Definition of Health Definition of Fitness A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. The ability to cope with to meet the demands of the environment. Determinants of Health Fitness, Health and its relationship • Income and social status are linked to better health • Education • Physical Environment • Social Support Networks • Genetics • Health Services • Gender Physical Health: • All body systems workin well • Free from illness, injury or disease • Ability to carry out every day tasks Mental Health: • Ability to cope with stress • Control of emotions • Feeling good, self-esteem and self confidence Social Health: • Essential human needs are met • Friendship and support • Value within society • Ability to mix with other people It is known the importance of being fit to meet the demands of the environment and lifestyle to keep health. Exercise is a way to keep your body active, a tool to improve your level of fitness and as a consequence more prepared to cope with the demands. The level, of fitness will determine the level of how the task was completed and then we understand the concept of performance. Factors aﬀecting Fitness Age: muscle weaken, bones become more brittle, less flexibility Physique: can advantage you, such as being lean and tall for rebounds in basketball Gender: women undergo big hormonal changes, males are usually taller and stronger, body composition diﬀerences Physical Disability: when a body part does not function perfectly Environment: pollution, temperature, humidity, altitude eﬀects performance and fitness Drug Taking: performance enhancer, but illegal. Social acceptable drugs, damage vital organs Diet: balanced diet, diﬀerent sources of energy Stress: lifestyle, work, unemployment Illness and Fatigue: strong relationship with physical health and fitness Examples of Skill related fitness components • Agility: the ability to change the body position quickly under control • Balance: being able to maintain a position, either static or dynamic Health related fitness components Skill related fitness components These skills might help to protect your body from injuries and illness. They can also be improved, but will diﬀer under the perspective of protection and prevention of injuries. Skill related components are those skills that can be trained and directly improved based on practice and improvement of execution. Carbohydrates Proteins Provide the body’s main source of fuel, needed for physical activity, brain function and operation of the organs. Also provide fiber helping to regulate digestion. Help body cells grow. Repairs cells and muscle tissue. • Coordination: the ability to use two body parts at the same time Fats Supply a very concentrated source of energy that you can store in your body for later use • Reaction: the time it takes to respond to a stimulus. Examples of Health related fitness components • Cardiovascular Endurance: allows you to work for longer periods of time with the lungs, heart and blood working eﬃciently to supply oxygen to the muscles. • Flexibility: it is the range of movement around the joint • Muscular endurance: the ability of you muscles to work continuously without getting tired • Power: refers to being able to perform strength movements at speed • Ability to perform a movement quickly at speed • Strength: ability to exert the maximum amount of force in one go. Diet Eating healthy also involves matching the amount of energy we need with the amount of energy we use. If we take a lot more than we need, the unused energy is stored in the body as fat. In the long term, this can lead to cause obesity. Health problems related to obesity include: high blood pressure, diabetes, liver disease, heart attack, stroke and cancer. Lifestyle Lifestyle aﬀects directly our level of fitness and health. A sedentary lifestyle might also be influenced by hours of sleeping, alcohol, legal and illegal drugs. Balanced diet, level of fitness activity, a stressful job and schedule might aﬀect the individuals level of health.