Uploaded by Angel Amoroso

Final Exam Prep

1. Development of the toxic blood levels of a drug?
- Prolonged half-life
2. Completely metabolized drug by the first pass effect, the drug must be administered:
- Higher doses?? Frequent usage
3. Stressed induced catecholamines released from the adrenal medulla may result in:
- peripheral vasoconstriction
4. Improved function of the heart and brain during a stress response results from:
- Peripheral vasodilation
5. Adverse effect of the glucocorticoids?
- Osteoporosis
6. Localize and contain foregin material during inflammatory response?
- Fibrinogen
7. Expected finding in a patient with chronic inflammation?
- Fibroblasts
8. The nurse is caring for a client who has a surgical wound on the abdomen that has
dehisced and contains a creamy exudate and small area of deep pink granulation tissue.
As a nurse caring for this client, you would expect the wound to help by:
- Delayed primary intention healing
9. A patient with massive trauma to the leg has extensive muscle damage and wide,
irregular wound edges, which is true about the healing of this wound?
- Most of the skin and skeletal muscle will be replaced by connective tissue
10. Most effective mechanism to help bring a patient’s body temperature up to a new set
point of 39C?
- Generalized shivering
11. When do clinical signs of infection occur?
- When the microbial colony is large enough to damage the host
12. The mechanism of action of aspirin as an analgesic us to:
- Inhibit the production of prostaglandins
13. An accurate definition of transduction
- The detection of painful stimuli by sensory receptors
14. Antidote for warfarin overdose?
- Vitamin K
15. Hydrostatic pneumonia is more likely to develop in the immobilized person?
explain 3 possible causes of pulmonary edema
- 1. may be caused by left side CHF,
- 2. increased hydrostatic pressure in the pulmonary capillaries,
- 3. kidney disease,
- 4.inhlalation of irritant gases of pathogen causing inflammation and
- 5. increased capillary permeability
16. Asthma
- Reversible airway obstruction
17. Side effects of the anticholinergic medication?
- Urinary retention and constipation