BACKGROUND • She was born Carrie Clinton Lane on January 9, 1859 in Ripon, Wisconsin.. • She was a women's suffrage leader who campaigned for the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution which gave U.S. women the right to vote in 1920. • Catt served as president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association and was the founder of the League of Women Voters and the International Alliance of Women. CARRIE CATT QUOTES http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tPpdLQdOE9w WOMEN’S RIGHTS Woman suffrage is inevitable. Suffragists knew it before November 4, 1917; opponents afterward. Three distinct causes made it inevitable. First, the history of our country. Ours is a nation born of revolution, of rebellion against a system of government so securely entrenched in the customs and traditions of human society that in 1776 it seemed impregnable. SOAPSTONE- SUBJECT Subject : The subject of this speech is women not being able to vote. “ Fifty years more passed and the president of the United States, Woodrow Wilson, in a mighty crisis of the nation, proclaimed to the world: "We are fighting for the things which we have always carried nearest to our hearts: for democracy, for the right of those who submit to authority to have a voice in their own government. “ SOAPSTONE- OCCASION Occasion : The occasion of this speech is women's suffrage, when women couldn’t vote. SOAPSTONE- AUDIENCE Audience : The audience of this speech was congress. SOAPSTONE- PURPOSE Purpose : The purpose of this speech was to get the point across to congress and everyone else that women had just as much a right to vote as men. SOAPSTONE- SPEAKER Speaker : Carrie Catt is the person who is giving the speech. SOAPSTONE- TONE Tone : The tone of this speech is determination, seriousness, demanding, and angry. LOGOS Logos : “ With such a history behind it, how can our nation escape the logic it has never failed to follow, when its last unenfranchised class calls for the vote? Behold our Uncle Sam floating the banner with one hand, "Taxation without representation is tyranny," and with the other seizing the billions of dollars paid in taxes by women to whom he refuses "representation." Carrie is saying that the women contributed to the country just as much as the men did but they still had no rights. PATHOS Pathos : All the way between these immortal aphorisms political leaders have declared unabated faith in their truth. Not one American has arisen to question their logic in the 141 years of our national existence. However stupidly our country may have evaded the logical application at times, it has never swerved from its devotion to the theory of democracy as expressed by those two axioms .... I feel that Carrie wanted the audience and everyone else who wasn’t already angry, to be angry about the situation. PHRASING / MEANING Gentlemen, we hereby petition you, our only designated representatives, to redress our grievances by the immediate passage of the Federal Suffrage Amendment and to use your influence to secure its ratification in your own state, in order that the women of our nation may be endowed with political freedom before the next presidential election, and that our nation may resume its world leadership in democracy. This statement has a lot of meaning because she was asking of them something that not many people agreed with. TO FOLLOW … Women afterwards had the right to vote on everything men voted on.