MAALEE EDUCATION PVT LTD YLP – PHYSICS TEST – ELECTROSTATICS (02.12.2017) 1. 2. 3. Two positive point charge of 12 µC and 8 µC are 10 cm apart. The work done in bringing them 4 cm closer is, (1) 1.3 eV (2) 13 J (3) 5.8 J (4) 5.8 Ev The electric field, at a distance of 20 cm from the centre of a dielectric sphere of radius 10 cm is,100 V/m. Then E at 3 cm distance from the centre of sphere is: (1) 100 V/m (2) 125 V/m (3) 120 V/m (4) zero 5. 6. 8. An electric dipole is placed at an angle of 30° with 5 an electric field intensity 2 × 10 N/C. It experiences a torque equal to 4 N m. The charge on the dipole, if the dipole length is 2 cm, is (A) 8 Mc (B) 2 mC (C) 5 mC (D) 7 µC A combination of capacitors is set up as shown in the figure. The magnitude of the electric field, due to a point charge Q (having a charge equal to the sum of the charges on the 4 µF and 9 µF capacitors), at a point distant 30 m from it, would equal : A charge q is placed in the middle of a line joining the two equal and like point charges Q. This system will remain in equilibrium for which the value of q is ! 4. 7. ! (1) – (2) – (3) (4) – " ! $ # ! $ An elementary particle of mass m and charge +e is projected with velocity v at a much more massive particle of charge Ze, where Z > 0. What is the closest possible approach of the incident particle. (a) (b) (c) (d) Two point charges + 9e and +e are kept 16 cm apart to each other. Where should a third charge q be placed between them so that the system remains in the equilibrium state : (1) 24 cm from + 9e (2) 12 cm from + 9e (3) 24 cm from + e (4) 12 cm from + e A square surface of side L meter in the plane of the paper is placed in a uniform electric field E (volt/m) acting along the same plane at an angle θ with the horizontal side of the square as shown in figure. The electric flux linked to the surface, in units of volt–m, is :- (1) Zero 2 (3) EL cosθ 2 (2) EL 2 (4) EL sinθ 9. (A) 360 N/C (B) 420 N/C (C) 480 N/C (D) 240 N/C A, B and C are three points in a uniform electric field. The electric potential is (A) Maximum at A (B) Maximum at B (C) Maximum at C (D) Same at all the three points A, B and C 10. Three concentric metallic spherical shells of radii R, 2R, 3R, are given charges Q1, Q2, Q3, respectively. It is found that the surface charge densities on the outer surfaces of the shells are equal. Then, the ratio of the charges given to the shells, Q1 : Q2 : Q3, is (A) 1 : 2 : 3 (B) 1 : 3 : 5 (C) 1 : 4 : 9 (D) 1 : 8 : 18 11. Two identical charged spheres are suspended by strings of equal lengths. The strings make an angle of 30° with each other. When suspended in a liquid –3 of density 0.8 g cm , the angle remains the same. –3 If density of the material of the sphere is 1.6 gcm , the dielectric constant of the liquid is (A) 1 (B) 4 (C) 3 (D) 2 12. A capacitor of 2 µF is charged as shown in the diagram. When the switch S is turned to position 2, the percentage of its stored energy dissipated is 17. The rate of alpha partical falls on neutral spheare is 12 10 per second. The time in whichsphere gets charged by 2µc is ......... sec. (A) 2.25 (B) 3.15 (C) 6.25 (D) 1.66 18. Two equal negative charges –q are fixed at points (0, a) and (0, –a). A positive charge Q isreleased from rest at the point (2a, o) on the X - axis. The charge Q will .......... (A) 75% (B) 80% (A) move to the origin and remain at rest there (C) 0% (D) 20% (B) execute simple harmonic motion about the origin 13. A parallel plate air capacitor of capacitance C is connected to a cell of emf V and then disconnected from it. A dielectric slab of dielectric constant K, which can just fill the air gap of the capacitor, is now inserted in it. Which of the following is incorrect? (A) The potential difference between the plates decreases K times (C) move to infinity (D) execute oscillations but not simple harmonic motion 19. For the system shown in figure, if the