The Critical Period Section 3

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The Critical Period
Section 3
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To describe the structures of the
Articles of Confederation
To explain the weaknesses of the
Articles
To describe the steps leading up to the
Constitutional Convention
The Critical Period
Independence Hall - Philadelphia
The Articles of Confederation
November 15, 1777 – Delegates approved
the first attempt at a plan of government.
The A of C established a “firm league of
friendship” among the states.
Ratification: formal approval came in 1781
It took all 13 states to ratify the Articles of
Confederation
Governmental Structure
Congress – Sole branch
Unicameral
Delegates chosen by States
Each State had one vote
Congress would choose a presiding officer
(chair), but NOT the president of U.S.
Powers of Congress
under the Articles of Confederation
Make war and peace
Send & receive ambassadors
Make treaties
Borrow money
Set up a money system
Establish post offices
Build a Navy
Raise an Army
Fix uniform weights and measures
Settle disputes among the States
State Obligations
Obey the Articles of Confederation
Provide troops (men) & money as requested
Treat citizens of other states fairly & equally
Give full faith and credit
Surrender fugitives
Submit disagreements between states to
Congress
Weaknesses
Congress had no power to tax
Each State had one vote regardless of
size
Amendment process took all 13 States
No court system
No executive branch
The Critical Period, 1780’s
• 1783 – Treaty of Paris(American victory)
• States fought amongst themselvesJealous & Suspicious
• States taxed each other’s goods
• States printed their own money
• Debts went unpaid
Shays’ Rebellion
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1786 – Daniel Shays, a
former American officer, led
an uprising that forced a court
to close in Massachusetts.
Farmers had lost farms &
possessions because they
could not pay their taxes.
They unsuccessfully attacked
a federal arsenal & state
forces had to move in.
A Need for a Stronger Government
Mount Vernon- Jan. 1786
George called for a
meeting between
Maryland & Virginia.
Annapolis – Sept. 11, 1786
5 of 13 States showed
up BUT called for a
meeting in Philadelphia
to “Revise the A of C”
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