Sustainable tourism in Kaliningrad region

Dr. Elena Kropinova,
Assocate Prof., I.Kant Baltic Federal University,
(prepared with Anna Belova,
I.Kant Baltic Federal University
Gdansk, 14-15 January, 2013
Tourism potential
of the Kaliningrad region
• Wild Nature
• Rich biodiversity of unique species of animals and
plants (some of which are included in the “Red book”)
• Diverse ecosystems (bogs, marshes, littoral meadows,
- Ethno-cultural heritage
- Information centers for eco-tourism
- Eco-tourism infrastructure and eco-routes
Tourism potential of
Kaliningrad region
Tourism map of Kaliningrad region (The Geographical Atlas of Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad region in EU tourism
Programmes of cooperation
Finished programmes:
- Baltic Sea Region Neighbourhood Programme
INTERREG III B/TACIS (2000 – 2006)- … tourism
- “Lithuania – Poland – Kaliningrad region of Russian
Federation” Neighbourhood Programme INTERREG
III A/TACIS (2004-2006)- tourism projects projects
Baltic Sea Region Neighbourhood Programme
INTERREG III B/TACIS (2000 – 2006)
Project: “Lagomar - natural and cultural heritage in the southern
Baltic Sea: Challenges and Prospects” (Results: The result of the
project was to create a network within which the exchange of knowledge
and experience in the study of the historical building bays.)
Project: “AGORA - the sustainable tourism development in the Baltic
Sea Region” (Results: Network Sustainable Tourism Development in
the Baltic Sea Region» achieved impressive results in the coordination of
sustainable tourism in the Baltic Sea region. It resulted in increased level
of cooperation and quality of tourism in the region also prepared a
strategy for sustainable tourism in the Baltic Sea region. )
Project “VBNDZ” – “Via Baltica Nordica Development Zone”. (Results:
The foci of the project activities concentrated on: tourism and railway
traffic, cultural landscape management and tourism, usage of
GIS/Internet systems. The project was a combination of concrete, very
local activities and the true transnational dimension, insured by the
forum to be organised regularly. The project implemented a development
strategy created for the Zone as a main outcome of the BSR Interreg II C
project “Via Baltica Spatial Development Zone”.)
Baltic Sea Region Neighbourhood Programme
INTERREG III B/TACIS (2000 – 2006)
Project “BWC” – “Baltic Welcome Center for a high quality sustainable
development of cities and regions in the BSR in the frame of spatial
planning aspects”. (Results: Handbook on service quality standards &
guidelines for tourist information and visitor centres in the Baltic Sea Region
was issued; New IT-solutions were developed by the project including the
common BWC portal – a virtual visitor centre that provides access to detailed
tourist information produced and updated by the partner organisations.).
Project “BalticFortRoute” – “Baltic Culture and Tourism Route
Fortresses”. (Results: The innovative project developed new
marketing instruments and economic concepts for cultural and tourist
utilization. It promoted transnational scientific cooperation in
monument protection as well as creating strategies of reconstruction
and nature management.)
Baltic Sea Region Neighbourhood Programme
INTERREG III B/TACIS (2000 – 2006)
Project “Castle Tomorrow” – “Development of castles and manor houses of
BSR as cultural heritage objects and town centers in rural areas”.
(Results: Handbook of Tools for Sustainable Heritage Conservation: basic
teaching, information and learning resource. Version in LT,LV,EE, PL, RU;
Videos gallery on Industry Best Practice objects and Pilot sites from the project;
Model for cultural heritage objects development.)
Project “Seagull” – “Seagull-DevERB”. (Results: Cruise Tourism in the Baltic
and Bothnian Sea – a pilot study on maritime tourism was prepared and
published; Joint Development Programme Strategy was prepared.)
Project “Seagull II” – “Russian component of the Development Strategy for
Euroregion “Baltic” (Results: The book “Perspectives for development of
interregional cooperation: Kaliningrad region within Euroregion Baltic” was
issued in RU and EN languages.)
Lithuania-Poland-Kaliningrad oblast of RF
Project “Reconstruction of international Amber Route – first stage
in Pruszcz Gdanski. (Results:Construction and making of 1500
meters of amber path for pedestrians and byciclists as well as setting up
the Baltic International cultural park in Pruszcz Gdanski, Poland,
which is the first point of the link connecting Poland, Kaliningrad
region and Lithuania.)
Project “Enhancement of Cultural Tourism infrastructure through
New Culture and Education Facility”. (Results: The historic
building in Goldap was renovated and equipped to serve as the
international cultural and educational center.)