resultant force on q is zero, then Q = ............... (B) The energy stored in the capacitor decreases K times (C) The change in energy stored is (D) The charge on the capacitor is not conserved 14. Two charges, each equal to q, are kept at x = – a and x = a on the x-axis. A particle of mass m and charge q0 = q/2 is placed at the origin. If charge q0 is given a small displacement (y << a) along the y-axis, the net force acting on the particle is proportional to (A) y (B) –y (C) (D) 15. Two spherical conductors A and B of radii 1 mm and 2 mm are separated by a distance of 5 cm and are uniformly charged. If the spheres are connected by a conducting wire then in equilibrium condition, the ratio of the magnitude of the electric fields at the surface of spheres A and B is (A) 1 : 4 (B) 4 : 1 (C) 1 : 2 (D) 2 : 1 16. Consider a neutral conducting sphere. A positive point charge is placed outside the sphere. The net charge on the sphere is then, (A) negative and distributed uniformly over the surface of the sphere (B) negative and appears only at the point on the sphere closest to the point charge (C) negative and distributed non-uniformly over the entire surface of the sphere (D) zero (A) –2√2 Q (B) 2 √2 Q (C) 2 √3Q (D) –3 √2 Q 20. Two equal negative charges –q are fixed at points (o, a) and (o, –a) on the Y axis. A positive charge q is released from rest at the point x (x << a) on the X-axis, then the frequency of motion is ......... (A) (B) (C) (D) 21. An inclined plane making an angle of 30o with the horizontal is placed in an uniform electric field E = 100 Vm–1. A particle of mass 1 kg and charge 0.01 c is allowed to slide down from rest from a height of 1m. If the coefficient of friction is 0.2 the time taken by the particle to reach the bottom is .......... sec. (A) 2.337 (B) 4.337 (C) 5 (D) 1.337 22. Two point masses m each carrying charge –q and +q are attached to the ends of a massless rigid non-conducting rod of length l. The arrangement is placed in a uniform electric field E such that the rod makes a small angle 5o with the field direction. The minimum time needed by the rod to align itself along the field is ........ (A) (B) (C) (D) 23. Three charges 2q, –q, –q are located at the vertices of an equilateral triangle. At the centre of the triangle. (A) The Field is Zero but Potential is non - zero (B) The Field is non - Zero but Potential is zero (C) Both field and Potential are Zero (D) Both field and Potential are non- Zero 24. Two charged spheres of radii R1 and R2 having equal surface charge density. The ratio of their potential is ... (A) )* $ )* (B) , )+ )+ $ (C) , )* - (D) )+ - )+ )* 25. Two positive point charges of 12μc and 8μc are 10 cm apart each other. The work done in bringing them 4cm closer is ..... (A) 5.8 J (B) 13 eV (C) 5.8 eV (D) 13 J 26. A ball of mass 1 gm and charge 10–8 c moves from a point A, where the potential is 600 volt to the point B where the potential is zero. Velocity of the ball of the point B is 20cm/s. The velocity of the ball at the point A will be ..... . (A) 16.8 (C) 228 / 0. / (B) 22.8 0. / . (D) 168 (C) (D) 28. Two parallel plate air capacitors have their plate areas 100 and 500 cm2 respectively. If they have the same charge and potential and the distance between the plates of the first capacitor is 9.5 mm, what is the distance between the plates of the second capacitor? (A) 0.25 cm (B) 0.50 cm (C) 0.75 cm (D) 1 cm 29. A parallel plate air capacitor has a capacitance 18μF. If the distance between the plates is tripled and a dielectric medium is introduced, the capacitance becomes 72μF. The dielectric constant of the medium is (A) 4 (B) 12 (C) 9 (D) 2 30. There are 10 condensers each of capacity 5μF. The ratio between maximum and minimum capacities obtained from these condensers will be (A) 40 : 1 (B) 25 : 5 (C) 60 : 3 (D) 100 : 1 31. In the arrangement of capacitors shown in figure, each capacitor