Women’s Rights Chapter 5, Lesson 4 Mr. Julian’s 5th Grade Class Essential Question •What were the effects of the women’s suffrage movement? Places • Seneca, Falls, New York • Argonia, Kansas People • • • • • • Lucretia Mott Elizabeth Cady Stanton Lucy Stone Susannah Medora Salter Susan B. Anthony Carrie Chapman Catt Vocabulary • Suffrage • Suffragist • Nineteenth Amendment Women’s Roles in the 1800’s • Women were expected to care for the house and children. • Some women took jobs as teachers or in factories but most were not allowed to work. • Women in rural areas worked along with the men. Women Work for More Rights • Women were granted citizenship but few other rights. • Women were not allowed to vote, own property, and their status was not that of men. • In 1848, Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton met in Seneca Falls, New York to discuss a women’s equal rights movement. Women Work for More Rights • The convention discussed education, jobs, and voting rights. • Women felt it was their right to suffrage, or the right to vote. • Women who worked for voting rights were called suffragists. • Lucy Stone founded the American Woman Suffrage Association, which worked for voting rights. Women Work for More Rights • Wyoming led the country allowing women the right to vote in 1869. • In 1887, Kansas allowed women to vote in local elections and in the town of Argonia, Kansas voted Susannah Medora Slater as the first woman mayor in the U.S. • Susan B. Anthony also fought for women’s voting rights. Women Work for More Rights • Carrie Chapman Catt worked for voting rights. • She was a teacher from Iowa when she got involved in voting rights. • Catt’s goal was to get congress to pass a law giving women the right to vote. The Nineteenth Amendment • By 1912, many states allowed women the right to vote. • As men left to fight in World War One, women filled the jobs the men left behind. • With women doing jobs they had never done before, they were able to argue that they were as capable as men and should be able to vote. The Nineteenth Amendment • Even though men made up all of Congress, women had made their case. • In 1919, Congress passed the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution giving women the right to vote. Other Opportunities • Women soon were able to go to college, even working as professors. • Women were able to enter politics as well. • Women became explorers, spies, and even astronauts. Timeline • 1848 - The Seneca Falls convention was held • 1869 - The Territory of Wyoming led the nation in giving women the right to vote. • 1887 - The first woman was mayor elected in Argonia, Kansas. • 1919 - The Nineteenth Amendment was passed.