Autism spectrum disorder, sometimes known as autism, is a severe developmental illness marked by problems in social functioning, language and communication, as well as atypical behaviors and social interactions. interests. Because autism is a spectrum condition, two children with the same diagnosis might have drastically different symptom patterns and levels of impairment. Intellectual difficulties, sensory and perceptual abnormalities, and cognitive deficits are all common aspects of autism (e.g., theory of mind, executive function). Mental diseases and symptoms are examples of co-morbid disorders. Retardation, epilepsy, ADHD, learning impairments, anxiety, mood disorders, and self-harming behavior are all examples of mental illnesses. Boys are more likely than girls to be diagnosed, although the gender gap diminishes at higher degrees of intellectual disability. Autism is typically a lifelong, chronic disorder, however most youngsters improve as they become older.