Tools and methods for analysing value chains

Tools and methods for analysing value chains
- how far have we got in practice?
Felicity Proctor
November 6-9, 2012
Session Respondent
This presentation:
• Overview and user demand – reflections from a CTA
commissioned study
– Felicity Proctor and Valerio Lucchesi (2011) Mapping Study on
Value Chain Initiatives in ACP regions. See UNECA-CTA
Conference 2012 website
• Respondent to the session presentations
Mapping Study on Value Chain Initiatives in
ACP regions
Methodology and approach – in summary
Literature review including grey
ACP commissioned papers
Key initiatives review (X15 programmes reviewed)
Key informant interviews (X15 – ACP regional)
Electronic survey (65 – all stakeholder types)
Mapping Study on Value Chain Initiatives in
ACP regions – some observations
• Significant level of donor programme investment in Value
Chain Development (VCD) in ACP regions
• Multiple tools and methods applied but few are explicit on the
tools and methods used
• ‘VC Development paradigm’ - largely development partner and
northern institution led
• Multiple interventions made within a given ‘value chain
development’ initiative but weak articulation of how choices
were made
Chain development interventions – vertical
(frequency across portfolio of 15 initiatives, per cent)
Proctor and Lucchesi, 2011
Chain development interventions – horizontal
(frequency across portfolio of 15 initiatives, per cent)
Proctor and Lucchesi, 2011
BUT …what happens in practice (review X15 initiatives ACP):
observations relevant to MG
• Weak definition of the intended ultimate beneficiaries and causal
linkages of intervention for poverty reduction and small-scale
producer/SME outcomes
• ‘Full chain’ versus ‘partial chain’ interventions? - Interventions rarely
along entire VC
• ‘Supply/market’ chain versus ‘value’ chain?
• Institutional setting for VCD weakly articulated
• Weak coordination/linkages between multiple (and different donor
supported) VCD programmes (and methods used) in given country
• Limited use of/availability of national expertise
• Few impact assessment /end of programme reviews including of tool and
methods used and of outcome/impact
Raises questions about
• Suitability of and access to VCD tools and methods available
• The use/application of such VCD tools and methods
• Pre-set development partner /donor ideas on intended intervention
type – lack of flexibility to address priority perceived needs/or
sequence interventions in an optimal manner
• Lack of post programme evidence-based and publically available
impact assessments to inform refinement of VCD tools and
methods, etc
• Inadequate mechanisms and structures for shared understanding
and learning at all levels
• Inadequate country/regional level VCD skills capacities and of
wider leadership
Perspective of users of MG:
Do available resources meet your needs?
Case studies on innovation on SSPand SMEs inclusion in VC
Case studies in market information systems
Case studies on VC business models
Examples of relevant policies and legislation
Relevant research on VC
Analyses of specific VC relevant to your country
Case studies on multi-stakeholder structures
Information on how to set up market information systems
Information on how to set up multi-stakeholder structures
Information on how to strengthen multi-stakeholder dialogue
Number of respondents
Proctor and Lucchesi, 2011
Today's presentations:
• An analytical review of eleven Value Chain methodological guides
(Donovan et al 20XX in draft- ICRAF/CTA)
• Two case examples: ValueLinks and CARE (which is based in the
work of CIAT, 2007). Both case examples given are part of the
ICRAF/CTA review
This ICRAF-led methodological review is a first to try to do a
comparative study of this type – thus a useful contribution to work
on chain development
Analytical Review (ICRAF) - reflection
• Sample – Methodological guides (MG) what sampling method used? omissions
possibly those with strong VC quantitative (costs, value, time) assessments e.g.
– Foreign Investment Advisory Service (FIAS)/IFC: Moving Toward
Competitiveness: A Value Chain Approach - 2007
– WB: Competitive Commercial Agriculture in SSA - Keyser 2006
– CIRAD/CGPRT: Handbook based on CADIAC - Bourgeois and Herrera 1998
• Intended users and accessibility of information
– Provides information on scope/coverage of the 11 MGs . Much useful material
reviewed – but currently researcher focussed
– Categorised by 8 elements - Difficult to explore the causal linkages in given MG
i.e. between development objectives’ (specifically ‘chain-wide development’ cf
‘VCD’) ‘data collection’ and ‘tools used’ – so not comparing like with like or
providing easy access for practitioners
– Would benefit from also presenting the ICRAFanalysis by each MG
Analytical Review (ICRAF) - reflection
• Setting market and value chain development in wider development
– Need for new thinking on how to place MGs on value and market chain
development (tools and methods) in the wider development environment
• MGs cannot cover all aspects of interventions to support the
development of the market-value chain
– Need for new thinking on how MGs can draw down on related good
practice e.g. laws/policy for wholesale market reform, grades and
standards, contract law, etc
• How are MG updated and maintained
– With some exceptions e.g. USAID and ValueLinks, there is little
upgrading of the materials used on an ongoing basis
MGs in general - some final thoughts
• Enhance documentation and shared learning on VC methods and tools
– We don’t know - what is used and by whom and when in practice and
how well a given MG work and what has not worked – evidence based
• Enhance ease of access to content of MG for users in local context
– No one tool or method is optimal – but more effort needed to make valid
– Make tools and methods more accessible
• Increase debate and capacity at national and regional levels to select tools
and methods fit for local context
– Avoid multiplicity of different MGs used in local context by different
donors and their consultants
– Enable national practitioners to select and use the best tools and
methods which work in their context (also called for in the ACP study)
Thank you
Felicity Proctor