Last Name 1 Plagiarism Report: https://jmp.sh/fHBLZbA Name Instructor Course Date Draft This essay will explore the possible cause and effect of the accident in the road in the United States that outlined below: Inattentive Driving: Always present through all gestures and actions of taking your eyes off the road and taking your hands off the steering wheel. Climate: This increases the risk that the driver will lose full control of the vehicle and is more likely to be involved in a collision, injury or death (Fagnat, Daniel and Kara, p.173). Fatigue / Drowsiness: The driver's reflexes must be fully functional while driving. This is not possible when you are tired or drowsy. Driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol (DUI): Studies show that drivers often use drugs such as cocaine and amphetamines to improve performance and simulate traffic conditions. Reckless Driving: This is when you have a bad habit of not giving up, not stopping at a stop sign, or using soaked headlights or other road safety signs. Road conditions: Problems such as road construction, power line drops, potholes, etc. are the main causes of car accidents due to dangerous road conditions. Vehicle Defects: Manufacturer may recall vehicle due to dangerous goods or mechanisms that could lead to an accident Last Name 2 Essay Driving is an activity that requires full attention since it exposes people to a large number of factors that can lead to a traffic accident with fatal consequences. Driving in the United States is not a privilege to be taken lightly. The laws are very specific in this regard and describe which situations endanger the safety of drivers (Baldwin, Grant, Matt and David, p. 347). Some agencies, such as the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) or the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), also warn about the most dangerous practices that lead to unfortunate consequences. Distracted driving: One of the most common causes of accidents is distracted driving, even for the most responsible drivers. It is present at all times, through any gesture or action that takes the eyes off the road or the hands off the wheel. Some drivers also practice it, inadvertently, by manipulating car controls, eating while driving, or chatting with a passenger. Distracted driving is also related to the use of smartphones, a practice that is illegal throughout the country because it represents one of the most lethal for those who drive. However, when it comes to car accidents caused by distracted driving, the margin for error is very high. Distracted driving can take many forms and varies from person to person. One of the most common types of distracted driving is texting or using a mobile phone while driving. In the United States, distractions behind the wheel caused the deaths of more than 2000 people in 2018 alone (Fagnant, Daniel, and Kara, p. 173). At the same time, distracted driving is common for all age groups. It is one of the leading causes of traffic accidents for the younger generations. At the same time, distracted driving can take many forms that are not just related to texting. Other activities that lead to distracted driving can be taking the eyes off the road, eating, reaching into the back seat, and much more. Last Name 3 Climate: It is a factor that cannot be controlled but that can be considered before driving. Depending on the weather and its manifestations, visibility could be affected, as well as the capabilities of the car. In this way, the driver runs a high risk of losing total control of the vehicle, increasing the chances of being involved in a collision and being injured or causing death (Fagnant, Daniel, and Kara, p. 173). Some experts consider that using the day's forecasts could be one of the safest strategies in these cases. Tiredness / Drowsiness: Driving requires the driver's reflexes to be fully operational, and this is impossible when exhausted or drowsy. These two states can be really dangerous for those who drive because they limit the possible quick reactions that may be necessary at any time. In these cases, it is best to stop in a safe area and rest until one feels awake enough to continue (Fagnant, Daniel, and Kara, p. 173). Driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol (DUI): Like the previous one, driving under the influence of any substance that limits reflexes can increase the chances of a traffic accident. Both alcohol and drugs reduce the response of the senses to a minimum and can lead to loss of consciousness (Thacker, Stephen, et al., p. 227). Like the use of the telephone, they are driving under these conditions is punished by the authorities and is subject to the payment of very high fines and even to the fulfillment of sentences in prison. Reckless driving: It is present when the driver ignores the rules and speed limits. Also, when one has a bad habit of not yielding, of not stopping at stop signs, or of not using the dipped beams or other signs that contribute to road safety. Reckless drivers are usually aware of what they are doing, so this type of practice is associated with a reckless way of acting. It is also a practice that is associated with other problems such as road rage, which is evident in certain angry attitudes that these individuals present (Thacker, Stephen, et al., p. 227). Reckless driving, Last Name 4 distracted driving, and driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs are criminal offenses in the United States, and, many times, the authorities impose fines and penalties, but they also force drivers to attend a traffic school or defensive driving course to improve your driving record. Although the latter is a great option, not all people are eligible for such a benefit; everything will depend on the severity of their actions. State of the roads: Sometimes the roads themselves can be the problem when it comes to traffic accidents. Potholes and other unsafe road hazards are known to lead to car accidents and dangerous conditions. Issues like road construction, downed power lines, potholes, and many more are the leading causes of car accidents due to dangerous road conditions. Vehicle defects: Although not as common as the other causes on this list, vehicle defects are still a major force to be reckoned with. The manufacturer could recall the vehicle due to hazardous materials or mechanisms that can cause crashes. Or because of unsafe conditions if the vehicle is in an accident. Vehicle defects can also be caused by poor maintenance of the vehicle (Thacker, Stephen, et al., p. 227). When it comes to ensuring the safety of the vehicle on the road, it is essential to carry out regular check-ups and overhauls of the car. Last Name 5 Works Cited Baldwin, Grant, Matt Breiding, and David Sleet. "Using the public health model to address unintentional injuries and TBI: A perspective from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)." NeuroRehabilitation 39.3 (2016): 345-349. Fagnant, Daniel J., and Kara Kockelman. "Preparing a nation for autonomous vehicles: opportunities, barriers and policy recommendations." Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice 77 (2015): 167-181. Thacker, Stephen B., et al. "The evidence base for public health: informing policy at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention." American Journal of preventive medicine 29.3 (2005): 227-e1.