is of 9μF, then the equivalent capacitance between the points A and B is (A) 18μF (B) 9μF (C) 15μF (D) 4.5μF 32. A thin spherical shell of radius R has change Q spread uniformly over its surface. Which of the following graphs, figure most closely represents the electric field E (r) produced by the shell in the range 0 ≤ r <∞ , where r is the distance from the centre of the shell. / 27. Two thin wire rings each having a radius R are placed at a distance d apart with their axes coinciding. The charges on the two rings are +q and –q. The potential difference between the centres of the two rings is .... (A) (B) (C) (D) (A) 0 (B) 33. For circuit the equivalent capacitance between points P and Q is (A) 6 C " (C) C $ (B) 4 C (D) 2 33 (A) 41.80 (C) 40.80 C 34. Two metal plate form a parallel plate capacitor. The distance between the plates is d. A metal sheet of thickness d/2 and of the same area is I ntroduced between the plates. What is the ratio of the capacitance in the two cases ? (A) 4 : 1 (B) 3 : 1 (C) 2 : 1 (D) 5 : 1 35. A parallel plate air capacitor has a capacitance C. When it is half filled with a dielectric of dielectric constant 5, the percentage increase in the capacitance will be (A) 200 % (B) 33.3 % (C) 400 % (D) 66.6 % 36. An electric circuit requires a total capacitance of 2μF across a potential of 1000 V. Large number of 1μF capacitances are available each of which would breakdown if the potential is more then 350 V. How many capacitances are required to make the circuit ? (A) 24 (B) 12 (C) 20 (D) 18 37. Two point charges repel each other with a force of 100 N. One of the charges is increased by 10% and other is reduced by 10%. The new force of repulsion at the same distance would be ........ N. (A) 121 (B) 100 (C) 99 (D) 89 38. A copper sphere of mass 2 gm contains about 2 × 1022 atoms. The charge on the nucleus ofeach atom is 29e. The fraction of electrons removed. (A) 2 ×10–10 (B) 1.19 × 10–12 (C) 1.25 ×10–11 (D) 2.16 × 10–11 39. Two point charges of +16μc and –9μc are placed 8 cm apart in air. ............... distance of a point from –9μc charge at which the resultant electric field is zero. (A) 24 cm (B) 9 cm (C) 16 cm (D) 35 cm of a silk fibre 5 cm long. The other end of the fibre is attached to a large vertical conducting plate which has a surface charge of 25×10–6Cm–2 , on each side. When system is freely hanging the angle fibre makes with vertical is ............... 40. A small sphere whose mass is 0.1 gm carries a charge of 3×10–10C and is tieup to one end (B) 450 (D) 45.80 41. Two uniformaly charged spherical conductors A and B having radius 1mm and 2mm are separated by a distance of 5 cm. If the spheres are connected by a conducting wire then in equilibrium condition, the ratio of the magnitude of the electric fields at the surfaces of spheres A and B is ......... (A) 4 : 1 (C) 2 : 1 (B) 1 : 2 (D) 1 : 4 42. In Millikan’s oil drop experiment an oil drop carrying a charge Q is held stationary by a p.d. 2400v between the plates. To keep a drop of half the radius stationary the potential difference had to be made 600 v. What is the charge on the second drop ? (A) "! $ (C) Q (B) (D) ! # ! $ 43. A charged particle of mass 1 kg and charge 2μc is thrown from a horizontal ground at an angle θ = 45o with speed 20m/s. In space a horizontal electric field E = 2 ×107V/m exist. The range on horizontal ground of the projectile thrown is (A) 100 m (B) 50 m (C) 200 m (D) 0 m 44. At what angle θ a point P must be located from dipole axis so that the electric field intensity at the point is perpendicular to the dipole axis ? (A) 53° to 54° (B) 50° to 51° (C) 45° to 46° (D) 52° to 53° 45. An oil drop of 12 excess electrons is held stationary under a constant electric field of 2.55×104Vm–1 . If the density of the oil is 1.26 gm/cm3 then the radius of the drop is .......... m. (A) 9.81×10–7 (B) 9.29×10–7 (C) 9.38×10–8 (D) 9.34×10–8