Lester B. Pearson 1963-1968 KEVIN LIANG The Early Years Lester Bowles Pearson was born in Newton Brook, Ontario in 1897 His father was a Methodist minister Excellent athlete and student Enrolled in history at the University of Toronto Received the nickname Mike Rise To Power Joined the Department of foreign affairs Became Canada’s Ambassador to the United States He had an important part in founding both the United Nations and NATO Won the Noble Peace Prize for defusing the Suez Crisis through the United Nations Rise to Power cont’d Won in seat in the House of Common for Algoma East under the Liberal Party After St. Laurent’s resignation Pearson was elected leader of the Liberal Party Became Prime Minister of Canada in the 1963 general election 1963 General Election 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 128 95 24 19 Accomplishments as a PM Accomplished many things under a minority government Brought in Universal Healthcare, the Canada Pension Plan, and the Canada Student Loans Established the new national flag, the Maple Leaf. Established legislations such as the 40-hour work week, two weeks vacations time, and a new minimum wage Improved Canada-US relationship Started a number of Royal Commissions Instituted a race-free immigration system Issues that were Unsuccessfully Tackle Unable to limit Conservative power during elections Signed the Automotive Products Trade Agreement Did not send troops to Vietnam Deteriorated the situation between Canada and France The Final Days Announced on December 14, 1967 his retirement from politics A new liberal leader was called: Pierre Trudeau Served as Chancellor of Carleton University in Ottawa Died in 1972 and was buried just north of Gatineau, Quebec Lester B. Pearson’s Impact “Pearson’s Canada is today’s Canada” Established the things that made Canadians feel proud Created a sense of nationalism After Pearson, French was made an official language, and the Canadian government would provide services in both Truly Great and Textbook Great “The choice, however, is as clear now for nations as it was once for the individual: peace or extinction” Lester B. Pearson Bibliography Internet "Pearson-Profiles-First Among Equals." 2010. <http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/2/4/h4-3350-e.html>. "Lester B. Pearson - MiniBio." Canadian Content. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2010. <http://www.canadiancontent.net/people/politics/Lester-B.Pearson.html>. "Lester B. Pearson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki> Book Cohen, Andrew. Lester B. Pearson. London: Penguin Canada, 2008. Print. Film Lester B. Pearson . Dir. Andrew Cohen. Perf. Andrew Cohen. TVO, 2009. Film.