THE OPEN UNIVERSITY OF TANZANIA FACULTY OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES OEV 209: INTRODUCTION TO REMOTE SENSING AND GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM Moodle Continuous Assessment INSTRUCTIONS This assignment has five questions Attempt all questions remember to write your name and registration number. Please write legibly and in organized manner. 1. Write short notes on image resolution? 2. In some literature, the spectral reflectance signature is used to denote the spectral reflectance curve. Do you agree with the usage of the term “signature”? Why? 3. Explain the basic principles of the wave and particle models of electromagnetic radiation and indicate the important relationships between wavelength, frequency and energy that are explained by each model independently and the models combine 4. Hyper-spectral and multi-spectral scanners detect and record radiation in several (perhaps hundreds) of very narrow spectral bands. What would be the advantages of these types of sensors? What would be some of the disadvantages? 5. What is meant by absorption windows? How do they affect remote sensing systems? List three gases that affect EM radiation transmittance through the atmosphere.