Nativism Nativism • a policy of favoring native-born inhabitants over immigrants • the policy of protecting the interests of native inhabitants against those of immigrants Critical Attributes • Examples that show the attributes of the concept (positive example) and examples that show few or none of the attributes • e.g patriotism is this a + or – example of nativism? • POSITIVE • NEGATIVE Are the following scenarios positive or negative examples of nativism? 1. 2. 3. 11th grade parents request that their children are taught U.S. History by American born Eulau rather than immigrant Adams. The American President must be born in the U.S. Immigrants allowed to join the U.S. military before they are citizens. 4. American citizens face discrimination because of their race. 5.The celebration of Chinese New Year, St. Patrick's Day & Cinco de Mayo are banned, but not July 4th. 6. The belief that the crime rate is higher in immigrant areas Nativism scenarios cont. • Think of your own positive and negative scenarios of nativism. Palmer Raids 1918-1921 The Palmer Raids 1918-1921 • Anti-communist crusades • A. Mitchell Palmer was the Attorney General • 70,000 self professed communists in the U.S. in 1919 • Mitchell began a series of raids against communist organizations & political radicals • They concentrated on resident aliens rather than citizens, res. aliens had fewer rights Palmer Raids cont: • In one raid 249 res. aliens were deported to the Soviet Union • Are the Palmer Raids an example of Nativism why/why not? KKK in the 1920s Rise of the KKK • • The white men were roused by a mere instinct of selfpreservation … until at last there had sprung into existence a great Ku Klux Klan, a veritable empire of the South, to protect the Southern country. A History of the American People (1901), by Woodrow Wilson describing the Klan as a brotherhood of politically disenfranchised white men. Quoted in The Birth of a Nation Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s • Fought to maintain the dominance of a white Protestant culture • Anti black, Catholic , Jewish & immigrant • Preached racism and used violent fear tactics • Operated openly in the 1920s with a membership of 4 million • Glorified by the movie “Birth of a Nation” • Is the KKK an example of Nativism why/why not? Marcus Garvey & UNIA • “…our success educationally, industrially and politically is based upon the protection of a nation founded by ourselves. And the nation can be nowhere else but in Africa.” UNIA Newspaper Marcus Garvey & UNIA • http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/ga rvey_marcus.shtml • Jamaican born Marcus Garvey was the founder of the UNIA (Universal Negro Improvement Assoc.) • Best known for “back-to-Africa” movement, encouraging people of African ancestry to return to their homeland (Africa) & for Europe to abandon their colonies • Educational & Industrial Programs were developed in Liberia, but opposed by European nations • Is Marcus Garvey an example of nativism, why/why not?