Key findings (cont…)

The role of gender in ensuring
improved Nutrition: a Case of
Dairy Goat Project in Kongwa
and Mvomero Districts, Tanzania
D. B. Mosha & J. G. Joyce Lyimo-Macha
• Malnutrition is a prevalent challenge in DCs
• In Tanzania, about 50% of population live in abject
poverty with a poor nutritional status.
• In Africa, TZ rank as third worst country with high rate of
• The prevalence rate of malnutrition of children under 5
years is still a big problem, with the highest rate in
Dodoma and Morogoro regions
Introduction cont…..
• Women in the two districts do most of HHD and
farm works (keeping small ruminants, growing crops, and
HHD chores)
• They are overworked
• Based on these challenges an engendered
integrated model of dairy goats and root crop
production was introduced (CGP Tanzania project)
• With a gender component
Project implementation approaches
• Baseline survey – MFFDs and WGDs was carried out
• Development of gender strategy,
• Gender analysis (roles, access, control and decision
• Gender trainings (men and women, & girls and
• Training on nutritional education
• However, little information on associations
between gender roles and improved nutrition.
Objective of the Study
• To assess gender roles and child nutritional
status among project beneficiaries.
• The study was conducted in four villages (two per
• 53 HHDs and 57 children were involved,
• Data collection tools:
– A structured questionnaire which also comprises
Harvard analytical framework questions was used ,
– Key informants interviews,
– Anthropometric measurements to assess the NS
• Secondary data – from publications and reports
• Data were analysed using SPSS
Key findings
• 126 farmers (64F) were trained on gender issues,
• 134 (70F) trained on nutritional education
• 41% of the owners of dairy goats are women
• Findings from Key informants evident that women
ownership of dairy goats is an effect of CGP TZ
project interventions
• Indicated by 66% women and 34% of men
Key findings (cont…)
• Productive works are shared, with exception of
milking, which is most done by women (78%) in
both MHH & FHH,
• Sharing of farm activities, give women more time
in child caring, preparation of food and feeding.
• Women have more access to production
resources, moreover less control of these
Key findings (cont…)
• Increase in women participation in decision making
at the HHD level.
• In male HDs, where males made the final decisions
14.5% of children were severely stunted and 17.6%
were moderately stunted.
• Decision making made by males is statistically
significant with stunted growth in Kongwa district,
but not Mvomero district.
Key findings (cont…)
• Cultural norms, food taboos, and practices affect
child nutritional status as men are favoured and
are given good portion of the food.
• Prevalence of polygamy, cohabite and divorce
was high interfere nutritional status of children:
• DC in polygamy is done by male,
• Cohabite FHH affected by overloaded roles and
• The divorce women are denied on their rights to access
production resources
Key Messages
• Women now owned dairy goats
• There is availability of goat’s milk in the communities
• Women are the one make decision on the use of goat milk
and expenditure of income from sell of milk- This increase
women autonomy ready to improve and diversified dietary intake at HHD
• The greater the extend of women’s influence over the
allocation of milk and food form the better the child’s
dietary intake and nutritional status
 Engendered interventions empower women
in agro- pastoral societies
 Availability and consumption of goat’s milk
 Supporting women to acquire at least two
dairy goats is expected to improve
availability of milk for young children
The project acknowledges financial support from IDRC
and commitment from farmers, district and research
Thank You!
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