The new revivalism of the early 1880s rejected the traditional Calvinist idea of what?
Only a chosen few were predestined for salvation
Large numbers of Irish immigrants began leaving their homeland in 1845 because why?
They were fleeing famine in
Elizabeth Cady Stanton shocked others in the women’s movement by proposing that they focus on what?
Gaining the right to vote
Manifest Destiny was the idea that God had given the continent to Americans and what else?
Wanted them to settle the western lands
What belief was underlying prison reform?
Rehabilitating prisoners rather than just locking them up
According to Mexican law, did new immigrants have to speak Spanish?
The Second Bank of the U.S. played an important role in what?
Keeping the money supply of the U.S. stable
Abolitionists argued that enslaved African Americans should be what?
Freed immediately, without compensation to former slave holders
Romanticism did not emphasize what?
Society over the individual
Mountain men played a vital role in western settlement because why?
They carved out several eastto-west trails that helped settlers move west
Under the National
Colonization Act, Mexico gave 26 empresarios large grants of land in exchange for a promise to do what?
Fill the land with a number of settlers
In the North, how did citizens view the abolitionist movement?
They held a wide range of views
In 1844 presidential race, candidate promised what?
Annex Texas and Oregon, and buy California from
Several states in the North passed “personal liberty laws” that did what?
Restricted slave recapture
Who told an audience that he was a thief and a robber because he stole this head, these limbs, this body from my master, and ran off with them?
Tax supported elementary schools in rural areas did not spread as quickly as in urban areas because why?
Children were needed to help with planting and harvesting
Why did the first pioneers become known as squatters?
They settled land they did not own
After winning independence from Mexico, most Texans voted for what?
Annexation to the U.S.
Andrew Jackson supported the spoils system because he believed what?
It opened up government to more ordinary people
Which other country claimed part of Oregon?
The Preemption Act of 1830 allowed squatters to do what?
Buy land from the government for the minimum price of $1.25 per acre
Supporters of gradualism believed that the first step in ending slavery was what?
Stop new slaves from being brought into the country
What was the goal of the
American Colonization Society?
Move African Americans to Africa
How much money did the
U.S. pay Mexico in the
Treaty of Guadalupe
The Bear Flag Republic came to an end when naval forces of the U.S. took possession of what?
What kind of movement was the Second Great Society?
Religious revival movement
What did people who formed utopian communities believe?
Society corrupted human nature
Supporters of James K. Polk cried “Fifty-four Forty or
Fight,” which meant what?
Oregon to the 54 40 north latitude line
How did the Donner Party try to survive?
Resorting to cannibalism
Seeking religious freedom, the Mormons traveled west settling in what is now where?
Mexico invited Americans and other foreigners to settle in
Texas because why?
Mexico could not persuade its own citizens to move to the frontier
Why did the Mexican government imprison Stephen Austin?
In 1844 presidential race, former president Martin Van
Buren lost his party’s nomination because why?
He did not publicly take a stand on annexation
An uprising by settlers in northern CA resulted in a victory for the settlers who did what?
Declared the region an independent republic
Why did President Polk replace
Zachary Taylor with Winfield
Scott as commander of the forces in Mexico?
Polk saw Taylor as a potential rival in the 1848 election
What did Mexico accept as the southern border of
Texas in the treaty that ended the war between
Mexico and the U.S.?
The Rio Grande