Starter You could think about: Why are carbohydrates needed in our diet? How much carbohydrate is needed? Health problems which could occur Theory Lesson 2 – BMR, energy sources, nutritional information/ traffic light labelling CARBOHYDRATES ARE NEEDED FOR ENERGY! BMR stands for Basal Metabolic Rate, meaning the smallest amount of energy needed for a person to stay alive…things like breathing and keeping your heart beating. Did you know that these basic processes can take up a whopping 75% of your daily energy!! Draw a mind map then write the 4 factors which can affect a person’s BMR. Starter Answers Theory Lesson 2 – BMR, energy sources, nutritional information/ traffic light labelling Did you write these down? In enough detail? Adapt your answers in your books. Age – BMR decreases as we get older due to reduction of muscle mass. Factor’s which affects a persons BMR. GenderWoman, in general, have a lower BMR than men as they are generally smaller and tend to have less muscle mass. Weight and HeightHeavier or larger bodies need more calories, so have a higher BMR. ExerciseIt’s all about the muscle – regular exercise (especially strength training) increases muscle, which raises your BMR.