RIZAL’S CHILDREN CHAPTER 1 Advent of a National Hero Dr. Jose Rizal Unique example of a many splendored genius. Poet, dramatist, novelist, architect, painter Born: June 19,1861 (between 11 and midnight) few days before full moon Birth Place: Calamba, Laguna (Lakeshore town) THE BIRTH OF JOSE RIZAL Father Rufino Collantes Parish Priest who baptized Rizal June 22 (3days old) Father Pedro Casanas Rizal’s godfather (ninong) RIZAL’S PARENT Two boys nine girls Dona or Senora if married and Senorita if Single. 1. Saturnina 2. Paciano – 10 years older “most noble of Filipinos” 3. Narcisa 4. Olimpia 5. Lucia 6. Maria 7. Jose 8. Conception 9. Josefa 10. Trinidad 11. Soledad RIZAL’S ANCESTRY 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Rizal was a product of the mixture of races. East and West-Negrito Indonesian Malay Chinese Japanese Spanish Francisco Mercado Rizal Domingo Lameo a.k.a (Domingo Mercado) “a model of fathers” Birthday: May 11, 1818 – January 5,1898 at the age of 80 Birth Place Binan, Laguna Studied Latin and Philosophy at the College of San Jose in Manila Tenant-farmer of the Dominican-owned hacienda Teodora Alonso Realonda Birthday: November 8, 1826 – August 16,1911 at the age of 85 Born in Manila Was educated at College of Sta. Rosa (college for girls in the city) Philippine Government offered her a life pension before her death. Rizal Great-grandfather on his father’s side Full blooded Chinese Chinese immigrant from Fukien City of Changchow He became a Christian Married a well to do Chinese Christian Girl of Manila named Ines de la Rosa. 1731 the surname Mercado was appropriate for him because he was a merchant. The Spanish term mercado means “market” in English. They had a son, Franciso Mercado who resided in Binan Francisco Mercado married Chinese-Filipino mestiza, Cirilia Bernacha. He was elected as gobernadorcillo (municipal mayor). Son: Juan Mercado Juan Mercado Rizal’s grandfather. Married CirillaAlejandro a Chinese-Filipino mestiza. Like his father he was elected as gobernadorcillo of Binan Capitan Juan and Capitana Cirila had 13 choildren, the youngest being Francisco Mercado, Rizal’s Father. Francisco Mercado At the age of 8 he lost his father, under the care of his mother. Studied Latin and Philosophy in the College of San Jose in Manila. Fell in love to Teodora Alonzo Realonda, a student of College of Santa Rosa. Married on June 28, 1848 and settle down in Calamba Engaged in farming and business/ reared a big family. Dona Teodora Family Descended from the LakanDula, the last native king of Tondo Eugenio Ursua Rizal’s maternal great-grandfather Japanese Ancestry Married a Filipina named Benigna (surname unknown) Daughter name is Regina. Regina married Manuel de Quintos, a FilipinoChinese Lawyer Daughter name is Brigida. Brigida married Lorenzo Alberto Alonso, a prominent Spanish Filipino mestizo. Their children were Narcisa, Teodora (Rizal’s Mother) THE SURNAME RIZAL THE REAL SURNAME OF THE Rizal Family was Mercado. Rizal name is given by the Spanish alcalde mayor (provincial governor) of Laguna, who was a family friend. THE RIZAL HOME Was of the distinguished stone houses in Calamba during Spanish Times. two-storey building, rectangular in shape, built of adobe stone and hardwoods, and roofed with red tiles. High and even sumptuous, a solid and massive earthquake-proof structure with sliding shell windows. Thick walls of lime and stone bounded on first floor The second floor was made entirely of wood except for the roof. At the back was an azotea and a wide, deep cistern to hold rainwater for home use. Behind the house was the poultry yard full of turkeys and chickens and big garden of tropical fruit trees. A GOOD AND MIDDLE-CLASS FAMILY Rizal family was belonged to the Principalia, a town aristocracy in Spanish Philippines. Honest work and frugal living. From the farms they were able to harvest rice and sugarcane Raised pigs, chickens and turkeys in the backyard. Farming and stock raising. Teodora managed a general goods store and operated a small flour-mill and a homemade ham press. Evidence Of Their Affluence 1. Large stone house and to buy another one 2. Owned a carriage – a status symbol of the Ilustrados in Spanish Philippine. 3. Owned a private library (largest in Calamba) which consisted of 1000 volumes. 