Overarching question

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MONDAY – 10.20.14
• AP US History Thesis Statement
Information
• EXAM TOMORROW
• AP Language and Composition
• Washington’s Farwell Address
• Prep for Rhetorical Analysis
• WEDNESDAY
TUESDAY – 10.21.14
• AP United States History Midterm
Exam
• 20 Multiple Choice (20 Minutes)
• 1 Short Answer (11 Minutes)
• 1 Long Essay Question (40 Minutes)
WEDNESDAY – 10.22.14
• AP Language and Composition
• District Assessment
• Rhetorical Analysis
• New Reading Guides
• APUSH Themes
• Unit 1 Thematic Charts
• Assertions
AP United States History THEMES
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
Identity
Work, Exchange, and Technology
Peopling
Politics and Power
America in the World
Environment and Geography —
Physical and Human
7) Ideas, Beliefs, and Culture
Identity
Overarching question:
➤ How and why have debates over
American national identity changed
over time?
Overarching question:
➤ How have gender, class, ethnic,
religious, regional, and other group
identities changed in different eras?
Work, Exchange, and Technology
Overarching question:
➤ How have changes in markets, transportation,
and technology affected American society from
colonial times to the present day?
Overarching question:
➤ Why have different labor systems developed in
British North America and the United States, and
how have they affected U.S. society?
Overarching question:
➤ How have debates over economic values and
the role of government in the U.S. economy
affected politics, society, the economy, and the
environment?
Peopling
Overarching question:
➤ Why have people migrated to, from,
and within North America?
Overarching question:
➤ How have changes in migration and
population patterns affected American
life?
Politics and Power
Overarching question:
➤ How and why have different political
and social groups competed for influence
over society and government in what
would become the United States?
Overarching question:
➤ How have Americans agreed on or
argued over the values that guide the
political system as well as who is a part of
the political process?
America in the World
Overarching question:
➤ How have events in North America and
the United States related to contemporary
developments in the rest of the world?
Overarching question:
➤ How have different factors influenced
U.S. military, diplomatic, and economic
involvement in international affairs and
foreign conflicts, both in North America
and overseas?
Environment and Geography
Physical and Human
Overarching question:
➤ How did interactions with the natural
environment shape the institutions and
values of various groups living on the North
American continent?
Overarching question:
➤ How did economic and demographic
changes affect the environment and lead to
debates over use and control of the
environment and natural resources?
Ideas, Beliefs, and Culture
Overarching question:
➤ How and why have moral,
philosophical, and cultural values
changed in what would become the
United States?
Overarching question:
➤ How and why have changes in
moral, philosophical, and cultural
values affected U.S. history?
THURSDAY – 10.23.14
•QUIZ
• Chapter 9 (Tindall)
• Chapter 8 (AMSCO)
•APUSH Themes
• Unit 1 Thematic Charts
• Assertions
Questions 8, 9, 10
“The only encouragements we hold out to strangers are a good
climate, fertile soil, wholesome air and water, plenty of provisions,
good pay for labor, kind neighbors, good laws, a free government, and
a hearty welcome. The rest depends on a man’s own industry and
virtue.”
“If a European has previously resolved to go to the western
country near the Allegheny or Ohio rivers,…a few day journey will
bring him to Cumberland…from whence the public road begun by the
United States, crosses the mountains…”
“You will, however, observe that the privileges of citizenship is
not granted without proper precautions; to secure that, while the
worthy are admitted, the unworthy should, if practicable, be rejected.
You will from hence deduce the importance of good moral habits, even
to the acquisition of political rights.”
Clements Burleigh, Shamrock Society of New York,
“Advice to Emigrants to America,” 1817
FRIDAY – 10.24.14
• Unit 1 Themes
• Expansion of National Government
• Hamilton vs. Jefferson
• The impact of the Marshall Court
• Marbury v. Madison
• Thomas Jefferson
• Jefferson Inaugural Address
The Early Republic – Chapter 8
Guiding Question
Discuss how TWO of the following
people succeeded in expanding or
limiting the growth of the federal
government during the time period
1789-1828.
Alexander Hamilton
John Marshall
Thomas Jefferson
Federalists vs. Democratic-Republicans
Alexander Hamilton
Thomas Jefferson
(1757 – 1804)
(1743 – 1826)
Alexander Hamilton
(1757 – 1804)
• On POPULAR RULE
“One great error is that we
suppose mankind more honest
than they are.”
• On STATES RIGHTS
“A firm Union will be of the
utmost moment the peace and
liberty of the states, as a barrier
against domestic faction and
insurrection.”
• On REBELLION
Beware, my dear sir, of
[insurrection]. Whenever the
government appears in arms, it
ought to appear like a Hercules,
and inspire respect by the
display of strength.”
Thomas Jefferson
(1743 – 1826)
• On POPULAR RULE
“I have great confidence in the
common sense of mankind in
general.”
• On STATES RIGHTS
“I am not a friend to very
energetic government. It is
always oppressive.
• On REBELLION
“A little rebellion now and
then is a good thing, and as
necessary in the political world
as storms in the physical… It is
a medicine necessary for the
health of government.”
