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Read the following passage carefully
There was a girl named Asha who lived with her mother and father in a village. One day, her father assigned
her a simple task. He took three vessels filled with boiling water. He placed an egg in one vessel, a potato in
the second vessel, and some tea leaves in the third vessel. He asked Asha to keep an eye on the vessels for
about ten to fifteen minutes while the three ingredients in three separate vessels boiled. After the said time, he
asked Asha to peel the potato and egg, and strain the tea leaves. Asha was left puzzled – she understood her
father was trying to explain her something, but she didn’t know what it was.
Her father explained, “All three items were put in the same circumstances. See how they’ve responded
differently.” He said that the potato turned soft, the egg turned hard, and the tea leaves changed the colour
and taste of the water. He further said, “We are all like one of these items. When adversity calls, we respond
exactly the way they do. Now, are you a potato, an egg, or tea leaves?”
A. Answer the following questions
1.How will you respond to the challenges that you face in your life?
2. What are the three ingredients kept in the vessels?
3.What kind of experiment Asha’s father did?
4. What are the conditions of potato, egg & tea leaves after the experiment?
B. Choose the word that means the same as:
1. Vessel
a) Doll b) Container c) Table d) Closet
2. Ingredients
a) Instruments b) Emergency c) information d) Components
3. Adversity
a) Hardship b) Training c) Earlier d) Study
4. Respond
a) Reservation b) Reply c) Skills d) Remember
1.National Space Day will be celebrated on August 23 every year as announced by Honourable Prime Minister
of India Shri Narendra Modi to commemorate Chandrayaan- 3’s triumph. Chandrayaan-3 is India's ambitious
and successful lunar mission. Following the footsteps of its predecessors, Chandrayaan-1 and Chandrayaan-2.
Chandrayaan-3 India has become successful in the attempt to achieve a soft landing on the southern pole
Moon's surface. India is the only country to reach this part of the moon so far. Indian Space Research
Organization (ISRO) started this project to achieve a successful landing on the moon's surface with its Vikram
lander which deployed Pragyaan rover to conduct experiments and gather valuable data. The mission is focused
on studying the moon's geology, mineralogy, and exosphere, which will contribute to our understanding of the
moon's origin and evolution. The mission objectives of Chandrayaan-3 are to demonstrate a safe and soft
landing on the lunar surface, to demonstrate rover roving on the moon and to conduct in-situ scientific
experiments. To achieve the mission objectives, several advanced technologies are present in Lander such as
laser & RF-based Altimeters, Velocimeters, Propulsion System, etc. To demonstrate such advanced technologies
several lander special tests, like Integrated Cold Test, Integrated Hot test and Lander Leg mechanism
performance test, had been planned and carried out successfully. Through Chandrayaan-3, India aims to
showcase its technological prowess, scientific capabilities, and its commitment to space exploration.
Chandrayaan-3’s success further strengthens India's position in the global space community. This mission
inspires the younger generation like you to pursue careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics
A. Answer the following questions
1.How do you feel as an Indian for the success of Chandrayaan – 3?
2.What are the responsibilities of Pragyaan rover?
3. Name some advanced technologies present in the Lander.
4.What are the aims of India through Chandrayaan – 3 mission?
B. Choose the word that means the same as:
1. Commemorate
a) According
b) Remember c) Campaign d) Commercial
2. Triumph
a) Concern b) Economic c) Victory d) Election
a) Experience b) Aspiring c) Growth d) Investment
4. Lunar
a) History b) Related to moon c) Human d) Material
I.Read the following passage carefully
Avul Pakir Jainelabdeen Abdul Kalam was the 11th President of the country from 2002 and 2007 and is also
popularly known as the 'Missile Man' of India. Born in a poor family in Tamil Nadu's Rameswaram, Kalam
went on to study physics and aerospace engineering and worked with Defence Research and Development
Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). He also played a role in 1998
Pokhran-II tests under leadership of Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Abdul Kalam was felicitated with a Padma
Bhushan in 1981, Padma Vibhushan in 1990 and then received India's highest civilian honour Bharat Ratna
in 1997. He is also known for a humble and respectful attitude towards people and was called the 'People's
President'. After the end of his tenure as President of the country, he went back to delivering lectures to
students and writing.
Dr. Abdul Kalam was a person who was not only a great leader but also a good teacher and a writer. He had
many delicate qualities and visionaries. He always had an excellent dream for the country's development and
realized that the youth can bring revolution. Apart from this, Dr. Kalam was a great writer. He has written
several books, which are mainly meant for the nation's empowerment. His book ‘India 2020’ was like a gift
for us, and he had all the strategies to make India a Superpower. In this book, he had primarily focused on
some factors like food and development in the agriculture sector, improved health care facilities, advanced
information and communication system, good infrastructure, sufficiency in electricity production, Selfreliance in some advanced technologies.
A. Answer the following questions
1.What are the two prestigious research organizations of India that Dr.A.P.J. Abdul Kalam worked with?
2. Who was the Prime Minister of India during Pokhran-II test?
3. What is the highest civilian award in India?
4. list out the primary focus of Dr.Kalam from the book India 2020 ?
B. Choose the word that means the same as:
1. Delicate
a) Suppose b) Gentle c) Probably d) Emergency
2. Primarily
a) Represent b) Usually c) Chiefly d) Multiply
3. Respectful
a) Discovered b) Interested c) Private d) Reverent
4. Humble
a) Middle b) Meek c) Flammable d) Confidential