act on or ignore what you see. Tip: Act to assure that most learners are not distracted from the learning. • Establish eye contact with everyone. Tip: Look at a learner for the length of one sentence, then look at another learner. • Interpret what you see from eye contact, and decide any action. Tip: If they are squirming, give them a break. Ears, cont. •Listen with the intent to understand, not with the intent to reply. Tip: Summarize and repeat back the question before answering to confirm your understanding. • Be aware of the learners’ audible signals— judge whether or not to respond. Tip: Assure that most learners are not distracted from learning. • Be comfortable with silence—not talking opens the door for others to participate. Tip: Many adults take three to five seconds to think of an answer. Teens typically take seven to 12 seconds. Good Posture is • • • • • Feet Hands Mouth Eyes Ears NEUTRAL POSITION • Remember that to truly master a skill requires a lot of practice • EDGE is helpful whenever you are in either a teaching or a leadership position • EDGE–(Explaining,Demonstrating, Guiding, Enabling) –defines approaches useful for different stages in teamdevelopment.