India Taj Mahal, India History -Ancient Indus River civilization ~ 2500 BC -Invasions: -Aryans (Vedics) ~1500BC -Alexander Great ~326BC -Mongols/Ghenghis Khan -Mogul emperor Babar 1526 -1761 History - British East India Co. entered India ~1700s, expanding its power -Hindu and Muslim revolt ~1850s -British government took control “The Jewel in the Crown” -Independence won in 1947 History -After World War II they used green revolution to increase their food production. -Taj Mahal was built by Shah Jahan as a tomb for his wife. British Family in India Geography - 7th largest country - Himalayas, Thar Desert, Deccan Plateau, Ghats, lush rain forests Fertile river valleys: Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Indus -Sub-tropical climate: cool dry winter; hot dry summer; monsoons The Karakoram Range lies within the Himalayan mountain system, which forms part of India’s northern border. The approximately 60 peaks average 22,000 ft in height. The Deccan Plateau is a vast triangular region in peninsular India. The land is rocky but contains areas of fertile soils. Thar Desert Ganges River W I L D L I F E People Population ~ 1 billion 2nd most populous 72% rural, 35% poverty Language: Hindi 81% Hindu, 13% Muslim, Christian, Sikh, Buddhist Hindu Marriage Ceremony Untouchables The caste system of India evolved from Hindu law. Untouchables, people considered to have no caste, continue to suffer discrimination. Islamic Temple Golden Temple, Amritsar Ancient Buddhist Temple Buddhism began in India around 6BC. A period of royal patronage began with conversion of the Indian ruler Asoka in the 3rd century. Government -Capital-New Delhi -28 states and 7 territories -Representative democracy -Legislature: Council of States and People’s Assembly -member Commonwealth of Nations Calcutta is a major center for finance, shipping, and industry. Economy Currency Rupee Mainly agricultural ~ 49% arable land Workforce: 60% agriculture, 17% services, 23% industry GDP ~$3,700 per person Literacy ~ (60%) 61%; Life Exp. ~ (69) 67 Economy Crops: Rice, wheat, corn, oilseed, jute, cotton, tea, sugarcane, cashews, spices Natural Resources: coal, iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, oil, gas Industries: textiles, chemicals, cement, mining,computer software Rice Farming, India India’s agrarian economy Current Issues -Political instability -Poverty and population -Nuclear weapons -Disputes with Pakistan and China about the luxurious wools of Kashmir Microsoft ® Encarta ® Encyclopedia 2002. © 1993-2001 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.