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Jose Rizal and Nationalism

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Jose Rizal and Nationalism
Week
Date
Week 1
@June 16, 2023
Files
Notes
tested on quiz
Unit/mod
M1
Understanding Nationalism:
💡
Nationalism is a sense of pride or loyalty to one's
nation. It often involves a shared cultural or historical
heritage and a desire for political sovereignty and selfdetermination. Nationalism can manifest itself in various
forms, from peaceful cultural celebrations to violent
conflicts and wars.
Sense of a NATION- a group bounded by the same cultural
backgrounds and/or the same sentiments and aspirations
Nationalism as a unifying factor
Nationalism as a differentiating factor in the global society
Nationalism is the enemy of modern developmental history (Tom
Nairn)
Rizal and Nationalism:
Jose Rizal and Nationalism
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Rizal employed intellectual means to reinforce nationalist
sentiments
Rizal’s approach led to the construction of a usable past to
liberate the manipulated mass (pobre y ignorante)
John Phelan’s The Hispanization of the Philippines (1959) ➞
Nationalism as the processes of evangelization (Christianity)
and Revolution (Emilio Aguinaldo on June 12, 1989)
Death of Rizal as a counter force to supplant Spanish abusive
regime
Modern-day Nationalism:
Benedict Anderson
Nationalism a imperialism (Growing Marxism in Vietnam,
Cambodia and China)
Paradoxes of Nationalism
objective identity of nation vs. subjective identity of
nation
formal universality of nationality vs. irremediable
particularity
political power of nationalism vs. its philosophical
poverty
Nationalism as emerged in the concept of nation that is
imagined, limited, sovereign, and communal
Theories of Nationalism:
1.) Primodialism: “Ethnic Core”
2.) Modernity Theory: “Modern forces of society”
3.) Constructivism: “A constructed virtue”
Jose Rizal and Nationalism
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