4. They sent their children to Colleges in Manila. 5. They participated prominently in all social and religious affairs in the community. HOME LIFE OF THE RIZALS Rizal family had a simple, contented, and happy life. If Rizal got into a mischief he also received sound spanking. They pray together daily at home. The Angelus at the sunset and the Rosary before retiring to bed at night. Chapter 2 Childhood Years in Calamba Father Leoncio Lopez He used to visit this learned Filipino priest and listen to his stimulating opinions on current events and sound philosophy of life. CALAMBA THE HERO’S TOWN Calamba was a hacienda town which belong to the Dominican order. Covered w/ irrigated fields and sugar lands Mount Makiling: South Laguna de Bay: East Antipolo: North He was 15 years old and was a student in the Ateneo de Manila. He wrote a poem Un Recuerdo A Mi Pueblo (In Memory of My Town EARLIEST CHILDHOOD MEMORIES 1. Happy days in the family garden when he was 3 yrs old. 2. Daily Angelus prayer and night. 3. Aya’s story telling about legends and folklores. 4. Nocturnal Walk THE HERO’S FIRST SORROW Little Concha (Concepcion) Died of sickness at the age of three and Rizal was only four years old. He played with her and from her he learned the sweetness of sisterly love. DEVOTED SON OF THE CHURCH born and bred in a wholesome atmosphere of Catholicism 3 yrs old – he began to take part in the family prayers. 5 yrs old – he was able to read haltingly the Spanish family Bible. He was laughingly called “Manong Jose” by the Hermanos and Hermanas Terceras He loved to go to church 1. to pray 2. to take parts in the novenas 3. to join the religious processions. PILGRIMAGE TO ANTIPOLO Jose and his father left Calamba to go on a pilgrimage to Antipolo, in order to fulfill his mother’s vow which was made when Jose was born. Dona Teodora could not accompany them because she had given birth to Trinidad. He and his father rode in a casco (barge) and sailed towards Pasig River After praying to the shrine of the Virgin of Antipolo (Our Lady of Good Voyage) they went to Manila. They visited Saturnina at a boarding student in La Concordia College in Sta.Ana. THE STORY OF THE MOTH Children’s Friend (El Amigo de los Ninos) The tragic fate of the young moth, which “died a martyr to its illusions” ARTISTIC TALENTS At age of 5 he began to make sketches with his pencil and mould in clay and wax objects. 6yrs old -All right laugh at me now! Someday when I die people will make monuments and images of me! FIRST POEM BY RIZAL Sa Aking Mga Kabata (To My Fellow Children) First poem of Rizal written when he was 8 years old. FIRST DRAMA BY RIZAL Rizal wrote his first dramatic work which was a Tagalog Comedy. First staged in Calamba Festival. Gobernadorcillo from Paete purchased the manuscript for 2 pesos and brought it to his hometown. RIZAL AS BOY MAGICIAN Making a coin appear or disappear in his fingers Making a handkerchief vanish into thin air. Magic-lantern exhibitions. Twisting his supple fingers into shapes to make shadows resembles an animal and persons. Manipulating marionettes (puppet shows). LAKESHORE REVERIES INFLUENCES ON THE HERO’S BOYHOOD 1. Hereditary Influence a) Malayan Ancestors love for freedom and innate desire to travel indomitable courage. b) Chinese Ancestors Serious nature Frugality Patience love for children c) Spanish Ancestors Elegance bearing sensitivity to insult gallantry to ladies (polite) d) Father Self-respect love for work habit of independent thinking e) Mother Religious nature the spirit of self-sacrifice passion for arts and literature. 2. Environmental Influence a. Scenic beauties of Calamba and the beautiful garden of Rizal Family b. The religious atmosphere c. Paciano- instilled love and freedom d. Sisters- learned to be courteous and kind to women e. Aya- awakened his interest in folklore and legends. f. Three Uncles Tio Jose Alberto- develop his artistic ability Tio Manuel- develop his frail body Tio Gregorio- intensified his voracious reading Father Leoncio Lopez- fostered Rizal’s love for scholarship and intellectual honesty GOMBURZA- awakened his spirit of patriotism, inspire him to consecrate his life and talents to redeem his oppressed people. 3. Aid of Divine Providence Versatile gifts of a genius. Vibrant spirit of a nationalist. Valiant heart to sacrifice for a noble cause.