Project “Cultural and Historical heritage use for tourism purposes
in Pagegiai, Ilawa and Sovetsk borderline regions”. (Results: The
quay was constructed and the park was renovated in Pagegiai
municipality, the memorial of Bering in Ilawa was restorated)
Lithuania-Poland-Kaliningrad oblast of RF NP
Project “Development of structures promoting historical heritage in
Sopot, Gdansk, Svetlogorsk and Ozersk”. (Results: New equipment
for museums in Sopot, Gdansk and Svetlogorsk was purchased,
archaeological research camp for young people was organised in Ozersk,
the concept of the open-air museum “Georgenswalde” for Brachert
museum in Svetlogorsk was developed).
Project “Development of tourism on base of European square in
Suwalki and Miesto Sodas in Alitus”. (Results: The infrastructure
objects were renovated (European square in Suwalki, park in Alitus), six
trilateral culture events were conducted in Suwalki and Alitus. )
Project “Creation of cross-border bicycle trail along old post road on
Curonian Spit: EUROVELO-BALTICA”. (Results: The technical
documentation for construction the bicycle path on the Russian part of
Curonian Spit was developed, the number of seminars, conferences and
workshops on tourism development on Curonian Spit were organised
and conducted.)
Lithuania-Poland-Kaliningrad oblast of RF NP
Project “Tourism infrastructure for Berlin-Kaliningrad-Klaipeda
waterway in Tczew and Klaipeda”. (Results: the sailing and
passenger port in Tczew was constructed, feasibility study for
construction of bicycle paths in port of Klaipeda was developed.)
Project “Support to development of common recreation space in
macro-region”. (Results: the tourism information center in
Kaliningrad was opened; the fundaments of the Kaliningrad tourism
promotion strategy was developed; Palanga resort was promoted
among the tourists from Russia.)
Lithuania-Poland-Kaliningrad oblast of RF NP
Project “Harmonising Development of landscape: formation of
environment of tourism objects by implanting new plants”.
(Results: Five Lithuanian parks and seven Russian parks have been
examinated and the plants for decorating them were planted; the
fontane in Kaliningrad Botanic garden was reconstructed; database of
tourist attractions and plants was created; technical documentation for
establishing a laboratory within the Botanical garden of the Klaipeda
University was prepared.)
Project “Development of tourism in frontier areas by means of
preservation of valuable plants of wild flora”. (Results:The map of
the rare plants of the border area was created; ecological paths were
developed by project partners.)
Lithuania-Poland-Kaliningrad oblast of RF NP
Project “On trail of castles in Baltic Sea Region –
Revitalization and promotion objects”. (Results: The
Strategy for tourism development at nine Gothic Castles in
the Kaliningrad region was prepared; technical
documentation for the renovation and conservation of the
castle in Polessk (Labiau) was elaborated; four-lingual
publications about the castles were issued and disseminated
among tourism information offices in RU, PL and LT.)
Project “Opening of water tourism route connection in
Curonian lagoon: Klaipeda-Kaliningrad”. (Results: The
international water tourism route from Klaipeda to Nida (LT)
was opened; the promotion activities in order to review
water tourism in the Curonian lagoon between Klaipeda and
Kaliningrad were conducted.)
Lithuania-Poland-Kaliningrad oblast of RF NP
Project “Development of common cultural sphere of Euroregion
Nemunas”. (Results: Two cultural centers opened in Russia: the branch
of the Historical and Artistic museum of Kaliningrad in Nesterov district,
Chistyje Prudy village and the center in the Cherniahovsk old castle; a
number of cultural tourism promotion matherials (including 6000
maps) were published; commom cultural tourism strategy was drawn.)
Project “CROSSROADS” – “Lagoons as cultural and historical
crossroads of peoples in South-Eastern Baltic area”. (Results:
Number of expeditions along lagoons’ area were organised; the cultural
and historical objects were registered; digital exhibitions were developed
and presented on info-terminals;the Strategy and Action Plan for
development of maritime cultural and historical heritage for the Russian
part of Curonian and Vistula lagoons’ area were elaborated; technical
documentation for construction of an open-air museum of Viking epoch
on the Curonian Spit was developed; two festivals of historical
reconstruction of viking epoch were conducted in Zelenogradsk district.)
Baltic Sea Region Programme
Project “AGORA 2.0” – “Heritage Tourism for Increased Baltic Sea
Region Identity”.
Implementation period: 2010-2013.
Project goal: improving the common identity of the Baltic Sea Region,
based on its rich natural and cultural treasures.
Analyses on heritage tourism objects of the partner countries were
prepared; survey on tourism perception in Curonian Spit (KO part of
the project) and in BSR in general was made and results were
published; tourism portal BASTIS was created.
Baltic Sea Region Programme
Project “EcoRegion” – “The Baltic 21 Eco Region project”.
Implementation period: 2009-2012.
