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Copy of Gov SY23 Unit 1 Vocab SG Option

Unit 1 Vocabulary Study Guide
A government is a group of people
governing an organized community.
An autocracy is a system of
government by one person with
absolute power.
An Oligarchy is a small group of people
having control of a country.
is a system of government by the whole
population or all the eligible members of a
state, typically through elected
Add a picture, example, or use the
term in a sentence.
is a form of democracy in which the electorate
decides on policy initiatives without elected
representatives as proxies. This differs from
the majority of currently established
democracies, which are representative
Representative democracy, also known as
indirect democracy, is a type of democracy
where elected persons represent a group of
people, in contrast to direct democracy.
relates to a system of government or
organization in which the powers of the
separate constituent parts are vested in a
central body.
A Federal Government is a nation's system
of designating power, whether to a central
government or local state government.
relating to or denoting a confederation.
A presidential system, or single executive
system, is a form of government in which a
head of government, typically with the title
of president, leads an executive branch that
is separate from the legislative branch in
systems that use separation of powers
A parliamentary system or parliamentary
democracy is a system of democratic
governance of a state where the executive
derives its democratic legitimacy from its
ability to command the support of the
legislature, typically a parliament, to which it
is accountable.
is the concept of a government limited
in power. It is a key concept in the
history of liberalism.
Rule of law
is the restriction of the arbitrary exercise of
power by subordinating it to well-defined
and established laws.
Magna Carta
was the first document to put into
writing the principle that King George
and his government were not above
the law.
Petition of
The Petition of Rights passed on 7 June
1628, is an English constitutional document
setting out specific individual protections
against the state, reportedly of equal value
to Magna Carta and the Bill of Rights 1689.
The English Bill
of Rights
firmly established the principles of
frequent parliaments, free elections,
and freedom of speech within
Thomas Hobbes created the
leviathan book and created these
three concepts of philosophy: The
natural state of mankind (the “state
of nature”) is a state of war of one
man against another, as man is
selfish and brutish.
John Locke Created a philosophy that
inspired and reflected Enlightenment
values in its recognition of the rights
and equality of individuals, its criticism
of arbitrary authority (e.g., the divine
right of kings), its advocacy of religious
toleration, and its general empirical
and scientific temperament.
Rousseau’s theory of education
emphasized the importance of
expression to produce a wellbalanced, freethinking child. He
believed that if children are allowed to
develop naturally without constraints
imposed on them by the society they
will develop towards their fullest
potential, both educationally and
concluded that the best form of
government was one in which the
legislative, executive, and judicial
powers were separate and kept each
other in check to prevent any branch
from becoming too powerful
Declaration of The Declaration of Independence is a
Independence document that officially records the
proclamation that the United States is
an independent country from Great
Natural rights
refer to the rights given to all humans,
simply for the sake of being human.
They are universal moral principles
among all cultures and societies and
can't be reversed by government laws.
Articles of
The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual
Union was an agreement among the 13
original states of the United States of
America that served as its first frame of
Strengths and
weaknesses of
the Articles of
It allowed the eventual admission to
the Union of no more than five states,
and no fewer than three, “on an equal
footing with the original states.”
● No central leadership
(executive branch)
● Congress had no power to
enforce its laws.
● Congress had no power to tax.
● Congress had no power to
regulate trade.
● No national court system
(judicial branch)
● Changes to the Articles
required unanimous
● consent of 13 states.
Shays' Rebellion was an armed uprising in
Western Massachusetts and Worcester in
response to a debt crisis among the
citizenry and in opposition to the state
government's increased efforts to collect
taxes both on individuals and their trades.