Uploaded by Caetano SANTORO

Health and Well-being

Definition of Health
Definition of Fitness
A state of complete physical, mental and
social well-being and not merely the
absence of disease or infirmity.
The ability to cope with to meet
the demands of the environment.
Determinants of Health
Fitness, Health and its
• Income and social status are linked to
better health
• Education
• Physical Environment
• Social Support Networks
• Genetics
• Health Services
• Gender
Physical Health:
• All body systems workin well
• Free from illness, injury or disease
• Ability to carry out every day tasks
Mental Health:
• Ability to cope with stress
• Control of emotions
• Feeling good, self-esteem and self
Social Health:
• Essential human needs are met
• Friendship and support
• Value within society
• Ability to mix with other people
It is known the importance of
being fit to meet the demands of
the environment and lifestyle to
keep health. Exercise is a way to
keep your body active, a tool to
improve your level of fitness and
as a consequence more prepared
to cope with the demands.
The level, of fitness will determine
the level of how the task was
completed and then we
understand the concept of
Factors affecting
Age: muscle weaken, bones become more brittle, less
Physique: can advantage you, such as being lean and
tall for rebounds in basketball
Gender: women undergo big hormonal changes,
males are usually taller and stronger, body
composition differences
Physical Disability: when a body part does not
function perfectly
Environment: pollution, temperature, humidity,
altitude effects performance and fitness
Drug Taking: performance enhancer, but illegal. Social
acceptable drugs, damage vital organs
Diet: balanced diet, different sources of energy
Stress: lifestyle, work, unemployment
Illness and Fatigue: strong relationship with physical
health and fitness
Examples of Skill related fitness
• Agility: the ability to change the body position
quickly under control
• Balance: being able to maintain a position, either
static or dynamic
Health related fitness
Skill related fitness
These skills might help to
protect your body from
injuries and illness. They
can also be improved, but
will differ under the
perspective of protection
and prevention of injuries.
Skill related components
are those skills that can
be trained and directly
improved based on
practice and improvement
of execution.
Provide the body’s main
source of fuel, needed for
physical activity, brain
function and operation of
the organs. Also provide
fiber helping to regulate
Help body cells grow.
Repairs cells and muscle
• Coordination: the ability to use two body parts at the
same time
Supply a very
concentrated source of
energy that you can store
in your body for later use
• Reaction: the time it takes to respond to a stimulus.
Examples of Health related
fitness components
• Cardiovascular Endurance: allows you to work for
longer periods of time with the lungs, heart and blood
working efficiently to supply oxygen to the muscles.
• Flexibility: it is the range of movement around the joint
• Muscular endurance: the ability of you muscles to
work continuously without getting tired
• Power: refers to being able to perform strength
movements at speed
• Ability to perform a movement quickly at speed
• Strength: ability to exert the maximum amount of force
in one go.
Eating healthy also involves matching the amount of
energy we need with the amount of energy we use. If we
take a lot more than we need, the unused energy is
stored in the body as fat. In the long term, this can lead
to cause obesity. Health problems related to obesity
include: high blood pressure, diabetes, liver disease,
heart attack, stroke and cancer.
Lifestyle affects directly our level of fitness and health. A
sedentary lifestyle might also be influenced by hours of
sleeping, alcohol, legal and illegal drugs. Balanced diet,
level of fitness activity, a stressful job and schedule
might affect the individuals level of health.