# problem

Problem, Plan and Practicality
“The Problem with Pennies”
Listen For the Following
• What are the Problem issues in this
speech? (Who is our present policy
toward the Penny hurting?)
• What is the Plan?
• How does the speaker work to prove that
the plan is Practical? (show it solves the
problem, anticipates objections, provides
evidence of ease)
The Problem With Pennies
By Susan Ingraham
Problems for Individuals
• 2/3 of class don’t like them
• Only ½ of people surveyed use them daily
• Pennies from heaven?
• 5.5 million hours = \$22 million cost
• 30 cents for every \$1 of pennies = expensive
Problems for the Nation
• 7 billion taken out of circulation/year
• Billions more in jars and piggy banks
• 6% of Americans throw them out
• 12 billion new pennies = \$80 million/year
Solution
From the Coin Coalition
1) Round off purchases to nearest nickel
2) Round off sales tax to nearest nickel
3) Stop making new pennies
4) Cash in pennies
It Could Work!
Remember the Half-Cent Coin?
Learning groups discussion
• What are the Problem issues in this
speech? (Who is our present policy
toward the Penny hurting?)
• What is the Plan?
• How does the speaker work to prove that
the plan is Practical? (show it solves the
problem, anticipates objections, provides
evidence of ease)
Problem Issue Development
• Pennies are a nuisance for individuals.
• EVIDENCE: class survey, U.S. Mint Survey, example
of Noel Gunther from the L.A. Times
Problem Issue Development
• Pennies are a nuisance for businesses.
• EVIDENCE: Fortune magazine, National Association
of Convenience Stores
Problem Issue Development
• Pennies are a nuisance for the nation.
• EVIDENCE: stats and testimony from the Treasury
Dept., from the U.S. Mint, from U.S. News and
World Report]
Plan Issue
• First step is for the federal government to legalize
and standardize rounding off purchases to the
nearest nickel.
• The next step is to round the sales tax off to the
nearest nickel.
• The third step is for the mint to stop making
pennies.
• The fourth step is for people to cash in their
pennies removing them from the money supply.
Practicality Issue--mixed in with the Plan
• Rounding off purchases: would not
cause increased cost to consumers.
• Rounding off sales tax: again, no
increased cost; it is like rounding off to
the nearest dollar on your income tax
return.
• Stop minting: this will save \$80 million
a year.
More Practicality
• Such a plan has worked in
the U.S. before; in 1857 we
eliminated the half-penny.
plan through the "Leave a
Penny, Take a Penny" dishes
at check-out counters.
Specific Purpose Statement
• To persuade my audience that “X” should do “Y.”
• Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience that
the Federal Government should eliminate the
penny from the United States money supply.
Central Idea
• The Central Idea Indicates the Main Points
I. Pennies cause serious problems for individuals,
II. The federal government should eliminate pennies
from the money supply.
• Central Idea: Because Pennies cause problems for
individuals, businesses, and the economy as a whole,
they should be eliminated from the U.S. money system.
Problem-Solution
• This is a simple pattern
▫ Something is wrong. [Make us care.]
▫ We can fix it! [Show us what can be done
and how we can help.]
I. Problem = Problem
II. Solution = Plan and Practicality
Patterns of Organization
Good bye topical, good bye spatial, and good
bye chronological.
Patterns of Organization
Hello Problem-Cause-Solution
Patterns of Organization
Hello Problem-Cause-Solution
-3 main points
Problem-Cause-Solution
• Can be even stronger than Problem-Solution
▫ It has built-in practicality impact if you can isolate
the causes and addresses those causes in your
plan.
I. Problem = Problem
II. Cause = Problem
III. Solution = Plan and Practicality
Problem-Cause-Solution
Patterns of Organization
• Use only when the audience
already agrees that there is a
problem.
• Main points are used to discuss
the Practicality of each possible
plan.
• It is a process of elimination.
• Introduction still does CARRP
• Introduction also sets out the Problem
• Be sure to include a very clear Preview of
the Plans being compared
Patterns of Organization
Hello Monroe’s Motivated Sequence
Patterns of Organization
Hello Monroe’s Motivated Sequence
-Immediate Action speeches only
-5 steps with 3 main points
Monroe’s Motivated Sequence
1st step – Introduction - ATTENTION
Monroe’s Motivated Sequence
2nd step – 1st main point – NEED
(problem)
Monroe’s Motivated Sequence
3rd step – 2nd main point – SATISFACTION
(plan)
Monroe’s Motivated Sequence
4th step – 3rd main point – VISUALIZATION
(practicality)
Monroe’s Motivated Sequence
5th step – Conclusion - CALL TO ACTION
Monroe’s Motivated Sequence Main Pts.
Introduction (ATTENTION)
I. Deforestation is a serious problem. (PROBLEM)
II. You can help solve this problem by planting trees.
(SATISFACTION)
III. Planting trees can make a big difference.
(VISUALIZATION)
Conclusion (ACTION)
Resources & Examples
• Workbook p. 70
▫ Problem-Solution Speech on Darfur
▫ Monroe’s Motivated Sequence Speech on
bone marrow donation
• In the Lucas Textbook at the end of Chapter 15
▫ “Putting the Breaks on Teenage Driving” is
Problem-Cause-Solution
Outside Speech Assignment
• Workbook p. 135
• Best Option: Campus Lectures
• Expectation min. half hour
• Final Assignment is submitted through
Blackboard
• You can earn make up classwork points but
doing an extra Outside Speech Assignment
Go hear some Speeches!
The Challenge for an Authentic Multiracial Democracy In America - Carlos Muñoz (a founder
of the Chicano Civil Rights Movement) Saturday, October 15, 2011, 8:00 PM @ Great Hall,
Memorial Union
American Foreign Policy after Iraq and Afghanistan - Lee Hamilton (Former Indiana
Congressman ) Wednesday, October 19, 2011, 8:00 PM @ Great Hall, Memorial Union
Feeding the World, Sustaining the Planet - Jonathan Foley (U of Minn. Institute on the
Environment) Thursday, October 20, 2011, 7:00 PM @ Great Hall, Memorial Union
Horse Race Journalism: Polls, Politics, Policy and Political Advertising - Panel Discussion
Friday, October 21, 2011, 11:00 AM @ Pioneer Room, Memorial Union
New Media and Politics: The Sphere of Influence - Panel Discussion
Friday, October 21, 2011, 1:30 PM @ Pioneer Room, Memorial