Shri Ramdeobaba College of Engineering and Management, Nagpur, India Department of Electronics Engineering Satellite Communication System Name: Omkar Rinke(55), Abhayraj Singh Chauhan(57), Bhuvanesh Hatwar(65) Course Name: Microwave Theory And Techniques Course Code: ENT361-2 Course Coordinator: Prof. A.R.Tiwari INTRODUCTION The satellite communication system antenna is the most visible component. At the radio frequency (RF) end of the electromagnetic spectrum, the antenna sends and receives the modulated carrier signal. The frequencies used for satellite communication span from around 0.3 GHz (VHF) to 30 GHz (Ka-band) and beyond. Fig1: The 90×90 mm multi-feed array antenna Types of Satellite Communications Antenna: 1.Three-Axis stabilized satellite It's extremely usual to station-keep satellites whose attitude is entirely controlled (that is, the orientation of the satellite's three main axes is controlled). The antennas can be as simple as a narrowband paraboloid reflector mounted on a two-axis pedestal, or as complex and distinctive as NASA's ATS-6 satellite multiple frequency multiple-beam antenna [SI]. Fig2: Spin and Three-Axis Stabilization Credits - NASA 2. MULTIPLE-BEAM ANTENNAS The above is an attempt to highlight the diverse range of antenna performance requirements that have emerged throughout time as satellite configurations and needs have changed. This is advantageous since additional requirements are frequently discovered after a satellite has been operational; this is especially true in defense, or military, communication systems. Fig3: Beam Direction Fig4: Formation of multi-beam radiation Conclusions: Antennas are unavoidable in wireless communication systems, as is widely known. The first artificial satellite produced by the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics),telecommunication technology for space began to develop rapidly. For space communication systems, however, the importance of antennas as the first or ultimate RF-front end device has not changed. References: 1. A mist of Satellite Communication Systems, vol. 111. Defense Communications Agency: Washington, DC, Sept. 12,1973. 2. J. B. Rankin, et al., “Multifunction single package antenna system for spin-stabilized near-synchronous satellite,” ZEEE Trans. Antennas Propagat., vol. AP-17, pp. 435-442, July 1969.