industrial revolution

Ryan Hobert – Key Terms
Bayert Salverda – Important People
Gabriel Chang – Essential Questions
Nel Siemsen – Learning Nugget
Industrial Revolution
Enclosure Acts: A series of United Kingdom
acts of parliament which enclosed open fields
and common land in the country.
In the period 1714-1801, about one-fourth of
the land in Britain was converted from
community property to private property
through enclosures.
p. 563-564, Spodek
Proletariat: In Marxist theory, those who live
solely by the sale of their labor, as opposed to
the bourgeoisie . The term is usually applied
to the wage workers engaged in industrial
A factory worker is an example of the
working class, or Proletariat.
An invention of James Hargreaves’.
Named after his daugher
It was a spinning machine in which prepared
natural fibers for weaving .
Made the expansion of the production of the
cotton cloth possible
Inventions such as the Spinning Jenny are
what made the Industrial Revolution possible.
P. 565, Spodek
Shifted 143 seats in parliament from rural
constituencies, which were losing population
and were dominated by single families, to
expanding urban constituencies
Number of voters increased by 60%, but still
only totaled 800,000 in all of Britain.
Middle class benefitted greatly .
P.579, Spodek
Industrial Revolution
•German journalist
•Wrote the Communist Manifesto
•Believed that the power of
government should be given to the
•Predicted a proletariat revolution
due to class struggles between the
proletariats and bourgeoisie.
•Did not support Adam Smith’s
•American Inventor
•Invented the Cotton Gin in
•Revolutionized the textiles
•Helped strengthen slavery in
the Southern U.S.
•Moral philosopher
•Published the Wealth of Nations in
•Provided the layout for capitalism
•Argued that the wealth of a nation
should be determined by the wealth
of its citizens
•Put the emphasis on personal capital
gain rather than large treasuries for a
•British political activist
•Leader of the Women’s Suffrage
Movement in Britain
•Lead women’s franchise league
•Founded Women’s Social and
Political Union
•Used violent methods to fight sexism
•Smashed windows
•Assaulted police officers
Industrial Revolutions
One of the key social changes introduced by the industrial revolution
were those made to the classes. The proletariat class emerged as a result
of the displacement of farmers and the creation of jobs in factories.
The role of working class women in the working place also changed, in
that they were hired in factories. Despite this, they did not immediately
gain suffrage or equity, which was fought for by the Pankhursts and
campaigned for by the other women’s suffrage committees.
Demographically, the population grew, especially in cities where
urbanization was rampant. “Death rates fell as people ate better and
kept cleaner, and as public health measures increased the safety of the
water supply, improved the sanitation of cities, of combated epidemics,
and taught new standards of personal hygiene” (574)
Spodek, 574-583
Immigration fuels urbanization as the
immigrants are willing to (or have to) take
factory jobs jobs and move into the city,
which provides labor for industrialization.
Women benefited from the Industrial Revolution
as they gained suffrage over time, social equity
as they increasingly became providers for their
families rather than or alongside their husbands.
Women continued to be valued less, earning
only supplementary income rather then a
“family wage” (578) and being replaced by
farmers and immigrant men gradually.
Women would eventually enter domestic service
and secretarial occupations.
Today’s world is continually changing. The industrial revolution
has officially ended, but individual nations’ industrial
revolutions are still occurring and technological innovations
continue to come at an increasing speed from the advanced
nations and these things will continue to change our world
economically and politically. The effect of individual industrial
revolutions can be seen in quickly developing nations such as
The world’s industrial revolution is near its end in that we no
longer make social and political changes through innovation to
the same scale as was done in the Industrial Revolution.
Industrial Revolution