Uploaded by Robert Miller

inaugurations answers

Nov. 1860
Lincoln elected
Dec 1860-Feb 1861
Lower South seceded
Feb 18, 1861
Davis’s Inaugural
Mar 4, 1861
Lincoln’s Inaugural
Inaugural address – the speech where a newly elected president announces his goals as a leader.
Abraham Lincoln
•Born in Kentucky
•Member of Republican
•Served one term in
House of Representatives
•Elected President of the
United States in 1860
•Assassinated in 1865
Jefferson Davis
•Born in Mississippi
•Owned 74 slaves
•Fought in Mexican War
•Served in both houses of
•Secretary of War (18531857)
•First and only president
of the Confederate States
of America
Apr 12, 1861
Fort Sumter
Lincoln’s Inaugural Address
March 4, 1861
"I therefore consider that in view of the Constitution and the laws,
the Union is unbroken; and to the extent of my ability I shall take
care, as the Constitution itself expressly enjoins upon me, that the
laws of the Union be faithfully executed in all the States.“
Secession is unconstitutional. As president,
Lincoln will enforce the law in all the states.
“I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with the
institution of slavery in the States where it exists. I believe I have
no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so.”
Lincoln promises not to interfere with slavery
in the southern states.
"In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow-countrymen, and not in mine,
is the momentous issue of civil war. The Government will not assail
you. You can have no conflict without being yourselves the
aggressors. You have no oath registered in heaven to destroy the
Government, while I shall have the most solemn one to 'preserve,
protect, and defend it'.“
If there is to be war, it will be the South’s
fault. Lincoln’s main goal is to defend the Union.
Davis’ Inaugural Address
February 18, 1861
“Our present position has been achieved in a manner
unprecedented in the history of nations. It illustrates the
American idea that government rests upon the consent of the
governed, and that it is the right of the people to alter or abolish
a government whenever it becomes destructive of the ends for
which it was established.”
The Confederacy was established on the same
principles Thomas Jefferson described in the
Declaration of Independence.
“By virtue of this authority…the sovereign States here
represented have seceded from that Union…They have formed a
new alliance, but in each State its government has remained as
before. The rights of person and property have not been
The southern states have formed a new nation.
Their sovereignty and their slaves are
“If we may not hope to avoid war, we may at least expect that
posterity will acquit us of having needlessly engaged in it. We
are doubly justified by the absence of wrong on our part, and by
wanton aggression on the part of others.”
If the South goes to war, it will be to defend
itself against the North.