MAO.VISION

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Enacting the Maoist Vision
Consolidation of Communist Rule
1949-1957
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People’s Democratic
Dictatorship
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Running dogs of
imperialism
GMD reactionaries
landlords
“bureaucratic bourgeoisie”
Expand CCP
People’s Political
Consultative Conference
Consolidation of Communist Rule
1949-1957
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Land Reform in country
side
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Restore order in Cities
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Party work teams
Peasant Associations
“Speak bitterness meetings”
Work Units
Street Committees
Marriage Reform
Consolidation of Communist Rule
1949-1957
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War in Korea (6/25/1950)
 Resist America and Aid
Korea
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Suppression of Counterrevolutionaries
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Violent crackdown
Consolidation of Communist Rule
1949-1957
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Mass Campaigns against
corruption
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3 Antis- Reform in Party
5 Antis – Reform
Industrialist and
Businessmen
First Five Year Plan 1952-57
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Soviet Model
State Planning
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Heavy industry
Collectivize Agriculture
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Mutual aid
Voluntary Coops
Collective farms
Maoist Concerns
100 Flowers Campaign
(1956-7) 百花運動
 Hungarian Uprising
(1956), Khrushchev
denounces Stalin
 Anti-Rightist Campaign
(1957) 反右派運動
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Maoist Alternative and Failure
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Great Leap Forward (1957-1959)
 Theory: Permanent
Revolution
 Communal dining
 Backyard Furnaces
Result: Starvation and chaos
Lushan Conference 1959
 Mao steps down from
government
Cultural Revolution (1966-1976?)
Elite Power Struggle
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“Failure” Socialist Education
Campaign 1962-64
Criticism of Mao
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Hai Rui Dismissed from
Office
Elite Power Struggle
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Targets: Liu Shaoqi, Peng
Zhen, Deng Xiaoping,
revolutionary comrades
In 1964, General Secretary of the
Central Party Committee Deng
Xiaoping and Vice premiers Li Fuchun
and Bo Yibo inspected Luda.
Cultural Revolution (1966-1976?)
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Cultural Revolution
Group Jiang Qing
(Mao’s Wife) Lin Biao
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“Gang of Four” Yao
Wenyuan, Zhang
Chunqiao, Wang Hongwen,
Jiang Qing
Zhou Enlai ambiguous role.
Cultural Revolution (1966-1976?)
Popular Struggle
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Student Movement 1966
Formation of Red
Guards
Attack on “Capitalist
Roaders” in Party (Liu
Shaoqi)
Near Civil War 1967
“End” of the Cultural Revolution 1969
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Mao Calls in the Army 1968
Revolutionary Committees
April 1969 End of Cultural Revolution?
Lin Biao named successor
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May 7th Cadre Schools
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Study and Labor
“Sent down youth”
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Urban youth learn from peasantry
Cultural Revolution
(1966-1976?)
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Fall of Lin Biao, 1971
Nixon Visit to China (1972)
Death of Zhou Enlai, April,
1976
Tangshan Earthquake July
28, 1976
Death of Mao Zedong,
September 9, 1976
Propaganda Poster 1969
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