Project goal: Promoting the Baltic Sea Region in the first environmentally
and economically sustainable region in the world.
Results: (for Kaliningrad region)
Analysis of ecotourism potential of the pilot districts (Vistula and
Curonian lagoons costal area) was made; Map of the eco-routes within
the Vistula and Curonian lagoons costal area (existing and potential)
was created; The role of eco-tourism for sustainable development of
Kaliningrad region as one of the Eco-regions in the BSR was described.
Eco Region
Current Projects (signed grant contracts)
Lithuania-Poland-Russia ENPI Cross-Border Cooperation
Programme 2007-2013: LPR1/010/181
Title of the project: Baltic Touristic Games – know-how
for development of tourism potential of Baltic Region
Lead Partner: Palanga Town Municipality Administration
Partners: Administration of Svetlogorsk Town (Russian
Objectives: to develop sports and active tourism in the border
cooperation area by providing modern sport infrastructure
and development of better conditions for active tourism.
Current Projects
Title of the project: Baltic Amber Coast. Development of
crossborder area through building up and
modernization of tourism infrastructure
Lead Partner:
Sztutowo Commune (Poland)
Partners: Krynica Morska Municipality (Poland), Stegna
Commune (Poland), Ustka Municipality (Poland),
Administration of the Municipality “Jantarniy Urban
District” (Russia, Kaliningrad Oblast)
Objectives:to strengthen the tourism potential and increase
tourist traffic in the crossborder cooperation area through
the creation of the tourism product Baltic Amber Coast and
the improvement of maritime tourism infrastructure.
Current projects
Lithuania-Poland-Russia ENPI Cross-Border
Cooperation Programme 2007-2013: LPR1/010/044
Title of the project: Baltic Amber Coast. Development of
the Cross-border Area through Building up and
Modernisation of Tourism Infrastructure. Part II.
Lead Partner:
Administration of "Yantarny Urban
District" Municipality (Russia)
Sztutowo Commune (Poland), Stegna
Commune (Poland), Krynica Morska Municipality
(Poland), Ustka Municipality (Poland)
Objectives: to contribute to the development of the tourist
potential in the Programme area through improvement of
capacity of tourism infrastructure in Yantarny municipality
(Russia) and integration of Yantarny into tourist routes
Current projects
Lithuania-Poland-Russia ENPI Cross-Border Cooperation
Programme 2007-2013: LPR1/010/060
Title of the project: Museums over the borders
Lead Partner:
Museum of Archaeology and History in
Elblag (Poland)
Museum “Friedland Gate” (Russia)
Objectives: the increasing of the economic potential and
deepening of the integration of the cross-border regions
and promotion of joint innovative tourist products based
on joint cultural heritage.
Current projects
Lithuania-Poland-Russia ENPI Cross-Border Cooperation
Programme 2007-2013: LPR1/010/001
Title of the project:
"Lagoons as crossroads for tourism and
interactions of peoples of South-East Baltic: from the history to
present (CROSSROADS 2.0)"
Lead Partner: Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (Russia)
Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (Russia),
Kaliningrad Regional Museum of History and Arts (Russia), Kaliningrad
regional youth public organisation “Traditional group “Speaking Water”
(Russia), Administration of Federal State Establishment “National park
“Curonian Spit” (Russia), Administration of Zelenogradsk district
authority (Russia), Agency for Tourism of Kaliningrad region (Russia),
The “Elblag-Europa” Association (Poland), Scientific Association
“Pruthenia” (Poland), Folk Architecture Museum and Ethnographic Park
in Olsztynek (Poland), Polish Maritime Museum in Gdansk (Poland),
European Found for Monument Protection (Poland), Administration of
Neringa Municipality (Lithuania), Klaipeda University (Lithuania)
CROSSROADS 2.0 - Lagoons as crossroads for tourism and
interactions of peoples of South-East Baltic: from the history to
Project objectives:
 1. Preparation and implementation of small-scale investments into
development and renovation of existing and creation of new objects of
innovative tourism infrastructure, which are based on the rich and
unique common cultural and historical heritage of the cross-border
area and allow to use this heritage for the joint creation of the crossborder tourist products contributing to the regional growth;
 2. Strengthening the collaboration between people, NGOs and local
authorities and support of joint actions in the sphere of development,
promotion and quality improvement of the tourist products in the
cross-border area of Vistula and Curonian lagoons.
 3. Implementation of joint actions aimed at protection and sustainable
use of cultural and historical heritage of cross-border area of Lithuania,
Poland and Kaliningrad region of Russian Federation adjacent to the
Curonian and Vistula lagoons
Thank you for your attention!
Hope for fruitful cooperation
within our common
started project!
Elena Kropinova
e-mail: [email protected]
picture by Beti
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