Alexander Hamilton
•
•
•
•
•
• Encouraged revenue source
(1757 – 1804)
to be tariffs on imported
goods which would also aid
Secretary of Treasury under
growth of American
Washington
Manufacturing
His policies were generally
• Proposed to assume debts
accepted by Washington
of individual states
Put nation on firm financial
• States bound financially to
footing
the federal government
Advocated strong federal
would be more loyal
government
Thought some debt was good • Wanted to establish a
national bank run by the
because those who had
federal government to help
loaned money to the US would
manage finance and trade
protect their interests
• Proposed to set up a tax
system for revenue
Alexander Hamilton
EVIDENCE
Expanding Power
Limiting Power
• Bank of the United States
• Assumption of State Debt
• Funding of that Debt “at par” to gain
international respect and money
• High tariffs to protect infant industries
• Loose interpretation of the Constitution
• Emphasis on the “Elastic Clause”
• Strong Central Government Essential
• Large Peacetime Army and Navy
Necessary
……I’ve
got….nothing!
Alexander Hamilton
Constitutionality of the Bank of the United States (1791)
“It is not denied that there are implied as well as express
powers, and that the former are as effectually delegated as
the latter.”
“It is conceded that implied powers are to be considered as
delegated equally with express ones. Then it follows, that as
a power of erecting a corporation [such as a bank] may as
well be implied as any other thing, it may as well be
employed as an instrument or means of carrying into
execution any of the specified powers…But one may be
erected in relation to the trade with foreign countries, or to
the trade between the States…because it is the province of
the federal government to regulate those objects, and
because it is incident to a general sovereign or legislative
power to regulate a thing, to employ all the means which
relate to its regulation to the best and greatest advantage.”
Alexander Hamilton
Constitutionality of the Bank of the United States (1791)
1. Hamilton’s constitutional argument
was based on which of the following
types of powers?
a. Employed
b. Expressed
c. Implied
d. Regulated
Alexander Hamilton
Constitutionality of the Bank of the United States (1791)
1. Hamilton’s constitutional argument
was based on which of the following
types of powers?
c. Implied
Alexander Hamilton
Constitutionality of the Bank of the United States (1791)
2. Which of the following benefited
most directly from the bank that
Hamilton strongly supported?
a. Manufacturers
b. Farmers
c. State governments
d. Slave owners
Alexander Hamilton
Constitutionality of the Bank of the United States (1791)
2. Which of the following benefited
most directly from the bank that
Hamilton strongly supported?
a. Manufacturers
Alexander Hamilton
Constitutionality of the Bank of the United States (1791)
3. Who of the following would be most
critical of Hamilton’s position on the
bank?
a. George Washington
b. John Adams
c. Thomas Jefferson
d. Henry Knox
Alexander Hamilton
Constitutionality of the Bank of the United States (1791)
3. Who of the following would be most
critical of Hamilton’s position on the
bank?
c. Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
(1743 – 1826)
President of the United States
March 4, 1801 – March 4, 1809
• Secretary of State under
Washington
• Opposed to Hamilton’s plans
and expansion of the federal
government
• Opposed to the Alien and
Sedition Acts passed in Adams’
administration
• With Madison, authored the
Virginia and Kentucky
resolutions affirming
sovereignty of states’ power
over federal government
• Resigned as Secretary of State
due to disagreement
• Elected Vice President under
Adams
• As President, slashed Army
and Navy, saving money and
decreasing federal power
• In dealing with pirates,
realized there may be a need
for a navy
• Eliminated whiskey tax
• Made the Louisiana Purchase
even though he believed he
was not given the specific
power to do so in the
constitution.
Thomas Jefferson
EVIDENCE
Expanding Power
• Retained the Bank of the
United States as President
• Continued the funding of the
National Debt
• Made the Louisiana Purchase
without constitutional
authority to do so
• Imposed the Embargo Act of
1807
Limiting Power
• Anti-Bank of the United
States
• Strict Interpretation of the
Constitution
• Weak central government
• Opposed Alien and Sedition
Acts
• Virginia and Kentucky
Resolutions
• Opposed excise tax on
whiskey
John Marshall (1755-1835)
Three Person Diplomatic
Commission to France
1797
Involved in XYZ affair
United States House of
Representatives
March 4, 1799 – June 7, 1800
Secretary of State
June 13, 1800 – March 4, 1801
Chief Justice of the Supreme
Court
January 31, 1801 – July 6, 1835
John Adams – Andrew Jackson
John Marshall (1755-1835)
Marbury V. Madison
Questions Before the
Court:
Is Marbury entitled to
his appointment?
Is his lawsuit the correct
way to get it?
Is the Supreme Court the
place for Marbury to get
the relief he requests?
John Marshall (1755-1835)
Marbury V. Madison
Established the principle of
judicial review
Section 13 of the Judiciary Act of
1789 declared
UNCONSTITUTIONAL
It "is emphatically the province
and duty of the judicial
department to say what the law
is."
John Marshall
EVIDENCE
Expanding Power
• Marbury v. Madison
(1803)
• Fletcher v. Peck (1810)
• Martin v. Hunter’s Lessee
(1816)
• Dartmouth College v.
Woodward (1819)
• Cohens v. Virginia (1821)
• McCulloch v. Maryland
(1819)
• Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
Limiting Power
Most decisions limit
the power of STATE
governments and
strengthen the power
of the Federal
Government.
•Next Week Growth
of a Nation –
Timelines!
• War of 1812 and
Dolly Madison
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