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A 1. It is a systematic inquiry that describes, explains, predicts, and controls the observed
A. Research
B. Action Plan
C. Thesis
D. Case Study
C 2. It is a process that answers how the finding in relations to the hypothesis is.
A. Formulating Hypothesis B. Review of Related Literature
C. Drawing Conclusion
D. Analyzing the Data
D 3. It is statement about an area of concern, a condition to be improved, a difficulty to be
eliminated, or a troubling question that exists in scholarly literature.
A. Hypothesis Testing
B. Review of Related Literature
C. Identifying Problems
D. Research Problem
A 4. All the paragraph below states the purpose of a problem statement, EXCEPT
A. Introduce the reader to the importance of the topic being studied. The reader is
oriented to the significance of the study and the research questions or hypotheses to
B. Places the problem into a particular context that defines the parameters of what is to
be investigated.
C. Provides the framework for reporting the results and indicates what is probably
necessary to conduct the study and explain how the findings will present this
D. Refers to a statement that promptly suggests for conducting an investigation.
A 5. All the statement below describe ways to formulate the research problem, EXCEPT
I. Specify your research objectives;
II. Review its context or environment;
III. Explore its nature;
IV. Determine variable relationships;
V. Alternative approaches
VI. Determine the Literature
A 6. It is a process of naturalistic inquiry that seeks in-depth understanding of social
phenomena within their natural setting.
A. Qualitative Research
B. Variables
C. Quantitative Research
D. Hypothesis
B 7. Which of the following is a qualitative research design where lived experiences of
individuals are examined in their "life-world"?
A. Ethnography
C.Case Study D.Historical
C 8. Which of the following qualitative methods focuses on description and interpretation of
cultural behavior?
A. Phenomenology
B. Grounded theory
C. Ethnography
D. Symbolic
C 9. In formulating Research problem, the researcher must considered varied qualitative
sources. What source of research problem describe the existing social philosophies and
generalizations which the researcher is familiar with may be of a great help to design a research
A. Theory
B. Book
C. Practitioners
D. Personal Experience
D 10. In formulating Research problem, the researcher must considered varied qualitative
sources. What source of research problem describe daily experiences can provide the
researcher an idea of what problem that needs a solution?
A. Theory
B. Book
C. Practitioners
D. Personal Experience
C 11.Which of the following word describe an extensive and thorough review of literature and
studies relevant to the problem interest of the researcher may enable him/her to come up with a
potential study?
A. Journal
B. Book
C.Relevant Literature D. Personal Experience
D 12. The following are the steps/process in formulating Research Questions, EXCEPT
1. Broad Topic
2. Narrow Topic
3. Focused Topic
4. Research Question
A. 1,2,3
C.2,3,4 D.3 and 4
A 13. Base on the sample given “Democratisation in Africa.”How could you narrow this down?
A. “The role in democratisation of Africa.”
B. “The role of women in Anglophone Africa.”
C. “The role of women in democratisation in Anglophone Africa.”
D. “The role of women in democratisation in Anglophone Africa.”
B 14. Which of the following is a method that is commonly used in qualitative research?
A. Experiments
B. Ethnography
C. Questionnaires
D. Survey
B 15, What is meant by the term "grounded theory"?
A. Theories should be grounded in political values and biases
B. Theoretical ideas and concepts should emerge from the data
C. Theories should be grounded in Self values and Personal Ideas
D. Theories should be grounded in political values and economical biases
A 16. Why do qualitative researchers like to give detailed descriptions of social settings?
A. To provide a contextual understanding of social behaviour
B. Because once they have left the field, it is difficult to remember what happened
C. So that they can compare their observations as a test of reliability
D. Because they do not believe in going beyond the level of description
A 17. Why has qualitative research been seen to have an affinity with feminism?
A. It allows women's voices to be heard, rather than objectifying and exploiting them
B. It allows the researcher to control variables and suppress women's voices
C. It claims to be value free and non-political
D. It has always been carried out by female sociologists
D 18. Which of the following is more likely to be found in a qualitative study compared to other
A. An analysis of group productivity
B. A description of group attitudes toward various issues
C. A description of the skills of the members of a group
D. A description of the patterns of interaction among the members of a group
A 19. Which is not an important characteristic of a grounded theory study?
A. use of interview data only
B. use of the inductive method
C. production of an emergent theory
D. constant checking of interpretations against data
D 20. A phenomenological study makes the assumption that:
A. there is an objective reality
B. individual perceptions vary greatly
C. unique phenomena are especially enlightening
D. important agreements exist among individual perceptions
21-25 The paragraphs below are sample research title. Choose the type of Qualitative Research
with its title.
A 21. Lived Experiences of Parents of Young Children with Autism Receiving Special
Education Services
B 22. World Wars I and II, the links between them, and how they could
have been prevented
B 23. The rise and fall of empires, in relation to conflicts, protests, and riots against
corporate globalization, and the threat of worldwide terrorism against the West.
E 24. How Social media is affecting the physical social engagement of Teenagers in
Urban areas
C 25. Understanding the effects of Gender-Based Violence (GBV) in rural areas and
how this negatively impacts women in such areas
D 26. Theory Study of Student Perceptions of Instructor Presence in Online Classes
E 27. Covid-19 and related anxiety cases among college students.
A 28. The most common misconceptions about children with Autism.
D 29. The dangers of advertisements on children's TV networks.