A. THE POSITIVE SIDE OF “PAKIKISAMA” a. P.C. Col Virgilio David study i. Greed for wealth ii. ELection of dishonest officials through cheating iii. Corruption exapmples set by some high officials iv. Lack of effective censure v. Money being valued as measure of prestige vi. Economic insecurity , ineffective audit system vii. Strong kinship values viii. Temptations in the government because of its enormous resources ix. Belief that the chance of being punished is extremely remote. b. Natividad Dayan study (militatry behavior) i. Siga-siga ii. Utang na loob iii. Madamdamin iv. Nakakainom ● Above are Negative orientation of pakikisama (ayaw makisama) ○ Systemic corruction = bureaucratic pakikisama ● When a strong pakikisama among the network of persons engaged in corruption has taken root, reusal to “go along '' with the ingroup leads to ostracism of the out group. c. Positive side i. Leads Filipinos to assist them and cooperate with each other and it restrains them from degrading a “Kababayan” in order to get a cherished position or work. ii. Stops Filipino from maliciously withholding information or knowledge in order to put a fellow Filipino in a difficult situation. iii. Makes Filipinos realize that if they do anything to hurt a kababayan they also hurting themselves and their country. ● History proves there's already pakikisama existed before from our famous icons, idols and heroes. ● General welfare of mankind B. ● 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. ● “PAKIKISAMA” - A TOOL FOR LEADERSHIP Predominant value of the Filipino individual hiya Amor propio Utang na loob Bata-bata Pilosopo Paternalism Pakikisama as a tool to motivate subordinates ■ Pakitang gilas ■ Pasiklab feeling ■ ■ ■ Kailangan maganda sa pandinig ni boss para bumilib; boss favorite Sipsip Backer ang boss; being related to the boss by blood and any relations that can maintain a special place in company ■ Boss can be angelic. Sometimes ■ Boss is aware of people’s mediocrity ■ Boss agrees to be a sponsor some events ■ Boss tries to his/her best to relate to his subordinate ■ Bow na lang ng bow ■ Joining outside gathering enhance informal group ■ Tayo-tayo arrangement also know as mapagpapel when someone need to leave the office or emergency ■ Choosing a group that can easily to get along to avoid odd and uncomfortable ■ Pakisuyo; utos; Janitors, messenger, and drivers are most sensitive person in the organization ● Pakikisama for leadership ○ The story of Engineers with his/her group get along in a night out ■ Lesson: a person of higher authority drinking or partying with your coworker or ordinary worker nakikisama will surely get their sympathy o and loyalty. Also prove that he/she was worth being a leader of the group. ● CLOSING STATEMENT : Leader should know when, where and how to use pakikisama. Otherwise, the benefits that could be derived fromthis values would be offset by its apparent weaknesses. C. THE POSITIVE SIDE OF “BARKADA” ● Security that will protect each other from aggressors. ● Barkada is the Laboratory that cultivates & transforms him/her from shy, timid and bashful. ● Nirvana - can find himself/herself, be himself/herself w/o pretension and alienation ● Barkada is the mecca ● BARKADA VALUES AND SPIRITS 1. Dignidad or karangalan 2. Virtue of galang or respect 3. Sharing of 1’s talent, resources, and property 4. Supporting each others ● In barkada clearly there is no rebel that will destroy the group its all commongood ● Barkada as positive factors is both belief and commitment. ○ Belief - of what a group of people is and what it can be ○ Commitment - “pangako“ trying to protect the image of barkada by always doing the best. ● CLOSING STATEMENT: Barkada has very Filipino values which it is already among us even before the spaniards. However , today we must expand the values of barkada including all Filipinos who are willing to join us, work with us and develop brotherhood with us for the betterment and development of our society.