book 11

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Book 11 starts off the day after the battle, which killed Pallas.
Pallas has been laying in the dark. He is guarded by Acoetes who was
Evander’s armor-bearer in Arcadia.
Aeneas is viewing Pallas’ body and he is very bothered by the death of
this young warrior.
He calls 1000 grieving men to escort the body to Pallas’ father who is
King Evander. The King is very crushed to hear the news of his beloved
son’s death, but forgives Aeneas and wishes for the death of Turnus.
Back at the battlefield, messengers arrive from the Latin's, who request a
twelve day truce so that they can have time to bury the dead. Many
were dead and because of the war and to show respect they wanted
to have them buried properly. The request is granted by Aeneas.
Aeneas said that Pallas was to be the first buried.
Because of the many wars and battles that have been going on the city
has been going through difficult times. To think of a solution the Kings
call a council meeting to discuss what can be done. The council
discusses what Diomede’s answer was to their cry for help. He has
denied them help
At the council meeting everyone is blaming each other for
the tragedies and war. Drances speaks, blaming the
whole war on Turnus’ arrogance.
 The council members have turned against Turnus.
 Turnus is angered and says that he would fight Aeneas
alone without fear.
 The Trojans who are marching towards the Latins. In a
panic the Latin's rush to prepare themselves. Camilla has
joined the Latins defense.
 A spy has been conversing back and forth with Turnus that
Aeneas has divided his army.
 Turnus uses his brain and prepares a trap for the Trojans on
a mountain path.
 Camilla is put in charge of the defense while Turnus is
gone to the mountains.
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The battle is a fierce battle and Camilla is showing her great warrior skills. The goddess
Diana holds Camilla in high favor.
Diana sends Opis down to kill Arruns as an act of revenge .
Arruns prays to Apollo for help to defeat Camilla. Apollo grants his prayer and sends a
spear down to kill Camilla.
Everyone was there trying to help the beloved warrior. Arruns was even more upset and
had so many emotions running through him.
Her dying wish to for Acca to go to Turnus and tell him to take
The Latins scatter into the city and Acca decides to go inform her place in the battle
and fend the Trojans.
Seeing the death of Camilla Diana gets upset and wants to get revenge on Arruns. She
finds him and sends a bow right threw his flesh.
Acca goes to the forest where Turnus is setting up his plan and informs him of the bad
news. In panic Turnus leaves his position and runs out of the woods back to the city.
With Turnus not at his post Aeneas and his troops run right through and leave the forest
They both see each other running trough the woods.
They both stop at the city gates and camped out so they can reinforce their ramparts
of defense.
In our opinion, the most significant event
is when the Trojans come to fight against
the Latins. This set the tone for the rest of
the story, which was violence and death.
 The war left many wounded and killed. It
also left the Latins without a leader. This
event had an effect on the character’s
lives.
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“The Fates call me away to the other tears, I bid you hail for ever, heroic
Pallas, Forever Farewell!”
-Aeneas is speaking to Pallas’ body. He is
expressing his deep sorrow and anguish over the loss of his friend. This
shows how Aeneas is starting to show remorse.”
“Pay your last tribute to these glorious souls who have bought us our
country with their blood. And first let Pallas be borne to Evander’s
sorrowing city”. - This is being spoken by Aeneas to the people and his
soldiers. He is showing the Roman tradition by respecting the dead by
burying them. He is showing himself as a leader and as a friend To
Pallas.”
“What is so wonderful about a women fighting if she merely relies on the
mettle of her horse? Now set aside your means of flight and brace
yourself for a hand-to –hand fight on an equal footing you will soon see
to whom windy vanity brings its deserts.” This quote is being spoken by
Camilla to Brutes. Camilla is saying how being a woman doesn’t mean
that she doesn’t fight strong. She is saying that she doesn’t need to reliy
on anything, because she has all the strength. This will show how
determined Camilla will be during a war or battle. It’s foreshadowing
how Camilla will fight during a war.
“And he lay there like a flower plucked
by the fingers of a young girl”- simile
 “Day break has lifted from the sky its
chilling shadows” – personification
 “The tall ash trees rang to the stroke of
the two-edged ax” – metaphor or
alliteration
 “The dawn has raised her tonic light for
suffering mortals – personification
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Aeneas
Turnus
Camilla
Evander
Diomede
Drances
Pallas
Latius
Mezentius
Butes and Orsilochus
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Aeneas: protagonist who is son of the goddess Venus and
Anchise. He is the leader of the Trojan quest for Italy. He is
faced with many obstacles and his faith and determination is
tested along his journey.
Turnus: Leader of the Italian pack. He is very hot headed and
is focused on war. He and Aeneas have a hard time seeing
eye to eye. He in a way serves and an antagonist toward
Aeneas.
Camilla: Famous female warrior is an ally of Turnus and is a very
determined warrior.
 Evander: Former Greek who had become king of Pallanteum.
He helps Aeneas lead forces against Turnus to pay respect for his
sohn’s death.
 Arruns: A warrior that fought against Camilla and killed her with
the help of Apollo. Diana avenged Camilla’s death by killing
Arruns.
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Latinus : King of Latium. Head of the Italian Forces.
Weak- willed .
Mezentius: Ally of Turnus. He is an exiled Etruscan.
Pallas: Young warrior who was killed in the war
against the Latins. Friend of Aeneas and son of Latius.
Diomede: Greek Warrior who refuses to help the
Trojans.
Drances: Citizen who always was complaining.
Blamed Turnus for the war and other problems the
city was facing.
Apollo, Diana, Zeus: Gods and goddesses that
intervened.
Dido: Queen of Carthage. Loved Aeneas.
Orsilochus and Butes: two tough Trojans.
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Epithets:
Aeneas: Dardan Aeneas
Dido: Sidonian Dido
Achilles: Larissaean Achilles
Dido: Elissa
Symbols:
Fire symbolizes destruction and love.
Weather is used to symbolize their will. The
weather is used to describe objects and
even in some cases peoples attitudes.
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Motifs:
Prophecies and predications include dreams, visits from
the gods, and omens. These help foreshadow what has
happened and what is to come.
Vengeance is avenging the wrong for the death of a love
one or a wrongful act. This is shown by Evander when he
learns his son has died. He wants avenge on Turnus.
Cataloging was used a lot in book eleven.
Speeches/ Prayers:
Aeneas gave speeches. Arruns prayed to Apollo. The gods
like Diana and Zeus made several speeches. Certain
speeches and prayers that were made didn’t effect the
plot of the story. They would be Epic Digretion.
Diana helped Camilla on the battlefield by
sending Opus down to kill Arrun as an act of
revenge.
 Jupiter watched the war going on from Mt.
Olympus so he roused Etruscan Tarchon into
a ruthless battle and goaded his anger with
no gentle goads.
 Apollo heard the prayer Arruns and granted
to shock Camilla in sudden death.
 Diana got revenge for Camilla’s death by
killing Arruns.
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Book 11 foreshadows the fighting the will
have to take place in order to get to
Latium and King Latius. Aeneas says,
“Now we must march to the very walls of
Latium and be ready in fighting trim for
the upcoming battles”.
 This is saying that in order to get to Italy
the army will have to fight many wars
and go through many hardships. Pg. 303
in the Patrick Dickinson book.
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In book eleven we see the many
obstacles that Camilla had to face
because she was a woman. If you were
Camilla would have you backed down
or what fight your heart out? If you were
fighting against a woman on the
battlefield would you take it easy on
her? Explain!
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